Tamils - a Nation
without a State
an estimated 2.8 million Tamils
live in Karnataka
- around 40% of the population of capital city of
Bangalore are Tamils
Bangalore Tamil Sangam
Guna, a Tamil writer from Karnataka
Nedumaran and Guna
Comment by tamilnation.org
- please also see
1. History of Bangalore - "The
building of Bangalore began when the Vijayanagar
emperor gifted Kempagowda a large piece of land.
Kempegowda was a Yelahanka Prabhu chieftain at
that point of time. Kempegowda used the revenue
from the land for the development of a town, and he
encouraged foreign merchants, artists, and artisans
to settle down in the town..." and
2. A grand dream - "The
history of Bangalore is the story of the
realisation of a grand dream, the dream of Kempe
Gowda I. His dream to build a new capital was
triggered off by his visits to Hampi, the beautiful
capital of the famous Vijayanagar Kingdom. The
grandeur of Hampi during the first Vijayadashami
celebrations in 1515 A.D. and again during the
coronation of King Achutaraya in 1529 A.D. must
have greatly impressed Kempe Gowda. He expressed
his desire to the king. The Vijayanagar ruler not
only granted permission to his chieftain to build a
new city for himself, but also donated 12 hoblis
(revenue subdivisions) with an annual income of
30,000 varahas (gold coins) to meet the expenses
for the venture. " more
After nine long years, things seem
to be turning around. The abduction of the thespian
Rajkumar by Sandalwood Veerappan is a nodal point
in the anti-Tamil politics, which the Kannada zealots
have been meticulously peddling since the seventies
of the last century. It is politics by other
means, which has unfolded in the style of
Veerappan. It indeed marks the transformation of
the outlaw into a person who has chosen to pioneer
the cause of Tamils' national liberation.
The States' Reorganisation in 1956 led to the
marginalisation of Tamils in the areas, which were
acceded to from the erstwhile Madras Presidency to
the new-found Greater Mysore. The city of Bangalore,
which itself was founded.... in 1537, was
predominantly Tamil in its demographic composition.
Kollegal, which was largely Tamil, was acceded to
Greater Mysore, as Chittoor district was annexed to
Andhra Pradesh and the huge Idikki district to
Kerala. Though asked whether they wanted the Kolar
Gold Fields to go with the diminished Madras State
when the States were being reorganised, the headless
leaders among the KGF Tamils preferred to remain with
the Greater Mysore. The plight of the KGF Tamils
has its fountainhead here.
With the fond hopes of carving out a fair deal for
themselves, the Tamils in Karnataka contributed their
mite to build up the new State. Their share in
turning Bangalore into a blooming modern city is
Kannadigas in Minority
The Commission for linguistic Minorities
constituted after the States' Reorganisation was
meant also to take care of the interests of the of
the Tamils in the traditionally Tamil areas which
gradually became either colonised by the Kannadigas
and Telugus or were unjustly acceded to the new-found
State of New Mysore. The Dravidian and "Indian"
pipe dreams of Tamil Nadu leaders so blatantly
betrayed the Tamils.
It was merely ritualistic window dressing for the
Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities to submit a
drab and farce annual report to the President of
India on the question of protection of the linguistic
minorities in Karnataka. It was a commission that
seldom lived up to our expectation. The whole
exercise proved to be sham when the Kannada Chaluvali
Movement rose particularly in the capital Bangalore.
With Kolar, Bellary and Chitradurga districts with
major chunks of Telugu population; Kolar Gold Fields,
Bangalore, Bhadravati and Kollegal being
predominantly Tamil; Belgaum, Nippani, Bidar going
largely Marathi-speaking; the district of North
Canara speaking Konkani; South Canara district being
the traditional homeland of Tulus; Kodagu being a
land with its own language, history and culture; and
the sizeable spread over of the Urdu speaking
population, the actual Kannadiga population is just
around 37 per cent in the State.
This demographic anachronism made the minority
Kannadigas to live with a hazy majority complex. It
caused the Kannada psyche to go aggressively
chauvinistic in its expression, rather than evolving
into the linguistic national or nationality
consciousness seeking the right of
Other non-Kannadigas often raise a question: "Why
Tamils alone are being targeted by the Kannadigas?"
They have to understand the historic backdrop of
the anti-Tamil preoccupation of the Kannada Chaluvali
The districts of Kolar, Bangalore, Mysore, parts
of Mandya and Tumkur formed the kingdom of the
Gangas. It was known as Old Mysore after the
States were reorganised.
Though the Ganganadu was often ruled by
non-Tamils, the mainstay of its population remained
Tamil; and they were called as Thigilaru by
the Kannadigas. Ganganadu was the traditional
homeland of the Thigilar.
This historical fact was sought to be suppressed
by the large influx of the Telugu-speaking Reddies
from the Ceded Districts of the former Madras
Presidency for over a century. With the expansion
of Bangalore as the capital of the New Karnataka and
the formation of the Bangalore Development Authority,
the naive and boorish Thigilars' virgin lands were
taken over by the State. Reddy colonisers sought to
usurp what was left out with them.
The Reddy colonisers in the Old Mysore region
acquired aggressive overtones through their
initiation into the Kannada Chaluvali ideology.
Founded by theTelugu Brahmanical interests as a
reaction to the virulent anti-Brahman politics of the
neighbouring Tamilnadu, the chauvinist orientation of
the Karnataka politics came as a boon to the land and
power hungry Reddy usurpers.
Film based Tamil Politics
Modelled on the film-based Dravidian politics,
which the Telugus and other non-Tamils in the Tamil
country cultivated, the Chaluvali politics chose to
nurse a similar film-based cult in the thespian
Rajkumar, though he is of Tamil-Telugu parentage.
Thus grew the genie. So, Tamils were meticulously
Their right to learn their mother tongue was
gradually and systematically marginalised. Job
opportunities to them were almost brought to a
naught. The Gokak Report and the anti-Tamil riots
that followed in 1982 was its logical tide.
But the Karnataka Tamils seldom resisted the
anti-Tamil goblin, thinking that things will
gradually settle to find reason. The treacherous
leadership of the Dravidian parties were the first
cause for the meek submission of the Karnataka Tamils
before the aggressive overtones and gestures of the
Chaluvali politics. The reason was that the
leadership of the Dravidian parties were invariably
non-Tamil, though their cadres and sympathisers were
Then came the interim order of the Cauvery Water
Tribunal in 1991 and the well-planned out State
violence unleashed by the very Chief Minister of
Karnataka, Mr. S. Bangarappa. His mute genocide
took the toll of around 1,000 poor and wretched
Tamils, and caused an exodus of over 1½ lakh
Karnataka Tamils to Tamilnadu. The loss to their
property was worth hundred of crores.
Enslaved Tamil Nation
Karnataka Tamils under the grip of the Dravidian
ideology stood stunned, benumbed and dismayed over
the turn of events over the last three decades.
They could not find a way out of the drifting sands.
Events gradually led them to look at the Dravidian
tale of Tamil-Kannada natal ties with mistrust and
discover that it suits only the non-Tamils to yoke
the Tamils in Tamilnadu. They realised that
Tamilnadu has let them down.
How could an enslaved nation redeem its kinsmen
elsewhere? They realised that the Dravidian
ideology was chosen and nursed by a Malayali T. M.
Nair and a virulently Telugu Pitty Thyagaraja Chetty
of the former Justice Party, and fostered by E.
V. Ramasamy Naicker (a Kannadiga), C.
N. Annadurai and M. Karunanidhi, (both Telugus),
M. G. Ramachandran (a Malayali) and
Jayalalitha (a Kannada Brahman on her mother's side),
Tamils have thus lost their very linguistic Tamil
national identity through the Dravidian trap.
On the contrary, Kannada, Telugu and Malayali
ethnic consciousness grew strong with the formation
of the new States of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and
The alienation of Tamils in Karnataka has indeed a
blessing in disguise, as their intellect could
rediscover the fallen Tamil from the debris of their
history. Kannadigas have helped the Karnataka
Tamils to open their eyes. What was the cause for
the fragmentation of the Tamils into irreconcilable
castes and the caste-based politics that taunt the
Tamil country? What distorted the Tamils' national
A search into these domains taught that the
alien invasions alone were the actual and primary
cause for the peoples world over, and their becoming
the oppressed. If so, whose invasions led to the
fall and enslavement of the Tamils?
Were they the so called "Aryan" invasions that came
through the Khyber and Bolan passes as the European
historiography had concocted? The probe began.
Kannadigas indeed stand out as teachers to Tamils, by
We find that most of the invasions on the Tamil
country were from Karnataka. It began with the
Kalabhra invasions around 250 A. D., and their
pillage over the Tamil country for over three
centuries. Then came the Chlaukya, Hoysala, and
Vijayanagara Nayakka invasions on the Tamil land.
The Telugu Pallavas ruled over the Tamils after the
Then came the question of studying the history of
those alien invaders. We find in the Sangam Tamil
Classics frequent references to a semi-barbarian and
ferocious stock of people who roamed around beyond
the Vénkadam (Thirupathi) hills.
They served as mercenaries to many of the ancient
States, particularly the Mauryas. They were called
Vadugar in Tamil classics. These Vadugar got
split into Eastern Vadugar and Western Vadugar, as
was the case with the German barbarians breaking up
into Eastern and Western Goths. The Eastern Vadugar
gradually became Telugus. The Western Vadugar, who
were called as Kósar in the Sangam
literature, became the Kannadigas. The northern
fraction of these Kósar were called as
Mârattar; and they became the
Marathis later. The northern segment of the
Telugu Vadugar in Kalinga broke into Oddars or
The first ever territory that the Kósar or
the Kannada Vadugar occupied in the former Chera
country was the Tulunâdu, as the Tamil literary
evidences tell. Then they came down to the present
Mysore, then called as Erumainâdu. It
was thus called as it was conquered by a Vadugan
called Erumai. He participated in the
Thalaiyâlankânam battle against Pandyan
Nedunchezhiyan of the Sangam Age.
The successive invasions of these Vadugar
barbarians and their overrunning the Chera, Chola and
Pandya empires of the antiquity was the cause for the
fall of the Tamils and their subjugation and
classification into low class aborigines.
Brahmanism, as an apartheid way of life, in fact,
had its origin only in the Chera country (Kerala)
through the legendary person in Parasurâma.
Whereas the Aryan concept had its root in the
The British colonial intellect confused Brahmanism
with Aryanism, and had imposed a false historiography
by branding Brahmanism as an import from the north.
Though born down the extreme south in the Chera
country, Brahmanism was carried into the Chola and
Pandya countries only through the Kannada and Telugu
(or the Vadugar) Brahmans.
Manu Smruti, which was written in
Karnataka, was adopted as the social code by the
court of Pulikesi II, the Chalukya monarch. The
Chalukyan epigraphical eulogies of
mânavakula or Mânava Dharma
would show it. It was the Vadugar colonisers who
imposed birth-based caste discriminations and
untouchability on the Tamils in the Chola and Pandya
These findings helped the enlightened among the
Karnataka Tamils to disown and discredit the
Dravidian ideology and rediscover their Tamil
identity. So the beacon is now in the hands of the
Rajkumar not Kannadiga
Veerappan's initiation into Tamils' cause was
during the 1991 anti-Tamil carnage in Karnataka.
He was a witness to the Kannada chauvinist outrage on
the Tamils, and was therefore drawn into the fray to
defend the Tamils in the border district of
Chamarajanagar. It had left a deep scar in his
mind and had in fact was troubling him within. So
he chose to avenge for the violent sufferings and
humiliations which the Karnataka Tamils were
subjected to in 1991.
The irony is that Veerappan is a Karnataka Tamil.
He was born at Gopinaththam that falls within 10
kilometers west of river Pâlâru, a
tributory of Cauvery, that marks the border
delineating Karnataka and Tamilnadu. Gopinaththam is
right inside Karnataka after the Tamil-speaking
Kollegal was annexed to it during States'
reorganisation. Whereas, the thespian Rajkumar's
father was from Singânallur which next to the
Coimbatore Town on the Coimbatore-Sulur Road. He was
a Telugu speaking Idiga. His mother was Lakshmiamma,
a Tamil. More so, the term Idiga was a
Telugu derivative of the name Eezhavar, which
means those who were originally from Eelam or the
island of Sri Lanka. Such a person could later
become the icon of Kannada chauvinism in
The gloom of the Dravidian dupe fades out while
the Tamil seeks the right of self-determination.
Karnataka Tamils stand out as the beacon light.
The social environment that drove Veerappan into
the forests as a sandalwood smuggler or poacher had
lit in him the fiery fire of Tamil nationalism, as he
had witnessed the State sponsored anti-Tamil violence
for ethnic cleansing.
So, Veerappan has don a new role. The myth of
Aryan-Dravidian dichotomy is going to suffer its
fatal beatings in the process; and, sure, the Tamil
will stand up to seize the skies.
The Tamilnadu Tamils, who are stuck up in the
marshes of nasty caste politics thrust on them by the
Vadugar-Dravidian bluffs are going to be shaken and
roused finally by Karanataka Tamils. There is no
escape from it! Karnataka Tamils will catalyse the
Tamil awakening. It seems to be their history's
destiny. Veerappan has identified the enemy. So, he
blows the conch for the cause of Tamils' liberation,
and the restorations of their land and glory.