Tamils - a Trans State Nation..

"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."
Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

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Home > Tamils - a Trans State Nation > Struggle for Tamil Eelam > Indictment against Sri Lanka > Sri Lanka's Shadow War '02 to '07: Introduction & Index > the Record Speaks....

The Charge is Ethnic Cleansing

Sri Lanka's Undeclared War on Eelam Tamils
...in the Shadow of the Ceasefire: 2002 - 2007

Murdered: Ketheeswaran Yathursan (4 months), Ketheeswaran Thanushkanth (4), Palachamy Ketheeswaran (25), Ketheeswaran Anex Ester (23), Abraham Robinson (28), Sellathurai Amalathas (28), Kanesh Navaratnam (50) , Joseph Anthonymuttu ,(64) Sinnathurai Sivanesan(46), Murugesu Shanmugalingam (72), S Kantharoopan (29), Shanmugalingam Parameswari (65), Ratnam Senthuran (38)

".... suffering in common unifies.. Where national memories are concerned, griefs are of more value than triumphs, for they impose duties, and require a common effort. A nation is therefore a large-scale solidarity, constituted by the feeling of the sacrifices that one has made in the past and of those that one is prepared to make in the future..."  What is a nation? - Ernest Renan, 1882

1. The Facts - TamilNet, 13 May 2006
2. Additional Reporting - LTTE Peace Secretariat, 14 May 2006
3. அல்லைப்பிட்டியில் நடந்த படுகொலைச் சம்பவ படங்கள்
4. MP saddened by UNICEF, UNHCR's silence on Children's killing
5. SLMM's delay in publicizing evidence aids killing spree
6. Sri Lanka Navy - EPDP kill thirteen civilians in Allaipiddy-Velanai, D.B.S.Jeyaraj, 16 May 2006

"The (international) monitors - God bless them all - are investigating! Let us all hope that the SLMM comes out forcefully and fast with a statement!!.. What is happening now in parts of the North - East is unadulterated state terror. ..The Allaipiddy massacre and Velanai violence has sent shock waves down all decent people who came to know of it.. It was committed the day after Vesak. Mahinda Rajapakse has once again promised a full investigation. The world is keen to know the fate of his earlier full investigations like the murder of five Tamil youths in Trincomalee...It is customary to end articles of this type with the appeal that justice should be done and the culprits be punished. In the Sri Lanka of Mahinda and Gothabhaya Rajapakse that is not likely to happen..."

7. Silent Complicity: International Silence is Encouraging Killings says Tamil Guardian

"...Some Tamils suspect the international community is allowing Colombo a space to terrorise the rebellious minority into pressuring the Tigers to be more accommodative. Such logic ignores the history of the conflict. Indeed, Tamil media report a sudden flood of recruits to the Tigers, rather than a flurry of petitions..."

Amnesty International condemns killings, 16 May 2006

"..The LTTE has accused the Sri Lanka Navy of responsibility for the attacks on Kayts Island, a charge which the Navy has denied. However, Amnesty International has received credible reports that Sri Lanka Navy personnel and armed cadres affiliated with the Eelam People�s Democratic Party, a Tamil political party that is opposed to the LTTE, were present at the scene of the killings. The government in turn has suggested that the LTTE orchestrated the attack in order �to divert international opinion�.

9. Rest in Peace: Look what the peace talkers have done! - Rev Father Chandi Sinnathurai

Look what the peace talkers have done!
Much could be understood
From that which is not said..
We shall take control of our very own destiny
We shall rule our land and the sea...
Upon our dead we promise�
As long as we live... more

10. Allaipiddy families vacate village

11. Judge assails Allaipiddy investigations as cover-up

12. SL Police delay in Allaipiddy investigations unacceptable- Judge

Kayts district court Judge, Mr. Jeyaraman Trotsky accused the Sri Lanka Police of attempting to derail the investigations into the Allaipiddy killings in Jaffna islets, when the case was taken up at the Kayts Court Tuesday, legal sources said. Judge Trotsky in the earlier hearings gave 15 days extension to the special Committee lead by Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) level officer Mahes Perera to submit a report detailing the investigations into the killings. Mr Mahesh Perera, instead, sent a letter to the judge citing reasons for the inability to submit the report and did not appear in Court, legal sources in Jaffna said. more

12. Massacres of Tamils by Sri Lanka Armed Forces - a Consistent Pattern

Mandaithivu massacre is the latest of a long series of massacres of Tamil civilians by the Sri Lanka armed forces and the Sri Lanka para military. The Record speaks...

The Facts... [TamilNet, May 13, 2006 16:10 GMT]

Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) troopers from Mandaithivu Sri Lanka Navy camp surrounded a civilian house in Allaipiddy in Mandaithivu islet, west of Jaffna, around 8:30 p.m. Saturday 13 May and opened fire killing 8 civilians, including a four months baby and a four year old son, and their parents on the spot. Three persons with serious wounds were rushed to Jaffna hospital after Jaffna district magistrate ordered the Police to provide security to an ambulance from Jaffna hospital, medical sources said. One of the wounded succumbed to his wounds at Jaffna hospital. 13 civilians were killed in Jaffna islets on Saturday alone.

Palachamy Ketheeswaran, 25, his wife, Ketheeswaran Anex Ester, 23, four-years old Ketheeswaran Thanushkanth and the baby at four months, Ketheeswaran Yathursan, were the victims of a family in the massacre.

Abraham Robinson, 28, father of three, Sellathurai Amalathas, 28, father of one, Kanesh Navaratnam, 50, father of four, and Joseph Anthonymuttu, 64, father of five, were the other victims killed on the spot.

Sinnathurai Sivanesan, 46, succumbed to his wounds at Jaffa Hospital. The wounded persons were identified as S. Mohanambikai, 46, a female, and T. Sellathurai, 61. 

Sri Lanka Navy sources in Mandaithivu claimed Saturday night that they were attacked with grenades and opened fire at the attackers. Only four have died according to the SLN. This claim was later denied by the SLN sources in Colombo.

However, civilian sources said, 8 persons, including the baby and the four years old child were massacred by the Sri Lanka Navy troopers. The was no grenade attack, according to them. Relatives said that SLN troopers had harassed the joint-famility and demanded their 2 story building, for military use, a few weeks ago. The request was politely turned down by the family.

Allaipiddy is located on the causeway from Jaffna towards islets of Velani and Kayts through Pannai bridge. After Mandaitivu, past the abandoned alluminum factory, lies the large Sri Lanka Navy garrison, 500 meters from Allaipiddy.

  Additional Reporting by  LTTE Peace Secretariat, 14 May 2006

Only a week ago, in Allaipiddy, a 74 year old man was shot, point blank, by Sri Lankan Navy while he begged not to shoot him. His daughter gave evidence to the judge. Terrorized civilians have started to sleep in numbers, vainly hoping that it will give them some protection. The two story home of Sellathurai Amalathas close to the Allaipiddi PhilipNeri�s church was one of these homes where people gathered at night for protection.

The incident

On the night of 13 May  the Sri Lankan Navy ordered all the vehicles to stop and switch off the lights. At the same time paramilitary men went around in motorbikes ordering people in the area to switch off the lights in their homes.

Sri Lankan Navy gunmen entered the home of Sellathurai Amalathas and began their preplanned executions. The bullets had no difficulty in finding targets in the crowded home where people thought they could find safety in numbers. 11 people were hit by bullets. Eight died on the spot including a four month old baby and a four year old child sleeping between their parents. Three more lay bleeding.

The gunmen, the Sri Lankan Navy, refused to allow the injured to be taken to hospital. The catholic priest of PhilipNeri church, Fr Amalathas, rang the area judge and she ordered the Sri Lankan Navy to allow the injured to be taken to hospital. One of the injured died later in the hospital.

While this was going on at the home of Amalathas, other gunmen, other Sri Lankan Navy, entered the home of Shanmugalingam in Puliyankoodal and repeated their execution. Three members of the family are shot dead. Ten shops in Puliyankoodal were also burnt down by the Sri Lankan Navy.

At a third threatre, Vangalady, the gunmen entered the home of Senthuran, a tea shop owner. They shot and killed Senthuran. His parents and brother started running. Gunmen chased after the parents but failed in their aim of shooting them dead. Brother of Senthuran, jumped into the well to escape the gunmen and survived as a result.

News not coming out

Sri Lankan Navy disallowed civilians entering or leaving the islets on 14 May. Mobile phones do not operate from these islets. One of the communication centres was destroyed in the above incident. People are too terrorized to use the remaining two to inform the outside about what has occurred. The judge was not allowed to go to Allaipiddy until midday on 14 May to order the removal of the bodies in Allaipiddi The bodies of Shanmugalingam and family in Velanai is still in the same spot where they were shot. No body has yet been allowed to go there.


Sellathurau Amalathas�s home in Allaipiddy is a two story imposing home. Sri Lankan Navy has been demanding the family to hand over the home to them for their own use.

Shanmugalingam runs a communication centre which is used by the Sri Lankan Navy. The Navy demands special concessions and privileges and this often creates friction between the owner and the Navy.

Senthuran�s tea shop is also frequented by the Sri Lankan Navy. Here too the Navy demands free cigarettes and other privileges.

The slaughter of these civilians is seen by the local people as a punishment and a warning to others for not yielding to the demand of the Sri Lankan Navy. They are executions to cower down the civilians. Terrorized people of the area have taken refuge in the churches. This is not the first time people of these islets have taken refuge in churches fearing the Sri Lankan military�s heavy hands. They have a sense of Deja vu about the present situation.

Killed in Allaipiddy

1. Four months old baby, Ketheeswaran Yathursan
2. Four year old child, Ketheeswaran Thanushkanth
3. Palachamy Ketheeswaran (25),
4. Ketheeswaran Anex Ester (23),
5. Abraham Robinson (28)
6. Sellathurai Amalathas (28)
7. Kanesh Navaratnam (50)
8. Joseph Anthonymuttu (64)
9. Sinnathurai Sivanesan (46).

Injured in Allaipiddy

1. S Mohanambikai (46)
2. T Sellathurai (61)

Killied in Velanai

1. Murugesu Shanmugalingam (72),
2. S Kantharoopan (29)
3. Shanmugalingam Parameswari (65)

Killed in Vangalady

1.Ratnam Senthuran (38)

MP saddened by UNICEF, UNHCR's silence on Children's killing
[TamilNet, May 15, 2006 02:35 GMT]

"I am deeply concerned and saddened by the silence of the premier world organizations that advocate rights of children, the United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF) and the UNHCR, on the escalating number of children being killed in the NorthEast in Sri Lanka by the State's security forces," said Pathmini Sithamparanathan, Tamil National Alliance (TNA) parliamentarian for Jaffna, speaking to the press Monday.

Parliamentarian Ms Padmini Sithamparanathan
Ms Sithamaparanathan said: "Thirty seven civilians have been killed in the NorthEast during the last three days. After Geneva-I more than 180 civilians have been killed by the Sri Lanka Government security forces and the collaborating paramilitaries.

"Last Friday a four-month old child and a four year old boy was murdered by the Sri Lanka Navy soldiers and paramilitary cadres in Jaffna Islets. In the aerial bombardment by the Sri Lanka AirForce in Sampoor, Muttur East on the 25-26th April eight children under 16 years were killed. Two similar aged children were killed in Batticaloa and in Jaffna recently.

"Hardly a word condemning the killing of children has come out of UNICEF's, UNHCR's offices in the last several weeks.

"On the issue of child recruitment, however, UNICEF, UNHCR and other rights organizations worldwide, have shown unusual vigor and assertiveness, in demonizing the Liberation Tigers.

"Vulnerable groups that depend on the support and voice of such world organizations, are left helpless, when these organizations remain silent when States perpetrate dastardly crimes," Mrs Sithamparanathan said. 

  SLMM's delay in publicizing evidence aids killing spree- Ilamparithi
[TamilNet, May 14, 2006 17:01 GMT]
"Though the injured victims, the relatives of the killed and our Political office have submitted concrete evidence to the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission (SLMM) in Jaffna proving the killings of innocent civilians in the Jaffna peninsula after the Geneva talks by security forces and paramilitaries, the evidence has not been made public by the SLMM. Unfortunately, this delay has resulted in marked escalation in killings," said Ilamparithi, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) Jaffna district political wing head, giving particulars of his urgent complaint to the Chief of SLMM, Jaffna district, Sunday.

"Withholding this evidence pertaining to numerous killings of innocent civilians has in fact encouraged the killers to continue the murders unchecked," added Ilamparuthi in the complaint.

"Unprovoked and preplanned killings of innocent civilians including children in the islets of Jaffna are being carried out by the paramilitary Eelam People Democratic Party (EPDP) along with the Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) soldiers.

"Two pickup vehicles loaded with inebrieted EPDP cadres from their Sridar theatre camp in Jaffna town on Saturday around 6.30 p.m left to Allaipity where they joined the SLN and entered Selathurai Amalan's home firing and lobbing hand grenades killing 8 people on the spot including two small children. Three civilians injured in the attack were rushed to the Jaffna Teaching Hospital where one of them died.

"The EPDP cadres ordered the people in the neighbouring houses to switch off all lights before forcing into Amalan's house near the Allaipity church located only 100 meters form the SLN camp.

"The SLN and EPDP, under the influence of liquor, simultaneously attacked civilians in Bungalavady, Velani West, Pulliyankoodal and Naranthanai. We consider the killings and attacks by these groups in the islets of Jaffna a blatant attempt to terrorize the islet residents.

"The unprovoked killings of civilians and children in their homes are grave violations of the Cease Fire Agreement (CFA), basic norms of humans rights, and in total defiance of the United Nations Charter for the rights of children.

"Even today (Sunday) two innocent civilians, Rasiah Pullendran 30 of Avarangal and Pasuvalingam Kandeepan 25 of Atchuveli have been killed by the SLA.

"I have appealed to the SLMM to publicize all the relevant evidence related to these violations which would put a stop to the killings of innocent civilian's by the SL armed forces and the EPDP spiraling upwards each day," Ilamparithi said.

Sri Lanka Navy - EPDP kill thirteen civilians in Allaipiddy-Velanai, D.B.S.Jeyaraj, 16 May 2006

The Cottar's Saturday Night
Robert Burns, 1785

Let not Ambition mock their useful toil,
Their homely joys, and destiny obscure;
Nor Grandeur hear, with a disdainful smile,
The short and simple annals of the Poor.
My lov'd, my honour'd, much respected friend!
No mercenary bard his homage pays;
With honest pride, I scorn each selfish end,
My dearest meed, a friend's esteem and praise:
To you I sing, in simple Scottish lays,
The lowly train in life's sequester'd scene,
The native feelings strong, the guileless ways,
What Aiken in a cottage would have been;
Ah! tho' his worth unknown, far happier there I ween!

November chill blaws loud wi' angry sugh;
The short'ning winter-day is near a close;
The miry beasts retreating frae the pleugh;
The black'ning trains o' craws to their repose:
The toil-worn Cotter frae his labour goes, -
This night his weekly moil is at an end,
Collects his spades, his mattocks, and his hoes,
Hoping the morn in ease and rest to spend,
And weary, o'er the moor, his course does hameward bend.

At length his lonely cot appears in view,
Beneath the shelter of an aged tree;
Th' expectant wee-things, toddlin, stacher through
To meet their dead, wi' flichterin noise and glee.
His wee bit ingle, blinkin bonilie,
His clean hearth-stane, his thrifty wifie's smile,
The lisping infant, prattling on his knee,
Does a' his weary kiaugh and care beguile,
And makes him quite forget his labour and his toil.

Belyve, the elder bairns come drapping in,
At service out, amang the farmers roun';
Some ca' the pleugh, some herd, some tentie rin
A cannie errand to a neibor town:
Their eldest hope, their Jenny, woman-grown,
In youthfu' bloom-love sparkling in her e'e-
Comes hame, perhaps to shew a braw new gown,
Or deposite her sair-won penny-fee,
To help her parents dear, if they in hardship be.

With joy unfeign'd, brothers and sisters meet,
And each for other's weelfare kindly speirs:
The social hours, swift-wing'd, unnotic'd fleet:
Each tells the uncos that he sees or hears.
The parents, partial, eye their hopeful years;
Anticipation forward points the view;
The mother, wi' her needle and her shears,
Gars auld claes look amaist as weel's the new;
The father mixes a' wi' admonition due.

Their master's and their mistress' command,
The younkers a' are warned to obey;
And mind their labours wi' an eydent hand,
And ne'er, tho' out o' sight, to jauk or play;
"And O! be sure to fear the Lord alway,
And mind your duty, duly, morn and night;
Lest in temptation's path ye gang astray,
Implore His counsel and assisting might:
They never sought in vain that sought the Lord aright."

But hark! a rap comes gently to the door;
Jenny, wha kens the meaning o' the same,
Tells how a neibor lad came o'er the moor,
To do some errands, and convoy her hame.
The wily mother sees the conscious flame
Sparkle in Jenny's e'e, and flush her cheek;
With heart-struck anxious care, enquires his name,
While Jenny hafflins is afraid to speak;
Weel-pleased the mother hears, it's nae wild, worthless rake.

Wi' kindly welcome, Jenny brings him ben;
A strappin youth, he takes the mother's eye;
Blythe Jenny sees the visit's no ill ta'en;
The father cracks of horses, pleughs, and kye.
The youngster's artless heart o'erflows wi' joy,
But blate an' laithfu', scarce can weel behave;
The mother, wi' a woman's wiles, can spy
What makes the youth sae bashfu' and sae grave,
Weel-pleas'd to think her bairn's respected like the lave.

O happy love! where love like this is found:
O heart-felt raptures! bliss beyond compare!
I've paced much this weary, mortal round,
And sage experience bids me this declare, -
"If Heaven a draught of heavenly pleasure spare-
One cordial in this melancholy vale,
'Tis when a youthful, loving, modest pair
In other'sarms, breathe out the tender tale,
Beneath the milk-white thorn that scents the evening gale."

Is there, in human form, that bears a heart,
A wretch! a villain! lost to love and truth!
That can, with studied, sly, ensnaring art,
Betray sweet Jenny's unsuspecting youth?
Curse on his perjur'd arts! dissembling smooth!
Are honour, virtue, conscience, all exil'd?
Is there no pity, no relenting ruth,
Points to the parents fondling o'er their child?
Then paints the ruin'd maid, and their distraction wild?

But now the supper crowns their simple board,
The halesome parritch, chief of Scotia's food;
The sowp their only hawkie does afford,
That, 'yont the hallan snugly chows her cood:
The dame brings forth, in complimental mood,
To grace the lad, her weel-hain'd kebbuck, fell;
And aft he's prest, and aft he ca's it guid:
The frugal wifie, garrulous, will tell
How t'was a towmond auld, sin' lint was i' the bell.

The cheerfu' supper done, wi' serious face,
They, round the ingle, form a circle wide;
The sire turns o'er, with patriarchal grace,
The big ha'bible, ance his father's pride:
His bonnet rev'rently is laid aside,
His lyart haffets wearing thin and bare;
Those strains that once did sweet in Zion glide,
He wales a portion with judicious care;
And "Let us worship God!" he says with solemn air.

They chant their artless notes in simple guise,
They tune their hearts, by far the noblest aim;
Perhaps Dundee's wild-warbling measures rise;
Or plaintive Martyrs, worthy of the name;
Or noble Elgin beets the heaven-ward flame;
The sweetest far of Scotia's holy lays:
Compar'd with these, Italian trills are tame;
The tickl'd ears no heart-felt raptures raise;
Nae unison hae they with our Creator's praise.

The priest-like father reads the sacred page,
How Abram was the friend of God on high;
Or Moses bade eternal warfare wage
With Amalek's ungracious progeny;
Or how the royal bard did groaning lie
Beneath the stroke of Heaven's avenging ire;
Or Job's pathetic plaint, and wailing cry;
Or rapt Isaiah's wild, seraphic fire;
Or other holy seers that tune the sacred lyre.

Perhaps the Christian volume is the theme,
How guiltless blood for guilty man was shed;
How He, who bore in Heaven the second name,
Had not on earth whereon to lay His head:
How His first followers and servants sped;
The precepts sage they wrote to many a land:
How he, who lone in Patmos banished,
Saw in the sun a mighty angel stand,
And heard great Bab'lon's doom pronounc'd by Heaven's command.

Then, kneeling down to Heaven's Eternal King,
The saint, the father, and the husband prays:
Hope "springs exulting on triumphant wing,"^1
That thus they all shall meet in future days,
There, ever bask in uncreated rays,
No more to sigh, or shed the bitter tear,
Together hymning their Creator's praise,
In such society, yet still more dear;
While circling Time moves round in an eternal sphere

Compar'd with this, how poor Religion's pride,
In all the pomp of method, and of art;
When men display to congregations wide

Devotion's ev'ry grace, except the heart!
The Power, incens'd, the pageant will desert,
The pompous strain, the sacerdotal stole;
But haply, in some cottage far apart,
May hear, well-pleas'd, the language of the soul;
And in His Book of Life the inmates poor enroll.

Then homeward all take off their sev'ral way;
The youngling cottagers retire to rest:
The parent-pair their secret homage pay,
And proffer up to Heaven the warm request,
That he who stills the raven's clam'rous nest,
And decks the lily fair in flow'ry pride,
Would, in the way His wisdom sees the best,
For them and for their little ones provide;
But chiefly, in their hearts with grace divine preside.

From scenes like these, old Scotia's grandeur springs,
That makes her lov'd at home, rever'd abroad:
Princes and lords are but the breath of kings,
"An honest man's the noblest work of God;"
And certes, in fair virtue's heavenly road,
The cottage leaves the palace far behind;
What is a lordling's pomp? a cumbrous load,
Disguising oft the wretch of human kind,
Studied in arts of hell, in wickedness refin'd!

O Scotia! my dear, my native soil!
For whom my warmest wish to Heaven is sent,
Long may thy hardy sons of rustic toil
Be blest with health, and peace, and sweet content!
And O! may Heaven their simple lives prevent
From luxury's contagion, weak and vile!
Then howe'er crowns and coronets be rent,
A virtuous populace may rise the while,
And stand a wall of fire around their much-lov'd isle.

O Thou! who pour'd the patriotic tide,
That stream'd thro' Wallace's undaunted heart,
Who dar'd to nobly stem tyrannic pride,
Or nobly die, the second glorious part:
(The patriot's God peculiarly thou art,
His friend, inspirer, guardian, and reward!)
O never, never Scotia's realm desert;
But still the patriot, and the patriot-bard
In bright succession raise, her ornament and guard!

Thirteen Tamil civilians including two women and two children were killed in three incidents of violence on the night of Saturday May Thirteenth in the Allaipiddy and Velanai islets off Northern province�s Jaffna peninsula . Another man and woman were seriously injured while at least eleven businesses including a telecommunication centre were destroyed through deliberate arson. Personnel in civils from the Sri Lankan Navy and cadres of the Eelam Peoples Democratic Party (EPDP) were suspected of being responsible.

Those of us who read English poetry of an earlier vintage may recall  "The Cottar�s Saturday Night� by Robert Burns. Scotland�s national bard had written a masterpiece about the calm, serene life of a humble cottar as he settled down for the night peacefully with his family in his cottage. It was however a different night of deadly violence that lay in store for the victims of an extended family in Allaipiddy on Saturday May 13th.

The northern archipelago off the Jaffna peninsula coast comprises many Islands and islets. Only thirteen of these are populated. Allaipiddy is one such islet. Situated along the Oorkavalthurai (Kayts ) road that branches off from the Pannai causeway it is adjacent to Mankumban. People of the Islands are renowned for their business acumen and entrepreneurial skills. At one stage they dominated much of the retail trade and eateries in Sri Lanka.

The escalation of the ethnic conflict has taken many of them to Western Countries where they are doing well as professionals as well as in commerce. The two - storied house in ward two of Allaipiddy that witnessed violence on Saturday night also belonged to Tamil expatriates. With the owners living abroad some of their relatives were living there. They in turn had brought in some other relatives to stay. It was one big extended �family� living in a big, comfortable house that was the envy of many.

Most of the Islands are under the control of the Navy. The Islands have been under Government control from 1990.Earlier the navy was assisted by EPDP cadres in maintaining security. After the ceasefire EPDP influence had waned considerably. There was a big navy camp in Allaipiddy about 500 metres away from the house. There were also sentry posts and bunkers in the area. Security had been intensified after a landmine attack that injured two navy men.

The nominal caretakers of the house were T. Sellathurai and his son Amala Dhas also called Amalan. Another small house in the same compound was used as a small shop. It was managed by Sellathurai with the aid of a couple from ward one in Allaipiddy. Amuthadhas was engaged in business trading mainly in sea food products.

On May 13th at about 8. 30 pm four men wearing shorts and tee - shirts had gone to the shop and bought biscuits and mineral waters. They ate and drank a little and began sauntering out. They seemed to be navy men in civils. Even before these men were in the shop �trouble� had started brewing in the vicinity.

Uniformed navy men on duty in the neighbourhood asked the drivers of the few vehicles passing through to �off� their lights. At the same time some EPDP cadres on motor cycles went up to houses in the area and asked them to turn all lights off. The lights near sentry posts were also turned off.

It was pitch dark when the four men emerged from the shop but they according to residents had �petromax� lanterns. After getting out of the shop casually the men started moving fast. They entered the big house where the inmates had kept doors open as they had no danger to fear. The men had firearms.

Entering forcibly the men began firing at the people inside. It appears that the men went upstairs and downstairs shooting away at their targets. One person seated down near the doorway listening to the radio was shot dead. So too were a sleeping family of four. The parents and two children were killed in sleeping position. Three men staying on the upper storey were also shot dead. Eight people staying in the house were killed.

The men then went outside to the shop. After firing a few shots they threw a grenade inside. Three people were seriously injured. With Naval and EPDP personnel ordering �lights out� earlier and hearing reports of gunfire and explosions the people were terrified and stayed indoors. Allaipiddy was not densely populated even in earlier times. Now the population was quite sparse.

It was left to Fr. Amalathas the Catholic priest at nearby St. Philip Neri church to collect some people and visit the scene of violence. They were horrified by what they saw. Eight dead people were lying dead. What was most appalling was the brutal killing of two children including an infant..

The dead victims at the Allaipiddy house and their ages,

1. Ketheeswaran Yathursan - 4 months
2. Ketheeswaran Thanushkanth - 4 years
3. Agnes Esther Ketheeswaran (23),
4. Palachamy Ketheeswaran (25),
5. Sellathurai Amalathas (28)
6.. Abraham Robinson (29)
7. Ganeshan Navaratnam (50)
8. Joseph Anthonymuttu (64)

Fr.Amalathas and Allaipiddy people then ran to the shop. They found three persons inside who were injured but alive. They then tried to take them to the Jaffna hospital via the Pannai causeway. The navy men on security duty refused to let them proceed. Finally Fr. Amalathas had to telephone the Jaffna district judge of their plight who in turn contacted the navy top brass and obtained necessary �permission�.

The three injured people were rushed to Jaffna hospital. But Sinnathurai Sivanesan (46) succumbed to his injuries. He may have lived if the navy had allowed him to be brought to the Hospital without delay. Sivanesan�s wife S Mohanambikai (46) and T Sellathurai (61) though seriously wounded are alive still and receiving treatment.

The Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission was duly informed. To their credit the monitors arrived at Allaipiddy at about 1.00 pm and inspected the scene. The frightened people gathered around them like a drowning man clutching at straws. With old men, women, middle - aged men, young men, child and infant killed people from all ages were afraid and insecure

They requested the monitors to stay with them that night for protection. Some even fell at their feet and begged. But the SLMM could not help. Their mandate and regulations did not permit it. Besides there was the question of security. The monitors left for Jaffna. Thereafter about petrified people both Hindus and Christians gathered at the St. Philips Neri church for safety and spent the night there under the watchful eye of Fr. Amalathas.

If this was the situation in Allaipiddy where nine were killed and two injured the night of violence had not ended for the people living in the Northern Islands. A road forking off from the Allaipiddy - Mankumban - Kayts road goes through the Vangalavaadi junction in Velanai west. A tea boutique - closed for the day - in Vangalavadi was attacked between 10 to 10.30 pm..Ratnam Senthuran (38) the owner was dragged out and shot dead. The assailants also set fire to the place.

Further up on the same same road is Puliyankoodal junction in Velanai from where three roads go to Naranthanai, Suruvil and Kayts respectively. There is a row of shops and businesses at Puliyankoodal. Among these is a telecommunication centre which is open 24 hours of the day. A gang of armed youths speaking in both Tamil and Sinhala arrived at the spot between 10. 30 to 11. 00 pm. They wore dark blue balaclavas to hide their faces. Some also had red bands tied around their heads.

The main target of the gang seemed to be the telecommunication centre. Three members of the same family running it were shot dead. The victims were the father . Murugesu Shanmugalingam (72), mother Shanmugalingam Parameswari (65) and son S Kantharoopan (29) . Another son managed to run away and hide down a well to escape the assailants. Some people from the other businesses also ran out and escaped.

The marauders exploded grenades inside the telecommunication centre. They also took fuel from a nearby depot and set fire to the place. They also set fire to the other businesses in the area. The fuel depot was also burnt down. The commercial establishments including the telecom centre burnt down at Puliyankoodal numbered ten.

The navy was very harsh on the people the following Sunday 14th. They were not allowed to travel outside the Islands. With an unofficial curfew in force most people kept indoors through fear. One consequence of this action was that the outside world could not know much about the previous night�s massacre, violence and arson. But the clamp down was relaxed to some extent the following day. With people being able to travel to Jaffna town and Kayts more details emerged.

It appears that there were a few eye - witnesses to the violence and killings. The prime suspects were the Navy and EPDP. It appeared that the Allaipiddy massacre was done by one group and the Velanai violence by another. In Allaipiddy the actual violence was done by navy men in civils with EPDP men aiding and abetting. In the case of Velanai violence EPDP men were suspected of being in the forefront with navy men also participating.

There are many theories about the targets of violence but a brief account of recent history in the area is necessary to understand the context. The Navy - EPDP nexus had the Islands in an ironclad security grip for many years. The situation changed after the ceasefire when the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) entered the area to do �politics� and made their presence felt.

EPDP power dwindled considerably. This was illustrated clearly through the Parliamentary elections of 2004 and Presidential elections of 2005. Earlier the EPDP had much �influence� through the captive vote bank.

With the LTTE political cadres �officially� withdrawing from Govt controlled areas last year the situation began reversing itself. But violence erupted sporadically again this April. On April 11th Thambu Gopalasingham (26)a mini - bus driver from Kayts was beaten to death by the EPDP. He was a strong tiger supporter.

On 23rd April former deputy - chairman of Kayts Pradeshiya Sabha Nagamuthu Thiruchelvam (71) was shot dead by the LTTE.He was an EPDP member. On April 27th an auto - rickshaw driver from Kayts Suresh Fernando (38) was shot dead and his four year old daughter injured. The EPDP was suspected of being responsible.

On April 29th a woman named Bhothini Ratnasingham (30)was shot at Velanai near the old bus stand. The single mother of one was killed by the LTTE. The tigers suspected her of being an army informant. The incident took place at 6 pm. There was a delay in taking her to Jaffna hospital due to stringent navy procedures and the woman died after undergoing belated surgery.

On the following Sunday April 30th the relative calm of Allaipiddy was shattered when a tiger claymore mine went off at the junction. Two navy men were injured. They were airlifted to Palaly and then Colombo. The incident took place at 6. 40 pm. Some sailors at Allaipiddy ran amok. They entered houses in the area and assaulted people. A 74 year old man Ramasamy Sangarapillai was shot to death despite his pleading not to shoot him.

Relations between the navy and people in Allaipiddy began to sour after the April 30th. The navy felt people in the area were harbouring tigers. Their suspicion fell on the big house occupied by S, Amaladhas and others. The prime suspect was Ganeshan Navaratnam who was also staying there. Navaratnam was a business associate of Amaladhas. He was from Kottadi in Jaffna and a father of five children. Three of them were in the Wanni and believed to be closely linked to the tigers.

The navy and EPDP from the area regarded the house as a tiger den. They suspected perhaps all inmates including the 4 month infant to be �kotiyas� and �kotipatau�. On may 3rd some navy men went to the house, inspected it casually and then asked the residents in a friendly way to give them the house to set up camp. This was refused.

It is not known whether the decision to attack the house and kill inmates was taken officially or unofficially. It is also not known when it was taken or who made the decision. The tension however was simmering from May 1st. The flashpoint may have come after the LTTE attack on the �Pearl Cruise II� and other Dvoras on May 11th. The navy was seething.

Some of the naval personnel who came on the passenger ferry resumed duties in the Islands on the morning of May 13th. It was also the day after Vesak. There is reason to believe that some navy men angered by the earlier incidents had attacked the house and killed the occupants. It also could be an �officially sanctioned unofficial execution�. These executions are part of the State�s retaliation strategy being implemented as part of unauthorised Mahinda Chinthana. The killing of an infant was a new low.

As far as the Velanai violence was concerned the Navy was angry with the business people for shutting down during hartals. Despite the navy insisting they remain open the businesses had closed defiantly. This was seen as part of tiger designs. The tea boutique owner and the family running the telecom centre were perceived as active tiger supporters. Both had refused to pay �kappam� money to the EPDP. There has also been some tensions with navy personnel demanding �free� telephone calls and free cigarettes, food and tea.

Many cadres of the EPDP in the area came from Thambatty in Naranthanai. It is an EPDP stronghold. It was here that an EPDP mob attacked the TULF and injured people like Senathirajah, Raviraj and Sivajilingam some years ago during election campaign in 2000. Most people from Thambatty belonged to the so called oppressed castes. The businesspeople of Velanai belonged to the so called high castes. Thus there was much friction between the two groups that were political and socio- cultural. This too may have played a part in all this.

With some action happening in Allaipiddy the green light may have been given in Velanai too. So an action plan unfolded there too. In Allaipiddy the navy took the lead role with EPDP playing second fiddle. In Velanai the EPDP seems to have played the major role with the navy playing sidekick.

The LTTE�s Jaffna political commissar Ilamparithy has lodged a complaint to the SLMM. �Unprovoked and preplanned killings of innocent civilians including children in the islets of Jaffna are being carried out by the paramilitary Eelam People Democratic Party (EPDP) along with the Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) soldiers. � he has stated.

�Two pickup vehicles loaded with inebrieted EPDP cadres from their Sridar theatre camp in Jaffna town on Saturday around 6.30 p.m left to Allaipity where they joined the SLN and entered Selathurai Amalan�s home firing and lobbing hand grenades killing 8 people on the spot including two small children�.

The monitors - God bless them all - are investigating! Let us all hope that the SLMM comes out forcefully and fast with a statement!! Whatever the political affiliations of the victims may or may not have been there is no justification that a massacre of this nature could be perpetrated. What is happening now in parts of the North - East is unadulterated state terror. Why is it that the international community which is quick to condemn LTTE �terror� harshly is by contrast painfully slow and soft in condemning state �terror�? Is there any justification for killing sleeping infant and child? Why are those media sections who beat their breasts about the life of the unborn child in the suspected pregnant woman�s womb being eloquently silent now about the life of a living infant being cruelly snuffed out?

The Allaipiddy massacre and Velanai violence has sent shock waves down all decent people who came to know of it.. It was committed the day after Vesak. Mahinda Rajapakse has once again promised a full investigation. The world is keen to know the fate of his earlier full investigations like the murder of five Tamil youths in Trincomalee.

Keheliya Rambukwella the cabinet spokesperson on Defence matters is �spinning� away. He is even better than Murali. Keheliya now says that the massacre may have been done to bring discredit to the Government. How true! But who ? The Tigers are trying to distract international action is another googly. Anura Priyadharshana must be thanking his stars that Rambukwella and not he is in the hot seat.

Keheliya is ably assisted by DKP Dassanayake the navy spokesman. His Doosra was �at night we are confined to our camp in the islets, as a precautionary measure, to avoid clashes with the Tigers�. How nice!. How considerate of the navy. So the tigers are on top nocturnally. But then Dassa says �that night also we were inside the camp, but we had to help some civilians control a fire, which broke out twice in some shops near our camp. Who lit the match then?

Brig. Prasad Samarasinghe is cautious. Being a good soldier he may not want to defend the sailors or the half - democrats. When the BBC quizzed him he did not commit either way but said something like justice will be done.

IGP Chandra Fernando is hilarious. He has sent a special team to investigate. Its priority? Find out whether it was done to bring disrepute to the Government. So its not a sense of justice but a yearning to whitewash the Government that motivates our top cop. By the way it was this IGP who came out with the theory that the headless corpses were a result of gang violence.

The EPDP now issues emotional statements mourning the tragedy and lamenting the fact that they are being blamed for it. The EPDP reminds the Island Tamils of the services they rendered in the past. Now the EPDP�s beloved soil is soaked with blood and the tigers are blaming them for it they complain.

Thus goes the charade while the cycle of violence goes on. Life for Tamils is �Nasty, brutish and short�. From infant to old man all Tamils seem to be fair game. From headless corpses in Avissawela to bodies lying in Allaipiddy they get killed nowadays. It is no longer the exception or aberration. Rather it is the norm or rule.

It is customary to end articles of this type with the appeal that justice should be done and the culprits be punished. In the Sri Lanka of Mahinda and Gothabhaya Rajapakse that is not likely to happen. My appeal is only to the silent or silenced majority of Sri Lanka and those sections of the International Community that are genuinely concerned about justice and peace. Let these crimes not go unpunished.

Amnesty International condemns killings, 16 May 2006
AI Index: ASA 37/014/2006 (Public), News Service No: 125

Amnesty International is alarmed by the increasing number of civilians killed as a low-intensity armed conflict appears to be escalating, despite a 2002 ceasefire agreement between the government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). More than 200 people have been killed over the past month alone, the majority of them civilians, and more than 20,000 others have been displaced from their homes. Amnesty International fears that a collapse of the ceasefire agreement and return to full-scale armed conflict would have further devastating consequences for civilians.

In separate incidents over the past weekend, 13-14 May, at least 18 civilians were reportedly killed in the north and east of Sri Lanka. Thirteen Tamil civilians were reportedly killed in a spate of incidents on Kayts Island, a small islet off the northwestern coast of the Jaffna Peninsula that is strictly controlled by the Sri Lanka Navy, which has a major base there. On 13 May, at about 8.30 p.m., unidentified gunmen reportedly entered the home of Sellathurai Amalathas in Allaipiddy and opened fire. Eight people were killed on the spot, including a four-month-old baby and four-year-old boy, and one other person died later in hospital. In another incident, at around 10:30 p.m. the same night, unidentified gunmen reportedly entered the home of 72-year-old Murugesu Shanmugalingam in Puliyankoodal, also on Kayts Island, and shot him and two other members of his family dead. Ten shops in Puliyankoodal were reportedly burnt down. In Vangalady, gunmen reportedly entered the home of Ratnam Senthuran, a tea shop owner, and shot him dead. Other members of his family also were shot and injured, but managed to escape.

The government has condemned the Kayts Island killings and announced that a police investigation is underway. Amnesty International welcomes these initial steps but notes that there is a disturbing pattern of incomplete or ineffective investigations by the government, with the result that perpetrators of such violence generally operate with impunity. In accordance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which Sri Lanka has ratified, the government must carry out independent, impartial and effective investigations into all killings; the results of these investigations should be made public, and those found responsible for the attacks must be brought to justice. Without effective investigations and prosecutions, the cycle of retaliatory violence that so endangers the lives of civilians is likely to escalate.

The LTTE has accused the Sri Lanka Navy of responsibility for the attacks on Kayts Island, a charge which the Navy has denied. However, Amnesty International has received credible reports that Sri Lanka Navy personnel and armed cadres affiliated with the Eelam People�s Democratic Party, a Tamil political party that is opposed to the LTTE, were present at the scene of the killings. The government in turn has suggested that the LTTE orchestrated the attack in order �to divert international opinion�.

Regardless of who is responsible for the attacks, the Sri Lankan government has obligations under international law to take steps to prevent such killings, to ensure that those who commit them are brought to justice, and that the families of those killed are able to obtain redress.

Amnesty International calls on all parties to the conflict�including the government of Sri Lanka, the LTTE, and other armed groups�to take all possible measures to avoid harm to civilians and respect international humanitarian law, which prohibits murder or violence to those taking no active part in hostilities.

 Rest in Peace: Look what the peace talkers have done!  Rev Father Chandi Sinnathurai


Rest in Peace

Look what the peace talkers have done!
Much could be understood
From that which is not said
But from that which one chooses to not say�

Where have all the autocrats gone?
To take shelter in Pluto or in platonic waffle?
Where have the Nordic nut-crackers gone?
To take shelter in the plush of Southern coast?

Look what the high-flying double-talkers have done?
The dip-lo-mats have taken us all on a ride to cloud cuckoo land!
They talk the language none understands�
And they�ll twist and turn at the drop of a coin�

We shall take control of our very own destiny
We shall rule our land and the sea...
Let Tiger flag fly high in our land of our forefathers
And let the talkers talk until monkeys beg for peanuts!

Upon our dead we promise�
As long as we live
We will not allow others to tell us what to do or where to go�
Or even to twist our arms.

Look what the peace talkers have done!
Its time that we told them to: �Go fly a kite!�
Galle Face might be the best place to do so.

Pattern of Massacres by Sri Lanka Armed Forces - the Record Speaks...
Massacre in Trincomalee, 2006 

"...The Sinhalese thugs who hacked and burnt Tamils on Wednesday, 12 April  in Trincomalee were brought in Sri Lanka army trucks from outside and held ready for the signal before they went on rampage, sources from Trincomalee reveal. As soon as the bomb blast at the central market area was heard, the Sinhala thugs were released from the trucks to swing their machetes in the midst of Tamils, a radio in Sri Lanka said.12 were killed and more than 45 injured, 15 seriously, the report says..."

Bindunuwewe Massacre, 2000

The contradictory statements by the Sri Lanka authorities serve to reveal the hand of the Sri Lanka security forces in the attack on the Tamil detenus. On 24 October 2000, the Tamil detenus, after several months of detention, had informed the authorities that they would go on a hunger strike if they were not released. The Sri Lanka Ministry of Defence runs the rehabilitation centre. The attack came a few hours after the military, which provided protection to the centre was removed.

Orphanage Massacre, 2000

" Sri Lankan security forces shot dead nine children and wounded 20 others, in Batticaloa town on 17 May. The shooting followed an LTTE cycle bomb attack in which five soldiers and a policeman died...Thereafter the security forces fired at the van carrying the children, despite the plea of Rev Jeyachandra, �Please don�t shoot the children; shoot me instead� British Refugee Council Report

Sunny Village, Mannar, 1999
Kalutara Prison Massacre, 1997

"Amnesty International today appealed to Sri Lanka's Minister of Justice to order a full and impartial inquiry into the killing of three Tamil detainees on 12 December at Kalutara prison, south of the capital, Colombo...The three were reportedly hacked to death in front of Ward D at around 1 pm on 12 December by a group of Sinhalese common criminal prisoners...."

Kumarapuram Massacre, 1996

 "..On Sunday 11 February 1996, Sri Lankan armed forces arrived in army trucks at the Tamil village of Kumarapuram in the Kiliveddi area of the Trincomalee district. Soldiers broke open the windows of houses and fired at those inside.The initial death toll of Tamils who were murdered at Kumarapuram on that fateful day was 24. They were killed because they were Tamils.."

Navali Massacre, 1995

Having dropped leaflets asking the people to move to places of worship the Sri Lanka air force there after attacked the places of worship where Tamil civilians had sought refuge. St.Peters Church and St.Peters School in Navaly at a great distance away from the line of battle and where hundreds had sought shelter was deliberately bombed on 9 July 1995. On the day after the attack, 56 bodies were retrieved from the debris, many of whom were women and children. The death toll in this incident later increased to 120. 13 babies died in their mother's arms. Rescue workers reported torn limbs and pieces of human flesh strewn over the area.

Kokaddicholai Massacre, 1991

"On 12th June, 1991 at 11.00 a.m., the Sri Lankan army stationed in the Kokaddichcholai camp situated in the adjoining village, entered these two villages, terrorised and assaulted all the Tamil people, raped the women , including teachers and students who had taken refuge in the village school. 17 families who had taken refuge in the school were shot and killed. In one incident, a young girl who took protection with an old lady teacher was dragged by these sex hungry soldiers and raped in spite of the old lady offering them instead all the jewellery the girl had. They took the jewellery and raped the girl as well."

Saththurukondan Massacre, 1990 

 "On 9th and 10th September 1990, over 180 Tamil civilians were butchered by the Sri Lanka army at the Saththurukondan Army Camp in the Batticaloa District. At an inquiry into the massacre, the Officer-in-Charge of the camp, Captain. Gamini Varnakula Sooriya said "On that day no search or arrest was conducted by us". He also reiterated that none of his men even ventured out of the camp on the day of the massacre. The sole survivor of the massacre, Kanthasamy Krishnakumar aged 27, however recounted the chilling facts: "On the night of 9 September 1990, Tamil civilians from Batticaloa, Saththurukkondan, Panichchaiyady, Kokkuvil, Pillaiyarady were taken to the Army camp for interrogation. I was the only survivor of the185 civilians taken there. We were stabbed with sharp knives including a one and a half year old child, children and women."

Kannapuram Massacre,1990

�Some people came back a few days after the army invasion to retrieve whatever belongings that may have been spared by the marauding soldiers. They saw the bodies of those who stayed behind, chopped up and thrown in our water wells. Some old men and women were burnt inside the houses in which they had decided to stay, braving the army�, said Ms. Komalathevi Ranjan, 36, mother of five.She too had come to Kannapuram to clear the undergrowth in her property. �The Sri Lanka army troops and the Singhalese who came with them ransacked our homes and took away all our belongings. We left everything behind as we ran for our lives that day. They demolished our houses and took away even rafters, roof tiles, doors, door and window frames�, Mr. Kaalimuththu Wimalanathan, 40, a farmer who has returned to cultivate his paddy field.

Navali Massacre, 1987

Having dropped leaflets asking the people to move to places of worship the Sri Lanka air force there after attacked the places of worship where Tamil civilians had sought refuge. Thirteen babies were among the 65 dead found under the rubble of a Catholic church bombed by the Sri Lankan air force, an International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) official said...

Kokkadaicholai Massacre,  1987  

"Within three days of the launching of the military operation which began on January 28, according to the Batticaloa Citizens' Committee, an estimated 150 to 175 civilians were killed by the STF commandos. The victims included 23 employees of a prawn culture farm run by Serendib Sea Foods Ltd, a fifty per cent American owned Hong Kong based company. The employees were rounded up, herded onto a tractor and trailer, taken to a road junction and shot dead. Seven of the victims were boys aged 12 to 14. Forty others who had sought refuge in the farm were also shot and killed. The bodies were later burnt on piles of old tyres obtained by the security forces from the town's bus depot. Subsequently, the commandos rounded up nearly 83 people from the villages of Mudalikuda, Munaikadu, llupadichenai, Thandiady and Mahiladitivu and deliberately killed them. Another 12 people were reported to be missing and are feared dead..."

Akkaraipattu Massacre, 1986

"Upto 80 people mainly Tamil farm workers are said to have been killed and their bodies burned in a massacre in eastern Sri Lanka. The killings happened on Wednesday (19 February 1986), but confirmation of the incident was made only yesterday after community leaders had visited the remote spot near the town of Akkaraipattu, where the farm workers were shot.

Iruthayapuram Massacre, 1986

 "...Sufferance and suffering have become the badge of our race, the forsaken innocent Tamils of the East and the North. But we sincerely and solemnly affirm that our firm belief in sufferance and suffering will bring us Freedom, Life and Victory"

Tiriyai Massacre 1985 

"Infantryman, fully equipped for battle, spilled from the vehicles. Some were carrying jerrycans, others held flaming torches. Systematically, they went from house to house, pouring paraffin on to the grass roofs, lighting them, moving on. They set animals free, and shot them down. They stormed into the tiny library, pulled out all the books - no more than a couple of hundred at the most and made a bonfire of them. They wrecked the half dozen International Harvester tractors, and set fire to their wooden trailers."

Kumithini Massacre 1985 

"Kumuthini is the name of the passenger ferry between the island of Delft and Punguduthivu, via Nainathivu. On the 15th May 1985, Sri Lankan Navy personnel stopped her at mid-sea, and the government Navy personnel bludgeoned and cut to death all her passengers, including women and children."

Chunnakam Massacre 1984

"The murder of Tamil civilians in March 1984, in the busy market town of Chunnakam, in the Jaffna peninsula, by personnel of the Sri Lanka air force was an open and blatant violation of the humanitarian law of armed conflict. The attempted cover up by the newly appointed Sinhala Sri Lanka National Security Minister and ex Oxford Union President, Lalith Athulathmudali showed the complicity of a government which had blood on its hands."

Organized Progom, 1977 

"..A tragedy is taking place in Sri Lanka: the political conflict following upon the recent elections, is turning into a racial massacre. It is estimated by reliable sources that between 250 and 300 Tamil citizens have lost their lives and over 40,000 made homeless...(The Tamils) have now lost confidence in their treatment by the Sinhalese majority and are calling for a restoration of their separate national status..."  Sir John Foster, David Astor, Louis Blom-Cooper, Dingle Foot, Robert Birley, James Fawcett, Michael Scott, London Times 20 September 1977

Genocide '83 

"Communal riots in which Tamils are killed, maimed, robbed and rendered homeless are no longer isolated episodes; they are beginning to become a pernicious habit." Paul Sieghart in his  Report of a Mission to Sri Lanka on behalf of the International Commission of Jurists and its British Section, Justice, March 1984

Welikade Prison Massacre, 1983

Fifty three Tamil prisoners were murdered whilst in government custody.Thirty five Tamil political prisoners (held in custody under the infamous Sri Lanka Prevention of Terrorism Act, which was described by the International Commission of Jurists as 'an ugly blot on the statute book of any civilised country') were killed within the walls of the high security Welikade prison, in Colombo, on 25 July. Two days later, on 27 July, 18 more Tamil political prisoners were killed within the confines of the same Welikade prison.


 "What are we left with (in 1958? A nation in ruins, some grim lessons which we cannot afford to forget and a momentous question: Have the Sinhalese and Tamils reached the parting of ways?"  Tarzie Vittachi in Emergency'58



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