Tamils - a Trans State Nation..

"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."
Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

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Tamil Dictionaries & References

Tamil Dictionaries - Books
Tamil Dictionaries - On Line
Tamil Dictionaries - Free Downloads

[see also History of Tamil Dictionaries - Harold Schiffman and  Learning & Teaching Tamil]

* indicates link to Amazon online bookshop
** indicates link to Amazon.co.uk online bookshop

Tamil Dictionaries - Books

* Burrow, T. and Emeneau, M.B Dravidian Etymological Dictionary (DED). Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1990. 609p

* Burrow, T. and Emeneau, M.B. A Dravidian Etymological Dictionary- Supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1968.

*Dhamotharan, Ayyadurai  - Tamil Dictionaries : a bibliography Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1978,185p

Fabricius, Johann Philipp. -  Tamil-English Dictionary, Evangelical Lutheran Mission Publishing House, Tranquebar. 1972, revised enlarged 4th ed.

From Publishers Book Description: In this dictionary, each word is defined by one or more Tamil synonyms. The different shades of signification and some idioms are arranged under each word forming, to a considerable extent , a substitute for a phrase book. The Tamil Synonyms may be depende uponm, with a very few unavoidable exceptions, as good as classic words, which are generally arranged so that those most common are placed first. Mathemetical, astronomical and other scientific words, are those taken from native works, as far as such works have been examined, and in foreign words, the synonyms are made from pure tamil or sanskrit combinations.This editon contains 46,737 words.

*Fabricius, Johann Philipp - A Dictionary of Tamil and English: Based on Traquebars' Malabar English Dictionary 1998, 678p

*Golden's English-Malay-Tamil dictionary: Trilingual Explanatory Dictionary for Students , 576p, 2001

*Gregory James - Colporul: A History of Tamil Dictionaries, 908p, 2000

* Kathiraiver Pillai - Tamil Moli Akarathi (Tamil Dictionary) Publisher: Asian Educational Services (1994) ISBN-10: 8120600045 ISBN-13: 978-8120600041

* Krishnamurti, S. Krishnamurti -  English - English - Tamil Dictionary (Read Well's) 583p, 2000

* Kriyavin tarkalat tamil akarati- Dictionary of Contemporary Tamil.1992, 1000p, 16,000 words = Cre-A, 268 Royapettah High Road, Madras 600 014. [Parathesey Sankaralingam was a Joint Managing Editor of the publication]

*J. Lazarus - A Dictionary of Tamil Proverbs (Bilingual), 1998,  662 p

*Lifco  Tamil-Tamil-English Dictionary 755 pages 2002

Lifco Tamil-Tamil-English Dictionary - The Little Flower Co. T. Nagar, Madras 600 017. (1968.) தமிழ்-தமிழ்-ஆங்கிலம் அகராதி

நடைமுறையில் வழங்கும் பெரும்பாலான தமிழ்ச்சொற்களை ஆங்கிலத்தில் உணர்த்துதற்கு உறுதுணையாக அமைந்துள்ளது இந்த அகராதி. இந்த அகராதியில் இருக்கும் பிற்சேர்க்கைகள் மாணவர்களுக்கு சிறந்த வழிகாட்டியாக விளங்கும் என்பது உறுதி.

Lifco Mega Dictionary � English-English-Tamil The Little Flower Co.,T. Nagar, Madras 600 017.

The structure for each word (contained in this Dictionary) contains Main word, Pronunciation, part of speech, meaning in English, Meaning in Tamil, and additional information on usage etc. The Pronunciation for almost all the words is given using Tamil alphabet as symbols. In addition, with a view to widening users general Knowledge, appendices containing many interesting, useful and Valuable information have been added.

 McAlpin, David W - A core vocabulary for Tamil. - On Line

*Mousset, Dupuis - Dictionnaire Francais - Tamoul (French - Tamil Dictionary) 1270p, 2001

*Mousset, Dupuis - Dictionnaire Tamoul - Francais (Tamil - French Dictionary)  1668p, 1998

*Jayalalitha Swamy -English - Tamil and Tamil - English Dictionary, 831p, 1999

 *J. Swamy - English-Tamil and Tamil-English Dictionary

*Percival's English-Tamil Dictionary by Winslow, Knight, Spaulding, Pillai 1986

*Percival's English -Tamil Dictionary, 1993

*P. Percival - English - Tamil Dictionary 446p, 1993 

*P. Percival - Tamil - English and English-Tamil Dictionary 743p, 2001

*P Percival, P. Parcival - Tamil - English Dictionary 297p, 2000

*Pope, G.U. - Compendious Tamil - English Dictionary,1986 (** alternative link to Amazon.co.uk)

*G. U. Pope - A Compendious Tamil - English Dictionary : A Handbook of the Tamil Language 98p,1992

*G. U Pope -A Compendious English - Tamil Dictionary: A Handbook of the Tamil Language 112p, 1998

Sura�s English-English-Tamil Dictionary

Publishers Note: - "...was first brought out in 1985 Years of strenuous effort had gone into its preparation, meticulous planning, only with a single motive that it should become an invariable source of reference to all those that need a dictionary. It is now rally gratifying to note that our aim has been greatly fulfilled. For, in no more than three years has gone through two editions and six prints and this points out the popularity it has been enjoying. Encouraged by the sense of accomplishment we decided to bring out yet another edition and make it more useful. We took every effort in removing the errors that had unwittingly crept into the previous prints and presenting in a better way both in quality and appearance..."

Tamil Lexicon -  University of Madras - On Line

*Tucker, Chandran - A Dictionary of English loan-words in modern Tamil : Contributions towards a modern Tamil-English dictionary

*Tucker, Chandran A dictionary of English loan-words in modern Tamil: Contributions towards a modern Tamil-English dictionary  173p, 1986

*Babita Verma, Mrinal Mitra - Star Children's Picture Dictionary - Tamil / English ,1993

Clement J. Victor - Tamil Dictionary & Phrasebook: Tamil-English / English-Tamil, 222p, 2004

"...All Tamil entries are presented in the roman alphabet to aid the English speaker, but the book also introduces the Tamil script with a detailed pronunciation guide. The phrasebook offers guidance to travellers in a range of settings from the hospital to the Internet caf�. Each phrasebook chapter contains a section called 'What You May Hear' that prepares the travellers for common responses in each situation..."

*Visvanatha Pillai - A Tamil-English Dictionary , Rev. and enl. with an appendix of modern scientific terms [8th ed Madras]: Madras School Book and Literature Society, [1972] 743p; 23cm [also online]

*Visvanatha Pillai - Tamil-English Dictionary 1998

*Miron Winslow - Tamil-English dictionary Franz Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden. Originally published in 1862 (1977.)

Miron Winslow - A comprehensive Tamil and English dictionary of high and low Tamil  - On Line

*Miron Winslow - Tamil-English Dictionary (K�lner Sarasvati-Serie) 976p, 1977

*Miron Winslow, Knight, Pillai - English -Tamil Dictionary  1510p 3rd Edition 1999

*Miron Winslow - English-Tamil Dictionary, 1984

*Miron Winslow - A Comprehensive Tamil-English Dictionary 967p, 1998 8th Rep Edition

*Miron Winslow, A Comprehensive Tamil - English Dictionary  990p, 1986

Tamil Dictionaries - On Line
Tamil Dictionary:  Tamil - English, English - Tamil
சென்னை பல்கலைக் கழக அகராதி - Tamil Lexicon - University of Madras
Madras University Dictionary
Mayuran Rajasingam - Tamil Dictionary On Line: German - Tamil - English "Online German-Tamil-English dictionary  with over 50 000 words with translation and automatic spelling correction - an attempt to create a platform where users from all over the world can share their knowledge in the field of translations. Every visitor can suggest new translations and correct or confirm other users' suggestions."

On Line Tamil-Tamil Dictionary

On Line ந. கதிர்வேல் பிள்ளையின் தமிழ் அகராதி  - N. Kathiraiver Pillai's Tamil Moli Akarathi: Tamil-Tamil dictionary
On Line ஜே.பி. பெப்ரீசியசின் தமிழ் அகராதி - J. P. Fabricius's Tamil and English Dictionary.
On Line டேவிட் டபிள்யூ. மெக்அல்பின் தமிழ் அகரமுதலி - A core vocabulary for Tamil - David W McAlpin
On Line வின்ஸ்லோ: ஆங்கிலம் - தமிழ் அகரமுதலி - A comprehensive Tamil and English dictionary of high and low Tamil. - Miron Winslow
On Line Webulagam  Dictionary -  Tamil - English - Tamil
On Line English-Tamil Dictionary
Cologne On Line Tamil Dictionary கொலீன் தமிழ் அகராதி
ஆங்கிலம்-தமிழ்-சிங்கள அகரமுதலி
Online Tamil Lexicon (Dictionary) - TSCII Interface
On Line Raamesh Gowri Raghavan - Tamil - English - Tamil Dictionary
Tamil-English Dictionary -  V. Visvanātha Pillai - Online
Tamil Dictionaries - Downloads
English - Tamil Dictionary in pdf - Indy Ram : Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 - Part 4 - Part 5 - Geetha Ramaswamy - Part 6
Pals Tamil E-Dictionary
Tamil-English dictionary and English-Tamil dictionary (romanized) - Raamesh Gowri Raghavan
Pulavan - Paalam: Tamil-Tamil Dictionary; English - Tamil Dictionary "Panacea�s Pulavan Tamil-Tamil Dictionary is a comprehensive compendium of Tamil words with meanings and cross-references. The basis for this work is the Kazhaga Agaraathi of the Saiva Siddhantha Trust."
English - Tamil Dictionary (pdf)
Technical Tamil Dictionary (pdf)
ஆங்கிலம்-தமிழ் சொற் பட்டியல் (PDF வடிவில்)


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