Tamils - a Trans State Nation..

"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."
Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

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Home > Tamils - a Trans State Nation > Struggle for Tamil Eelam > Indictment against Sri Lanka - Introduction & Index  > Genocide'83  > Rajiv Gandhi's War Crimes '87 to '90 > Sri Lanka's Genocidal War '95 to '01 Sri Lanka's War on Eelam Tamils in the Shadow of a Ceasefire: '02 to '07Sri Lanka's Genocidal War '08 ...after Abrogation of the CeasefireSri Lanka's Continued Ethnic Cleansing  2009... - after Tamil Armed Resistance Ends... Disappearances & Extra Judicial Killings > Rape & Murder > Torture  > Sri Lanka's War Crimes > Patterns of  Impunity > Censorship, Disinformation & Murder of Journalists  > Sri Lanka Accused at United Nations  



"...Against partisans backed by the entire population, (occupying) colonial armies have only one way of escaping from the harassment which demoralizes them.... This is to eliminate the civilian population. As it is the unity of a whole people that is containing the conventional army, the only  anti-guerrilla strategy which will be effective is the destruction of that people, in other words, the civilians, women and children..."  Jean Paul Sartre 'On Genocide'

 I have been struggling in my mind against the conclusion that the SL government is trying to kill or terrorize as many Tamil people as possible; that the government is trying to keep the conditions of the war unreported internationally, because if those conditions were reported, the actions of the military would be perceived as so deplorable that foreign nations would have no choice but to condemn them. And this would be embarrassing to everybody.  But it seems now that no other conclusion is possible... " Professor Margaret Trawick . 1995

Dignity தன்மானம்,
Chandi Sinnathurai,
Dedicated to Talaivar,
30 April 2006

How long will you bomb us?
And try your best to destroy us?
Yet in the rubbles
And in the stench of death
You have created for us
We will quietly stand
We will rise up
Raise our heads to the sky
And shout Freedom

How long will you shackle us?
With your immoral laws based on apartheid views?
How long will you present us to the world
As ruthless terrorists and wild mannered beasts?
O, Cinhala friends, we don�t hate you
But it�s your hatred that has made us strong
Don�t get us wrong;
you will never break our spirit.
We will quietly stand
We will rise up
Raise our hands to the sky
And cry Freedom

How long will you rape us?
Our land and the sea, our women and children?
Katpu is something that we guard with honour
Yet with your terror you want to humiliate us�
How long will you intimidate us; shoot and kill us
Like stray dogs in our homeland?
How long will you make us to fight for our survival?
How often will you forget that we too are a proud nation?
How many times you want us to tell you?
That we too are human beings
Yet you constantly ask us
To prove our humanity!
That�s simply a proof of your arrogant vanity
We will quietly stand
We will rise up Raise our being to the sky
And whisper Thamil Eelam!

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Article 2 -

 "war crimes" means -

2 (c) In the case of an armed conflict not of an international character, serious violations of article 3 common to the four Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, namely, any of the following acts committed against persons taking no active part in the hostilities, including members of armed forces who have laid down their arms and those placed hors de combat by sickness, wounds, detention or any other cause:

 (i) Violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture;

 (ii) Committing outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment;

 (iii) Taking of hostages;

 (iv) The passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgement pronounced by a regularly constituted court, affording all judicial guarantees which are generally recognized as indispensable. ...


 (i) Intentionally directing attacks against the civilian population as such or against individual civilians not taking direct part in hostilities;

 (ii) Intentionally directing attacks against buildings, material, medical units and transport, and personnel using the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions in conformity with international law; ...

 (iv) Intentionally directing attacks against buildings dedicated to religion, education, art, science or charitable purposes, historic monuments, hospitals and places where the sick and wounded are collected, provided they are not military objectives;

 (v) Pillaging a town or place, even when taken by assault;

 (vi) Committing rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, ... enforced sterilization, and any other form of sexual violence also constituting a serious violation of article 3 common to the four Geneva Conventions; ....

 (x) Declaring that no quarter will be given; ...

Sinhala Sri Lanka's War Crimes: Genocide & State Terrorism

The Chronology: the Record Speaks...

2008-2009 - President Rajapaksa's Genocidal War '08 -'09
2001-2007 - Sri Lanka's War on Eelam Tamils in the Shadow of a Ceasefire
1995-2000 - President Chandrika Kumaratunga's Genocidal War '95 - '00
1990-1994 - President Premadasa's War Crimes
1983-1990 - President Jayawardene's War Crimes

War Crimes: Sri Lanka - Genocide

உண்மைகள் ஒருபோதும் உறங்குவதில்லை, உறங்கவும் கூடா...
Truth never sleeps - and it should not....


2008 - 2009
President Rajapaksa's Genocidal War '08 -'09... full report

Camp for Displaced Tamils - But Sri Lanka Bombs
Sri Lanka's Genocidal War on Tamil Eelam

2001 - 2007
Sri Lanka's War on Eelam Tamils in the Shadow of a Ceasefire

 "...The plan is to destabilize the Tigers, bait the group into confrontation and ultimately launch an offensive aimed at destroying the fractured Tamil movement once and for all," the analysts at Strategic Forecasting (Stratfor) said quoting unnamed sources inside the Sri Lankan government....Colombo probably hopes a renewed guerrilla war will be tempered by internal struggles and that, once weakened, the Tigers can be destroyed, the US analysts said....According to the US analysts, in the event of a renewed war �the Tigers will likely end up weaker - perhaps no longer in a position to make the demands for autonomy that helped cause the internal strife in the first place. 'On the other hand, baiting a wounded tiger could be a dangerous game',  they cautioned. Colombo promoting Karuna to destroy LTTE with tacit approval of US  says US based think tank Stratfor 

May 2007 President Rajapakse's White Van Terrorism

15 January 2007 Vaharai tragedy - An Unfolding Misery

"In violation of International Humanitarian Law (IDL) and International Human Rights Law (IHRL) the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) continues to deny Humanitarian Agencies, including the UN and ICRC, access to the 15,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the Vaharai Division of Batticaloa District in the NorthEast.  These IDPs were displaced from the Muttur, Sampoor, and Eachchilampattu Divisions of the Trincomalee District beginning in August 2006."

2 January 2007 Aerial attack on Padahuthurai, a crime against humanity

"One may wonder whether this indiscriminate killings of innocent people is the will of God. Man was created by God to live in peace, happiness and freedom. Denying freedom to anyone cannot be the will of God. To survive in this world one has to be strong. We must learn to strengthen ourselves in unity and face any hardships to gain our freedom. Let us pledge ourselves to fight for our freedom and happiness as we pay our deepest love and respect for the innocent lives robbed so cruelly,"  Rev. Fr. James Pathinathar in his address at the funeral of the Padahuthurai victims of Sri Lanka's crime against humanity

10 December 2006 Sri Lanka's President Mahinda Rajapakse's war crime in Vaharai: artillery attack on  refugee camps kills 34 Tamil women, children and civilians and wounds hundreds

19 November 2006 38,000 Tamils face starvation in Vaharai, humanitarian disaster imminent - Sampanthan

 "...Under human rights law, there is a recognised right to adequate and available food......whatever the full contours and permeations of the right to food might be, it is clear that it constitutes a violation of the human rights law to deny adequate food to a given population. Moreover, it would be especially unlawful and egregious to deny the right to adequate food as government tactic to control certain persons or as a weapon of war. The most egregious violations include denials of food and medicine or medical supplies, especially for children.� If food is likely to be used by both the general population and enemy combatants, the destruction or denial of food, in circumstances where one can reasonably foresee that the general population will suffer, will necessarily involve the indiscriminate use of food as a weapon. [these] denials also violate related prohibitions under the laws of war, and constitute serious war crimes... Fear of food falling into the hands of enemy combatants is not an excuse for denying food to the civilians... It is time for the international community to recognise that, in addition to medicine and medical supplies, food should always be treated as neutral property during an armed conflict. Because of highly predictable consequences, both short term and long term, food should never be used as a weapon of war. ."  Professor Jordan J. Paust, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, May �98

8 November 2006

Vaharai 8 November 2006

"scores of civilians were killed Wednesday around 11:35 a.m. when Sri Lanka Army fired Multi-Barrel Rockets and artillery shells targeting Kathiraveli, a coastal hamlet 15 km north of Vaaharai, hit a school where five thousand Internally Displaced People had sought refuge. 40 dead bodies have been recovered. Six babies below 6-month were killed, said medical sources stating that 30 dead bodies had been brought to Vaaharai hospital. SLMM officials and the ICRC visited the area where more than 120 houses were severely damaged. An area with 2 km perimeter was indiscriminately bombed. 60 severely wounded civilians were brought to Valaichenai hospital. 2 civilians succumbed to their wounds while being transferred to Valaichenai."


2 November 2006

Killinochchi, 2 November 2006

"On 2  November 2006, scarcely three days after Sri Lanka's pledge in Geneva that it will not launch any military offensive, the Sri Lankan air force launched an attack on the town of Killinochchi which lies in the area of control of the LTTE  within lines of control recognised by the 2002 Ceasefire Agreement."

29 August 2006 Tamil Child in the VanniSri Lanka Para militaries abduct 7 Staff Members of the Tamils Rehabilitation Organisation, a Registered Charity and 8 months later,  Sinhala Sri Lanka government freezes its bank accounts "Humanitarian assistance to the recently displaced people of the NorthEast by local NGOs, INGOs and even UN agencies has now been effectively shut down by the actions of members of the Sri Lankan security forces. Currently, due to the pullout of most international agencies from the NorthEast, TRO is one of a handful of organizations assisting those recently displaced by war. TRO wishes to categorically state that the current humanitarian situation in the NorthEast of Sri Lanka is reaching a critical stage. There is a desperate need, recognized by all who are involved in humanitarian work, which the international community is being prevented from responding to effectively. The timing of this action by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka with callous disregard to its consequences truly shocks not only the TRO staff but also the Tamil Diaspora community."
14 August 2006 Sri Lanka Air force kills 61 school children and wounds 129,  14 August 2006

Vallipunam, 14 August 2006 in Streaming Video

"Sixty-three schoolgirls in children's home, killed in airstrike,
screamed headlines on websites,
mind goes numb and blank and suddenly the world makes no sense
when children's lives are snuffed out with such cruelty and ease..."

5 August 2006 Sri Lanka Army massacres 15 NGO workers
Sri Lanka aid group says 15 tsunami staff executed

Muthur, 5 August 2006

"...security forces had been present in Muttur at the time of the killings... the government had prevented the truce monitors from going to the crime scene to investigate immediately after the discovery of the bodies and ...confidential conversations with highly reliable sources had pointed to the culpability of security forces... The Security Forces of Sri Lanka are widely and consistently deemed to be responsible for the incident... the killings are one of the most serious recent crimes against humanitarian aid workers worldwide... Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission, 30 August 2006


19 June 2006

Pessalai, 19 June 2006

" Today we buried the six  Tamil civilians [Manaval Claramma Leela (75, Jesuthasan Jude Nixon (23), Cyrilappar St.Jude (22)  Turairaja Vijekumar (39), Kodalingham Linganathan (20), Abdul Raheem Latheep (28) Mary Medaline (27)] murdered by the (Sri Lanka)  Navy at Pesalai yesterday by shooting them through their mouths and blowing off their heads and I spoke of Jesus Christ cruelly crucified and his Eternal words �Father forgive them for they do not know what they do�.

8 June 2006

Vankalai - 8 June 2006

"SLA soldiers armed with bayonets and knives entered the house of a family of four and slaughtered 35-year-old father, 27-year-old mother, 9-year-old daughter and 7-year-old son Thursday midnight in Vankalai, 12 km southeast of Mannar."

13 May 2006 Baby of four months and a 4-year-old child, among 9 Tamils  murdered by Sri Lanka Navy troopers in Mandaithivu, Jaffna  Murdered: Ketheeswaran Yathursan (4 months), Ketheeswaran Thanushkanth (4), Palachamy Ketheeswaran (25), Ketheeswaran Anex Ester (23), Abraham Robinson (28), Sellathurai Amalathas (28), Kanesh Navaratnam (50) , Joseph Anthonymuttu ,(64) Sinnathurai Sivanesan(46), Murugesu Shanmugalingam (72), S Kantharoopan (29), Shanmugalingam Parameswari (65), Ratnam Senthuran (38)

27 April 2006  Brian Senewiratne, a Sinhalese from Australia - Sri Lanka Bombs its Own People
  "This is not an Appeal, nor a Plea � humanitarian or otherwise. It is to apprise foreign Governments, the international media, religious leaders, NGOs, leaders of civic society and people outside Sri Lanka, of what is going on in that country. It is not a request for help or intervention. I am merely presenting the facts to the outside world and my sympathy to a devastated people in Trincomalee... I am attaching some photographs mailed from Trincomalee on 26 April 2006. If you find them shocking, I tender no apology. It is time the world was shocked by what is going on behind the closed doors of Sri Lanka. " more

27 April 2006 International Federation of Tamils calls upon the International Community to condemn and censure Sri Lanka's war crime & gross breach of  the CFA

"..Neither party to the CFA has a right to adopt retaliatory measures. The parties must report any violation to the SLMM for appropriate action or give two weeks' notice to terminate the agreement. Defying this stipulation, unilaterally commencing a retaliatory attack is a gross breach of the CFA. In addition, the attack by government forces on civilian targets, causing death and extensive damage to civilian property, making people destitute is a humanitarian violation and is a war crime under Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Article 2 ( c ) and 2(e). International Humanitarian Law does not permit warring parties to attack civilian targets and civilian lives. The "retaliatory action" directed on civilian targets in Trincomalee-Batticaloa areas on 25-26 April are the actions of a terrorist state intent on terrorising the Tamil people into submission..." more

26 April 2006 Sri Lankan Air force bombs Muthur - D.B.S.Jeyaraj

"..Many areas in the region are virtually a sea of rubble after the intensive attack. Apart from bombs dropped in six different air force sorties, there were at least 80 shells by the Navy and over 160 shells by the Army. Rescue work is currently underway and many of the affected houses, dwellings and other buildings are yet to be cleared. The casualty toll may go up when all the debris and rubble are cleared.The areas affected are Sampur. Muthur, Senaiyoor, Kadatkaraichenai, Kattaiparichhaan, Iraalkuli, Soodaikkudaa, Ilakkanthai, Santhoshapuram, Paattaalipuram, Koonitheevu and Uppaaru. These villages are in Muthur East and largely adjacent to the coast.People have fled their homes and sought refuge in the Muthur division interior areas after the attack. Massive displacement has occurred. 43, 158 people from 10, 718 families are currently displaced in Trincomalee district. The bulk of these are from the Muthur region.. A human tragedy may occur if their needs are not met on time..." more

26 April 2006 Urgent Appeal by TRO for Internally Displaced (to ICRC, UNHCR, Bilateral and Multilateral donors) for humanitarian assistance to the War IDPs.
 "..Thousands of persons from Ralkuli, Kadakaraichchenai, Senaiyoor, Sampoor, Ilakkanthai, Sudaikuda, Paddalipuram and Upparu in the Trincomalee district have been displaced due to the ongoing air, sea, and ground attacks by the Security Forces of Government of Sri Lanka. The IDPs affected by the previous week�s communal violence are also streaming into LTTE controlled areas from the government controlled areas. The number of IDPs has passed the 30,000 mark and continues to rise. Due to extensive and continuous shelling and bombing the relief and rescue efforts are being severely hampered and travel to the affected areas to carry out humanitarian work has been nearly impossible..."
26 April 2006 Fifteen thousand Tamils in Muttur east flee for safety

"..More than fifteen thousand Tamil people of about four thousand and five hundred families from Chenaiyoor, Kaddaiparichchan, Koonitheivu, Soodaikuda, Kadatkaraichenai, Santhoshapuram and several hamlets in the Muttur east Wednesday morning gathered in the village Pattalipuram in Muttur east fearing of more air strike and artillery fire. These families started walking toward Pattalipuram while SLAF Kfir jet resumed its bombing  26 April, Wednesday  early morning.." more

26 April 2006 12 bodies of civilians recovered from Muttur east

"..Initial reports from Muttur east in Trincomalee district 26 April, Wednesday morning said at least twelve bodies of Tamil civilians including men, women and children killed in Tuesday evening air strike by Kfir jets, and artillery attack by Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) and Sri Lanka Army (SLA) were recovered from Muttur east area. More casualties are expected from Tuesday attack by government troops, a NGO source in the affected area said. Five bodies have been identified as belonging to K. Meiyan and his two year old son Meiyan Kishanthan, Ms Nagiah Rukmani, Ms Pathiniyan Nagamma and Ms Veerapathiran Pagawathipillai. All were from Sampoor, Muttur east, according to civil sources.

The Sri Lanka Air Force (SLAF) launched air strike on several villages in the LTTE held Muttur east village Tuesday evening following the bomb attack on Lt.General Sarath Fonseka, Commander of the Sri Lanka Army (SLA) in Colombo.

Three-pronged attack launched by the SLA, SLAF and Sri Lanka Navy on Muttur east villages commenced around 5.30 evening Tuesday ceased around 10 p.m. in the night. But the attack resumed around midnight Tuesday for about an hour, civil sources said.

Groups of people searching for causalities in the Tuesday attacks said at least twelve bodies of Tamil civilians were recovered so far. The death toll is expected to increase. Large number of injured is seeking treatment in Sampoor government hospital where acute shortage medical facilities prevail, sources said."

26 April 2006 Sri Lanka Armed Forces Attack on Civilian Population Centres Continued For Second Day; 13 Dead; Many wounded

"Bodies of 12 victims, all Tamils were counted so far in Kadatkaraichenai, Kaddaiparichaan, Senaiyoor and Eachilampatrai. Bodies of women and children were also found among the dead. Many are wounded. Damage to property is extensive. In the air-attack on a Muslim village in Muthur, a Muslim was killed and 9 wounded. On Tuesday alone, the SL Forces had bombed at least in 150 places."

25 April 2006 Tamil Population Centres in Trincomalee Are Under Non-Stop Bombardment

"The armed Forces of Sri Lanka - Army, Navy and Air Force are conducting a joint-non-stop attack on Tamil civilian areas in Trincomalee. Dr. Kohona, the Director-General of the Sri Lanka government Peace Secretariat said the navy shelling and air strikes should not be counted as violation of CFA. He called it a fair reply to the suicide bomb blast earlier in the day in Colombo (on a military target). Condoning the attack on Sampur and adjoining villages in Trincomalee... the Sri Lanka Peace Secretariat boss called the attack by state armed forces on its unarmed civilians, justifiable...  The International community, neighbouring India and the so-called Co-Chairs and the Diplomatic community in Colombo have not thundered "Halt!" nor denounced the violation of the humanitarian laws of armed conflict by the Sri Lanka State." more

"war crimes" means - Intentionally directing attacks against the civilian population as such or against individual civilians not taking direct part in hostilities..." Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Article 2(e)(i)

19 April 2006 Five Tamil civilians shot and killed by SLA soldiers in Puthur East, Jaffna

Sri Lanka Army (SLA) soldiers shot and killed five Tamil civilians Tuesday night close to an SLA 51-1 Division camp located at Vatharavathai, 13 km north-east of Jaffna. The soldiers took the five civilians, a Municipal Council official, an electrical mechanic, a farmer and two auto-rikshaw drivers, into their camp and later brought them out to an open terrain and gunned them down, villagers said. A terror-campaign, let loose on the civilians in Puthur in October 2005, when the villagers spoiled a rape attempt by the soldiers, triggered a series of Claymore attacks in Jaffna. Tuesday's killings come a few hours after Australia commending Colombo for "not retaliating in kind."

20 January 2006 Sri Lanka Paramilitaries abduct. rape and murderTamil staff members of Tamils Rehabilitation Organization (TRO) in Welikande/Batticaloa

1995 - 2000
President Chandrika Kumaratunga's Genocidal War '95 - '00
September 2000 Sri Lanka's relentless use of food & medicine as weapons of war, September 2000... 

"the intentional withholding of medicine and medical supplies from LTTE controlled areas  is a clear violation of common Article 3 and is a war crime." Professor Jordan J. Paust

July 2000 British Members of European Parliament strongly criticise Sri Lanka's human rights record ...

"The MEPs, Richard Howitt and Robert Evans, say the government has not done enough to protect civilians caught up in the war against Tamil Tiger rebels and is covering up their suffering. The men accuse the authorities of implementing an oppressive press-censorship policy and of not allowing essential supplies, including baby food and medicine, to be distributed in areas controlled by the Tamil Tigers..."

June 2000 More than five hundred civilian casualties due to bombing and shelling by Sri Lankan security forces says Mannar Bishop
"I am given to understand that the attitude of the armed forces is that " it is better to kill the people than allow them to go into the LTTE controlled areas". "
May 2000 UNHCR says Sri Lanka ignored ceasefire notice to allow Tamil civilians to leave conflict zone...
April 2000 Humanitarian Law Project accuses Sri Lanka of hostage taking ...

"International Educational Development/Humanitarian Law Project requests that the Commission take immediate steps to secure the release of 5114 Tamil women, children and elderly who are trapped in St. Mary�s Church and school at Kilali near the Sri Lankan Army�s (the SLA) Elephant Pass military base. ..We fear that the SLA is trying to use them as human shields. We consider this action by the SLA to be "hostage-taking" under the Geneva Conventions and hence a serious violation of humanitarian law. If they are killed in the course of the armed conflict, the SLA would be the chargeable party based on its refusal to let them flee..."

September 1999 International Red Cross deplores Sri Lanka bombing of Tamil civilian centres.
"..Twenty one Tamil civilians were killed and 35 wounded when the air force carried out a bombing raid in northeastern Sri Lanka, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said Thursday (16 September 1999). Fifteen civilians, including women and children, died during the attack while another six died in hospital in the district of Mullaitivu on Wednesday, an ICRC spokesman in Colombo said. He said the bombs fell just two kilometres away from the ICRC office in the district of Mullaitivu. "We can confirm that 21 civilians were killed consequent to the air strike at Manthuvil junction," the spokesman said. "The ICRC deplores the fact that the air strikes were carried out in a civilian area." 
July 1999 Sinhala Army sacks Tamil village in Mannar...
June 1999 Heavy army shelling causes humanitarian crisis in the Vanni...
April 1999 Indiscriminate shelling of Tamil villages continues...
In a letter to President Chandrika, Batticaloa MP Joseph Pararajasingham says, "despite many written complaints to her, indiscriminate shelling of populated areas continues. According to reports, 75 civilians were killed and over 185 were injured in 1998 in security force attacks."
December 1998 Sri Lanka army uses Tamil villagers as forced labour...
November 1998 Sri Lanka uses Tamils as human shields

"Sri Lanka is using civilians as a human shield for transporting troops and materials to and from the war zone, a Tamil parliamentarian alleged ... The government thinks security personnel may have more cover if they are transported with civilians in the same ship or aircraft. "

October 1998 Cuts in food, fuel & medicine result in humanitarian crisis...
July 1998 Sri Lanka uses food and medicine as weapons of war...
June 1998 Food Aid to Tamil areas slashed says British Refugee Council
9 June 1998 Sri Lanka bombs Tamil villages under cover of new Press censorship

"On 9 June, under cover of the press censorship, Sri Lanka launched a calculated bombing raid on Tamil villages in the Mullaitivu District... The attack launched by Sri Lanka follows an earlier pattern. On 22 September 1996, the Sri Lanka airforce bombed the Nagar Kovil school within hours of Sri Lanka imposing a Press Censorship. The British Refugee Council, Sri Lanka Monitor commented on that occasion: "Hours after the Sri Lanka government imposed military censorship on press reporting ... on 21 September, aircraft bombed a Jaffna school yard crammed with 750 children on their lunch break, killing 34 and seriously injuring over 150 others"

May 1998 Collective Penalties & Systematic State Terrorism are War Crimes
May 1998 Denial of Food & Medicine - a War Crime says Professor Paust

"Are the denial of adequate and available food and the denial of adequate and available medicine and medical supplies violations of human rights law? This Essay demonstrates that such denials are not only violations, but are quite serious violations of basic human rights. Such denials of food or medicine and medical supplies tend to be among the most egregious types of human rights violations, since those who can least afford to suffer tend to be victims... As the authoritative commentary by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC} adds, the duty to respect and protect the wounded and sick is "a categorical imperative which cannot be restricted.  Therefore, the intentional withholding of medicine and medical supplies from LTTE controlled areas, as recognised by the State Department, is a clear violation of common Article 3 and a war crime. "

April 1998 Sri Lanka restricts food and medicine to Tamil villages  - April 1998
November 1997 Sri Lanka airforce bombs Pooneryn & kills Tamils
November 1997 Sinhala Army runs forced labour camp for Tamils
July 1997 '80% of houses in Jaffna damaged' - British Refugee Council Report
"..Military operations have damaged 80% of the 176,300 houses in the peninsula. Over 17,000 houses have been completely destroyed.... A number of houses and schools are occupied by the Army. People complain that a large number of trees, including coconut and palmyrah trees providing livelihood, are being cut down for military use..."
June 1997 Sri Lanka army shells refugee camp in Batticaloa...
February 1997 Tamil cultivable lands and crops destroyed by Sri Lanka troops
February 1997 Mass exodus as Tamil villages shelled again - Operation Edibala

"Another humanitarian crisis is looming as Sri Lankan forces shell and aerial-bomb Tamil border villages on the edges of Vavuniya and Mannar districts in their latest offensive. Heavy artillery fire is raining down on a number of villages causing civilians to flee in massive waves.."

February 1997 Indiscriminate artillery shelling of Tamil villages: September 1996 - February 1997
June 1996 Sri Lanka uses food and medicine as weapons of war
28 April 1996 "Sri Lanka is trying to kill or terrorise as many Tamil people as possible" - Professor Margaret Trawick
I have been struggling in my mind against the conclusion that the SL government is trying to kill or terrorize as many Tamil people as possible; that the government is trying to keep the conditions of the war unreported internationally, because if those conditions were reported, the actions of the military would be perceived as so deplorable that foreign nations would have no choice but to condemn them. And this would be embarrassing to everybody.  But it seems now that no other conclusion is possible... "
April 1996 Sri Lanka gunships attack Tamil civilians fleeing arrival of  Sinhala Sri Lankan Army
April 1996 Sri Lanka Kfir jets kill Tamil civilians in Jaffna peninsula...
"When we first head the noise of the jets, we ran into the air-raid shelters which had been dug into the ground. Two bombs exploded near our bunker. I fainted. When I regained consciousness, I found my father had had his head blown off. My sister's body had been torn apart and pieces of her child were near by. "
March 1996 Helicopter gunships attack and kill Tamil civilians in the East
"Seventeen Tamil civilians, mostly children and the aged were killed by Sri Lanka helicopter gunships on 16 March 1996 in the village of Nachchikuda in the East. About sixty were seriously injured..."
29 December 1995 Sri Lanka's attack was actually a 'steamrollering' and destroying says Indian General Kalkat

 "...you are actually steamrollering through the area. Step by step. Do a certain distance first, then clean up, converge on the next one. Any building from which resistance comes or where there is likely to be resistance, bring it down with air bombing or with tank fire. You clean up. But then as you pass -- you're leaving behind rubble as you go. So that was the other problem for which they have resorted to censorship so that this doesn't come out. .. they have made sure that there is no adverse publicity (world opinion, the press, doesn't know what is happening there, because it's all controlled). .."

3 October 1995 Sri Lanka army shells densely populated Tamil villages
"The military's artillery shell machine at Neerveli was switched on at 3.00 AM. on the 29th, and the frequency of shelling (sometimes four to six shells were blasted within a single minute) was so frightening that most of the staff ran for its safety to the University that was already crowded with people rushing from Uduvil, Marutanamadam, Enuvil, Urumpurai, Urelu, Kokkuvil, Kondavil, Kulappiddy and other villages of the Valigamam area. A Supersonic and two Puccara bombers began encircling the Tirunelveli-Kondavil area and suddenly began to fire rockets, the impact of which was like a powerful strike of lightening and thunder.More than ten persons died in and around Tirunelveli, among them three children belonging to one family..."
22 September 1995 Nagerkoil School bombed under cover of press censorship asys British Refugee Council

"Hours after the Sri Lanka government imposed military censorship on press reporting of its bitter and unpredictable war... on 21 September, aircraft bombed a Jaffna school yard crammed with 750 children on their lunch break, killing 34 and seriously injuring over 150 others. Two surgeons from French medical agency Medecins Sans Frontierers (MSF) worked through the night at Point Pedro's Manthikai hospital carrying out 22 amputations, four cases of both legs. Ten of the amputees were under 12. The LTTe says 71 Tamil civilians were killed in bombing raids in Nagarkoil and Vadamaratchy areas in a 24 hour period. Military sources first denied the attack then claimed Nagaroil was a Sea Tiger base where LTTE cadre had gathered to honour Tiger martyr Thileepan..  Civilians are unidentifiable from the air - unless perhaps there are 750 of them all dressed in spotless white school uniforms."

12 July 1995 Sri Lanka armed forces contravened Geneva Convention says NGO

"..Bombing by high flying supersonic jets continue to cause considerable civilian casualties� Sustained shelling from the Palaly army camp has compelled tens of thousands of Tamils to leave their homes. Several houses have been flattened. At the sametime the Sri Lanka Government has imposed an economic blockade on the transport of goods to the Tamil homeland including essential food items and medical supplies.The actions of the Sri Lanka armed forces are a clear contravention of the Geneva Convention relating to non international armed conflicts.."

9 July 1995 St.Peters Church in Navaly bombed with refugees inside

"Having dropped leaflets asking the people to move to places of worship the Sri Lanka air force there after attacked the places of worship where Tamil civilians had sought refuge. St.Peters Church and St.Peters School in Navaly at a great distance away from the line of battle and where hundreds had sought shelter was deliberately bombed on 9 July 1995." "Thirteen babies were among the 65 dead found under the rubble of a Catholic church bombed by the Sri Lankan air force, an International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) official said.."

 9 July 1995 Heavy advance bombardment of Tamil villages and towns
"Indiscriminate and continual night shelling on 9, 10 and 11 July of Kokuvil, Thalayady, Maruthanamadam, Thavadi, Uduvil, Manipay, Anaicottai, Sangarathai, Vaddukodai, and Navaly areas led tens of thousands of Tamil civilians to evacuate their homes. During certain periods shells were fired at the rate of almost one per minute... During the first six days of the onslaught, 245 Tamil civilians including almost one hundred women and children were killed"
June 1995 Army fired indiscriminately into Tamil village says Amnesty
June 1995 Sinhala Army compels Tamil civilians to act as human mine detectors
"The Batticaloa (Tamil) civilians are being used as Claymore mine detectors by the (Sri Lanka) forces. The farmers in the Vantharamulla area are being forced to walk ahead of the soldiers and sometimes even asked to dig with bare hands for buried mines, the Batticaloa TULF M.P. K.Thuraisingham told the 'Sunday Leader'. "On the 2nd of May I complained to Brigadier Igadagolla who is in charge of the Kalkudah district about these human rights violations... Also some farmers reported to me that they were forced to feel the ground for hidden mines through a hooked wire, a routine task for the soldier..."
May 1995 Thatched huts burnt with Tamil civilians inside
May 1995 Arbitrary embargo on essential food and medicine to the Tamil homeland
"Reports say 116 people died in the Jaffna hospital in the Jaffna Hospital, the majority of septicaemia. Only a fraction of the 300 lorry loads of food required for 200,000 people has reached Killinochchi District and reports say the GA has no reserve food stocks. Kerosene is hard to obtain even at a high price." - British Refugee Council Publication, Sri Lanka Monitor
April 1995 Sustained shelling compelled thousands of Tamil civilians to flee their homes

"Sustained shelling from Sri Lanka Army Camps in the North has compelled over 5000 Tamil civilians to evacuate from their homes in Panipulam and Chulipuram. In these areas many houses have been badly damaged..."

1990 - 1994
President Premadasa's War Crimes
November 1993/
March 1994
Hospitals bombed in Tamil Homeland
"..On 12 November 1993, at about 2.30 p.m. Sri Lankan supersonic jets bombed the safety zone around the Jaffna Hospital. The bombs were dropped within 50 yards of the main entrance to the Hospital. This area is under ICRC control. Doors, windows and tiles of the Hospital were broken and fell in pieces. The outer wall of the OPD came tumbling down. Glass shutters of some vehicles within the hospital were shattered. Two security guards of the hospital, a Red Cross volunteer worker, and an infant in the hands of a woman who rushed into the hospital for safety were injured..."
November 1993/
January 1994
Sri Lanka Airforce targets Tamil civilian population, March 1994 
"Following the overrunning of the Pooneryn camp by the LTTE on 11 November 1993, on the morning of 12 November at about 8.30 a.m. Sri Lanka supersonic planes bombed the Jaffna Secretariat premises. The first bomb hit the Kacheri and splinters caused injury to Mr.K.Manickavasagar, the Government Agent who was at his desk attending to his duties. As the shrapnel hit Mr.Manickavasagar he ran out of his room and down the stairs to reach the lower floor..."
December 1993
Sri Lanka Airforce Bombs Schools in Jaffna

"..On Friday, 26 November Sri Lanka Airforce jet dropped two bombs at Kalasalai Road in Thirunelvely. The houses of Sivapatham and Vijayaratnam were badly damaged. Immediately after this attack the supersonic jet targeted the Sri Ramakrishna Saratha Ladies College in Kokuvil. The Vice Principal of the school , Mrs. T.Sri Pathmanathan, a teacher and some students, six in all, were injured. The Science laboratory was damaged..."

December 1993 Sri Lanka airforce strafes Tamil villages
"..At about 8.40 a.m on Monday, 28 December 1993, two Sri Lanka Airforce bombers dropped five bombs in Alampil, a village in the Manal Aru area. Five houses were damaged. The Multi Purpose Coop Society building was completely destroyed. Siyamani Komala (aged 4) and her brother Siyamani Theepan (aged 12) were killed. Another young girl Priya (aged 18) was also killed by the attack. Siyamani Jayaranjani (aged 8), a sister of the deceased Komala and Theepan, and who was taken to the Killinochchi Hospital, later succumbed to her injuries and died..."
December 1993 Churches and Temples Bombed
"On 13 November , Sri Lankan supersonic bombers attacked St.James Church at Gurunagar at about 7.30 a.m. St.James is one of the largest and oldest Roman Catholic churches in Jaffna. The church was completely destroyed. A nursery school nearby, two shops and ten houses in the neighbourhood were also destroyed. Ten persons were killed and over 30 injured. Of the dead three belonged to the same family. The bodies of the dead were torn and charred. The blown up parts of all the bodies were collected and buried together. "
17 November 1993 "This is organised State terrorism" say Bishop D.J.Ambalavanar, Bishop Thomas Saundranayagam , and Nallai Thiru Sampandar Atheenam

'We religious leaders from the North, belonging to the Hindu, Christian and Catholic religions... strongly protest against the actions of the Sri Lankan Air Force which seems guided by the sole motive of revenge and striking terror among the Tamil people.Following on the recent Pooneryn operations, the Air Force has used its supersonic bombers to bomb the Jaffna Secretariat killing and injuring several. The Government Agent of Jaffna, Mr.K.Manickavasagar being one of those injured. It has bombed a place of worship, the St.James Catholic Church in Main Street, Jaffna destroying that large and venerated house of God and killing and injuring several innocent citizens. It has dropped its bombs within the protected zone around the Jaffna General Hospital damaging the hospital and striking panic among the patients and the public. We have reports that the hospitals in Killinochchi and Mulaitivu have also been bombed. The market block in Chavakachcheri has also been bombed and destroyed..."

September 1993 200 Tamils civilians killed in air and navy attacks in 1993 alone

"... Over 200 have been killed in air and navy attacks this year. In one attack in January which killed 50, a man feigned death while sailors boarded boats mutilating dead bodies to steal jewellery. Another 17 people drowned in August when their boat capsized during shelling. Defence sources in Colombo usually describe the attacks as clashes with the LTTE.''

July 1993 Over 1,000 Tamil civilians killed in the three years bombing of Jaffna says British Refugee Council

'"Daily life in Jaffna is conditioned by the distant drone of aircraft engines and the run to the bunkers behind almost every house...Over 1,000 civilians have been killed in the three years bombing of Jaffna and almost 1,500 have died from gruesome injuries. Another 1,000 children died needlessly in 1992 because Jaffna hospitals lack basic drugs and medical equipment to save them� "

21 July 1991 On the use of Governmental Aggression to Suppress a Minority's Quest for Self Determination - Deanne Hodgin

"..Last summer (1990),  I spent five weeks in Sri Lanka reporting on the civil war in the North and East. I am not a scholar of Sub continental politics or history, nor am I a think tank or development agency intellectual -- my work is more a glorified form of visiting with people than anything so respectable. When in Afghanistan, Kashmir, Amritsar and the Middle East, my job description has been amended to visiting with people who are fighting for independence. In my work, I have seen horrific torture, beatings, bombings and shootings, but nothing so terrible as I witnessed in Sri Lanka last year. "

28 June 1990 Sri Lanka bombs Jaffna Hospital & other Tamil civilian centres

"The Sri Lankan government has begun bombing and machine gunning civilians in Jaffna and other cities in the Tamil dominated north after its failure to contain the rebels from the ground. The attacks began before dawn on Monday, a day of intensive fighting. Bombers and Bell helicopter gunships flew sorties of and on throught the day until 9 p.m. The government forces have been sporadically bombing the outskirts of the city for several days but Monday was the first time the centre was the target .." Christopher Lockwood, reporting in the Independent

1983 - 1990
President Jayawardene's War Crimes
28 January 1987 Kokkadaicholai Massacre,  1987
19 February 1986 Akkaraipattu Massacre, 1986
19 January 1986 Iruthayapuram Massacre, 1986
22 September 1985 Fifty two Tamil  villages razed to the ground in  Trincomalee district in the last two months by Sri Lankan armed forces

"Fifty two villages have been destroyed in the Trincomalee district in the last two months by the Sri Lankan armed forces according to an eyewitness who fled the country. The middle aged person who claims that he was helped by the Sri Lankan Government to escape from Trincomalee, told PTI many shops and houses in the district had been razed to the ground rendering thousands of Tamils homeless in the Government's bid to "drive away Tamils from the strategic port town of Trincomalee". The person, a non Tamil belonging to a group settled in Trincomalee for generations who wanted to be anonymous said he fled from the town following the ghastly attack by the Sri Lankan Home Guards on September 4 in Trincomalee town. Virtually, the entire town was wiped out in the attack driving away.."

18 August 1985 Tiriyai Massacre 1985
15 May 1985 Kumithini Massacre 1985
28 March 1985 Chunnakam Massacre 1984



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