Tamils - a Trans State Nation..

"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."
Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

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"Increasingly, the Fourth World is emerging as a new force in international politics because in the common defense of their nations, many indigenous peoples do not accept being mere subjects of international law and state sovereignty and trusteeship bureaucracies. Instead, they are organizing and exerting their own participation and policies as sovereign peoples and nations." Fourth World Nations: Conflicts and Alternatives - Bernard Q. Nietschmann

[see also: The Fourth World - Nations without a State ]

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*Sanjib Baruah - India Against Itself : Assam and the Politics of Nationality (Critical Histories Series)  / Hardcover / Published 1999

*Winston A. Van Horne(Editor), Carol Edler Baumann - Global Convulsions : Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism at the End of the Twentieth Century / Paperback / Published 1997

*Anatoly M. Khazanov - After the USSR : Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Politics in the Commonwealth of Independent States    / Hardcover / Published 1996

*Birgit Meyer(Editor), Peter Geschiere (Editor) - Globalization and Identity : Dialectics of Flow and Closure   / Paperback / Published 1999  

*James Minahan, Leonard W. Doob (Introduction) - Nations without States  January 1996

"The book surveys the current status of 210 nations that are not states, and which are not recognized by major countries as being independent political entities. Appendices list declarations of independence by nonstate nations since 1890, geographical distribution, and nationalist organizations.  Minahan discusses the problems involved in establishing criteria for inclusion. Antarctica, for example, publishes postage stamps, but has no citizens; Palestine has embassies but is not an independent state... "

 James Minahan - Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations, 2002

James Minahan - Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World in Four Volumes, 2002  - * Volume I A-C, * Volume II D-K, * Volume III L-R , * Volume IV S-Z

* Joyce Pettigrew ed. Martyrdom and Political Resistance : Essays from Asia and Europe (Comparative Asian Studies, 18)  published by VU University Press for Centre Asian Studies, Amsterdam and is essential reading for those seeking to further their understanding of  the continuing struggles for freedom in many parts of the world.  

From the Preface: "New nations are formed within post-colonial states and old nations gain their freedom from recent empires. At a time like that, it seems pertinent to consider the role of traditions of martyrdom in shaping and sustaining political resistance. This collection of essays, dealing among others with Sikhs in the Punjab. Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka and the IRA in Northern Ireland. explores the social variables that allow the martyr´┐Żs sacrifice to be effectively utilized by a political movement. The essays consider how various forms of social association as well as religious and historical tradition influence the place of the martyr in a resistance struggle and describe the differing social and political processes that affect martyr authentication."

*Yezid Sayigh, Yazid Sayigh - Armed Struggle and the Search for State : The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993  / Hardcover / Published 1997

*Gershon Shafir - Immigrants and Nationalists : Ethnic Conflict and Accommodation in Catalonia, the Basque Country, Latvia, and Estonia  / Paperback / Published 1995

*Ioannis D. Stefanidis, Yiannis D. Stefanidis - Isle of Discord : Nationalism, Imperialism and the Making of the Cyprus Problem  / Hardcover / Published 1999

*Bassam Tibi - Arab Nationalism : Between Islam and the Nation-State  / Paperback / Published 1997



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