Tamils - a Trans State Nation..

"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."
Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

Home Whats New  Trans State Nation  One World Unfolding Consciousness Comments Search
HomeSathyam - Truth is a Pathless Land > Unfolding Consciousness > Spirituality & the Tamil Nation > Yogaswami - the Sage from Eelam


Natchintanai in PDF
Songs & Sayings of Yogaswami
translated from the original Tamil by Members of the Sivathondan Society, 2004

Table of Contents
Appendices including Details of Saiva Symbolism
Some Sayings of Yogaswamy in Tamil
Some Sayings of Yogaswamy - in English translated from Tamil
யாத்திரையும் யாத்திரிகனும் - பராசக்தி சுந்தரலிங்கம்
Yoga Swami: The Sage of Lanka by Santhaswami (Viscount Lord Soulbury), 1995
Yogaswamy:the Sage from Tamil Eelam - M.Thanapal
Philosophy of Sivayogaswami - Dr. K. Ganesalingam, Adheenap Pulavar, London Meykandar Adheenam 

Yogaswamy - Words of Our Master - 1093 Sayings collated by Markandu Swami, A.Chellathurai, Santhaswami, & M.Sri Khanta, 1972

Chellappa Swamy's Guru - Kadai Swami of Jaffna

Related Off Site Links

Book on Yogaswamy released in Kilinochchi, 20 November 2004
A book titled "Yogaswamy and Kilinochchi: A Spiritual Journey" describing the spiritual association of the popular Columbuthurai, Jaffna, sage Yogaswamy with Kilinochchi district was released on 19 November 2004 at the Kilinochchi Cultural Center by Srimath Aathma Ganananthaji swamy from Colombo Ramakrishna Mission.
Homage to Yogaswami 

Spirituality & the Tamil Nation

Yogaswami - the Sage from Eelam

"எல்லாம் எப்பவோ முடிந்த காரியம்
- everything was over long, long ago."

(1872 - 1964)

yoga.JPG (10167 bytes)"Saint Yogaswami ... is a great saint of universal love - a true Siddha in whom Love that is verily God, blossomed forth in all its perfection. The feeling of oneness with the universe allows no running away from society. Renunciation is not renouncing the world but the renunciation of the dichotomy born of the feeling of the I and the mine..." (T.P. Meenakshisundaran, Sometime Vice Chancellor, Madurai University,  writing in 'Saint Yogaswamy and the Testament of Truth' by Ratna Chelliah Navaratnam, 1972)

" His very name came to mean wisdom, mystery, spiritual power and knowledge of the timeless, formless, spaceless Self within, Parasiva. He was one of those rare souls, like the rishis of yore, living in the infinity of Truth within all things, which he called Siva. He was revered equally by Hindus, Buddhists and Muslims. Devotees continue to honour him with pada puja, worship of the master's feet, which contains the fullness of enlightenment and hold the promise of our own spiritual freedom..." (Hinduism Today)

Know thyself by thyself

Courtesy: Hinduism Today

"At 3:30am on a Wednesday, in May of 1872, a son was born to Ambalavanar and Sinnachi Amma not far from the Kandaswamy temple in Maviddapuram, Eelam (Sri Lanka). He was named Sadasivan. His mother died before he reached age 10. His aunt and uncle raised him. In his school days he was bright, but independent, often studying alone high in the mango trees. After finishing school, he joined government service as a storekeeper in the irrigation department and served for years in the verdant backwoods of Kilinochchi.

The decisive point of his life came when he found his guru outside Nallur Temple in 1905. As he walked along the road, Sage Chellappan, a disheveled sadhu, shook the bars from within the chariot shed where he camped and shouted loudly at the passing brahmachari, "Hey! Who are you?" Sadasivan was transfixed by that simple, piercing, inquiry. "There is not one wrong thing!" "It is as it is! Who knows?" the jnani roared, and suddenly everything vanished in a sea of light. The world was renounced in that instant.

At a later encounter amid a festival crowd, Chellappa ordered him, "Go within; meditate; stay here until I return." He came back three days later to find Yogawami still waiting for his master.

Yogaswami surrendered himself completely to his guru, and life for him became one of intense spiritual discipline, severe austerity and stern trials. One such trial, ordered by Chellappa, was a continuous meditation which Chellappa demanded of Sadasivan and Kathiravelu in 1909. For 40 days and nights the two disciples sat upon a large flat rock. Chellappa came each day and gave them only tea or water. On the morning of the fortieth day, the guru brought some stringhoppers. Instead of feeding the hungry yogis, he threw the food high in the air, proclaiming, "That's all I have for you. Two elephants cannot be tied to one post." It was his way of saying two powerful men cannot reign in one place. Following this ordination, their sannyas diksha, he sent the initiates away and never received them again.

Chellappa passed in 1911. Yogaswami, obeying his guru's last orders, sat on the roots of a huge olive tree at Colombuthurai. Under this tree he stayed, exposed to the roughest weather, unmindful of the hardship, and serene as ever. This was his home for the next few years. Intent on his meditative regime, he would chase away curious onlookers and worshipful devotees with stones and harsh words. 

After years of austere meditation under an Illupai (olive) tree, he was persuaded to inhabit a small hut in Colombuthurai made by loving devotees. Here it was his habit to wake up early and in the dark before dawn light camphor in worship of the holy sandals, the thiruvadi. of his guru. Once the sun arose, he would stride through the country side, walking many miles each day.  Few recognized his attainment.

But this changed significantly one day when he traveled by train from Colombo to Jaffna. An esteemed and scholarly pandit riding in another car repeatedly stated he sensed a " great jyoti" (a light) on the train. When he saw Siva Yogaswami disembark, he cried, "You see! There he is." The pandit cancelled his discourses, located and rushed to Siva Yogaswami's ashram, prostrating at his feet. His visit to the hut became the clarion call that here indeed was a worshipful being.

From then on people of all ages and all walks of life, irrespective of creed, caste or race, went to Yogaswami. They sought solace and spiritual guidance, and none went away empty-handed. He influenced their lives profoundly. Decades passed and he came to be Illathusiddhar, the Perfected one of sea-girt Illangai. Later people of all walks of life, all nations and paths came for his darsan.  Many realized how blessed they were only after years had passed. Yogaswami's infinite compassion never ceased to impress. He would regularly walk long miles to visit Chellachchi Ammaiyar, a saintly woman immersed in meditation and tapas. Yogaswami would feed her and attend to duties as she sat in samadhi. Upon her directive, her devotees, some the most learned elite of Sri Lanka, transferred their devotion to Satguru Yogaswami after her passing.

He would mysteriously enter the homes of devotees just when they needed him, when ill or at the time of their death. He would stand over them, apply holy ash and safeguard their passage. He was also known to have remarkable healing powers and a comprehensive knowledge of medicinal uses of herbs. Countless stories tell how he healed from afar. He would prepare remedies for ill devotees. Cures always came as he prescribed.When not out visiting devotees, Yogaswami would receive them in his hut. From dawn to dusk they came and listened, rapt in devotion.

In 1940, Yogaswami went to India on pilgrimage to Banaras and Chidambaram. His famous letter from Banaras states, "After wanderings far in an earnest quest, I came to Kasi and saw the Lord of the Universe--within myself. The herb that you seek is under your feet."

One day he visited Sri Ramana Maharshi at his Arunachalam Ashram. The two simply sat all afternoon, facing each other in elequent silence. Not a word was spoken. Back in Jaffna he explained, "We said all that had to be said."

Followers became more numerous, so he gave them all work to do, seva to God and to the community. In December, 1934, he had them begin his monthly journal, Sivathondan, meaning both "servant of Siva" and "service to Siva." As the years progressed, Swami more and more enjoyed traversing the Jaffna peninsula by car, and it became a common sight to see him chaperoned through the villages.

On February 22, 1961, Swami went outside to give his cow, Valli, his banana leaf after eating, as he always did. Valli was a gentle cow. But this day she rushed her master, struck his leg and knocked him down. The hip was broken, not a trivial matter for an 89-year-old in those days. Swami spent months in the hospital, and once released was confined to a wheelchair.

Devotees were heart-stricken by the accident, yet he remained unshaken. He ever affirmed, "Siva's will prevails within and without--abide in His will."Swami was now confined to his ashram, and devotees flocked to him in even greater numbers, for he could no longer escape on long walks. He was, he quipped, "captured." With infinite patience and love, he meted out his wisdom, guidance and grace throughout his final few years.

At 3:30 am on a Wednesday in March of 1964, Yogaswami passed quietly from this Earth at age 91. The nation stopped when the radio spread news of his Great Departure, and devotees thronged to Jaffna to bid him farewell. Though enlightened souls are often interred, it was his wish to be cremated. Today, a temple complex is being erected on the site of the hut from which he ruled Lanka for 50 years. .

His very name came to mean wisdom, mystery, spiritual power and knowledge of the timeless, formless, spaceless Self within, Parasiva. He was one of those rare souls, like the rishis of yore, living in the infinity of Truth within all things, which he called Siva. He was revered equally by Hindus, Buddhists and Muslims. Devotees continue to honour him with pada puja, worship of the master's feet, which contains the fullness of enlightenment and hold the promise of our own spiritual freedom...

Yogaswami articulated his teachings in hundreds of poems and songs, called Natchintanai or Mahavakyam.

up Sayings of Yogasawami in Tamil

Yogaswamy Quotes

up Sayings of Yogaswami -

translated from the original Tamil, Sivathondan Society, Jaffna, Tamil Eelam

From the Introduction to Songs and Sayings of Yogaswami,
published by the Sivathondan Society, Jaffna, 1974...

"The fundamental aim of all religions is the realization of Truth. This is a matter of direct experience, in which neither the mind nor the intellect nor any human faculty is involved. It is a question of being. There is only one Reality, which is God or ' That ' (tat), so that ' realization of Truth ' means being aware that you are one with God or that you are ' That' (tat tvam asi). This is the meaning of  "know thyself". He who knows himself knows everything and is one who has attained liberation while in the human body (jivanmukta). There is nothing left for him to do, but to help others to come to the same realization. Such a man is the true master (sat-guru).

Those who have attained this state are exceedingly rare. But one such 'realized soul ' was living in Jaffna, in North Ceylon (Tamil Eelam), for over ninety years, and left his body only in 1964. The contents of this book are his songs and sayings. These flowed from him spontaneously and were written down at the time by anyone who happened to be present.   No intellectual process was involved. He was the mouthpiece of the Divine.

It is thought best to let the contents of the book speak for themselves.

Commentaries and expositions can all too easily mislead rather than lead, and the more profound the original the greater this danger becomes.

For the commentator will, in all probability, only comment from his particular view-point and on his particular level. But writings of deep wisdom can be understood on many different levels and from many different points of view, some of which may even appear contradictory, since on the relative plane Truth can often only be expressed in contradictions. Therefore it is better for each reader to extract what he can for himself according to his nature and level of understanding.

However, for those not familiar with the background against which all that appears in this book is portrayed, some words of explanation are necessary; but it is intended to limit these to what is needed from the point of views of intelligibility alone. The language from which the following translations have been made is Tamil. This is the tongue of most of the people of South India and of the inhabitants of North and North-East Ceylon (Tamil Eelam). It is a Dravidian language of very ancient origin. The majority of the Tamils and of other members of the Dravidian races are Hindus. All the truths that are contained within the pages of this book have been expressed in Hindu terms and forms ..."

Netti, Netti...

I will not think of  It as ' one ' or ' two '.
I will not approach It as ' good ' or ' bad '.
I will not say that It was or that It is.
I will not know what has been or what is to come.

I will not consider that there is no wrong things.
I will not think of guru and disciple.
I will not state that there is two-fold karma.
I will not say it is the conclusion of the Vedas.

I will not be moved by praise or blame.
I will not make happiness my goal.
I will not be deluded by those who flatter me.
I will not suffer through repeating " Aham Brahmasmi"

I will not declare that there is unceasing love.
I will not advise to give or not to give.
I will not have respect for fools or sages.
I will not say It is the beginning, the middle or the end.

I will not be aware of it as ' five ' or ; six ' or eight '
I will not entertain the thought of treachery or deceit.
I will not have liking for grief or indignation.
I will not show preference for nectar or for poison.

My Master - The exalted seer, my master who by the name of Chellappan is called, the madman

Guru and s'ishya: Chellappa Swami (seated) and Yogaswami from the cover of T�radi Chellapp� Cuv�mikal
I saw my guru at Nallur

"Hey, who are you?" (Nee yaar?) he cried.
"Dive deep within and realize!"
"Give up attachment"
"All is well, my son" (Oru poll�ppum illai)
As the divine guru to bestow true life upon me
He appeared and showed to me His feet and made me His man.
If sufferings crowd in on you in hordes
If your shortcomings seek you out and drown you
Think of the feet of Chellappan and they will take to their heels and fly.

Wisdom in couplets

Near the house of the car, holy Chellappan would teach:
"There is not one wrong thing" (Oru poll�ppum illai)
That sage the saying has declared:
"All is truth" (Muzhutum unmai)
This no one can describe.
Know that for our benefit he gave the sweet and sacred word:
"Nothing do we know" (N�m ariy�m)
Before his devotees he formerly would say:
"This all is perfected and complete" (Eppav� mudinta k�riyam)

Come, Oh, My Mind!

Come, offer worship, Oh my mind!
To gurunathan's holy feet,
Who said, "There is not one wrong thing" (Oru poll�ppum illai)

And comforted my heart.
Come swiftly, swiftly, Oh my mind!
That I may adore the Lord
Who on me certainly bestowed
By saying "All is truth" (Muzhutum unmai)

Let us with confidence, Oh my mind!
Hasten to visit Him
Who at Nallur upon that day,
"We do not know" declared. (N�m ariy�m)

Come soon and quickly, Oh my mind!
Chellappan to see,
Who ever and anon repeats
"It is as it is." (Eppav� mudinta k�riyam)

Come, Oh my mind!
To sing of him, who near the car proclaimed
"Who knows?" with glad and joyful heart
For all the world to know.

Chellappan, the Sivaguru

He who is devoid of form as the guru of Nallur
Came and bestowed on me His grace.
The Lord Supreme, Who has become the universe entire,
Came Himself to great Nallur and said "We do not know"
He, who in writing cannot be described
As a guru came to this world
In nothing are we lacking

Tamil Mahavakyas

"All is truth" -- (Muzhutum unmai)
This world devoid of defect
Will paradise reveal to you
Give praise and worship and in joy abide!
"There is nothing wrong" -- (Oru poll�ppum illai)
This matchless saying that the guru told
Will impart to you right understanding
Live, ever strewing flowers in reverence

"Who knows?" -- (�r ariv�r?)
This utterance of the master The highest knowledge will bestow
Live guarding it with honour in your heart!

"We do not know" -- (N�m ariy�m)
These words in virtue shining
Will grant prosperity and bliss divine
Rely on them without delay and live!

"All is finished" -- (Eppav� mudinta k�riyam)
This statement of the sage will to a settled mind
The Supreme State disclose
Live, offering flowers with love at the dawn of day!

These words will banish birth
Which in Tamil pure are sung
By the devotee, who ne'er
Forgets his master's lotus feet.

up Yoga Swami: The Sage of Lanka by Santhaswami (Viscount Lord Soulbury)

(courtesy: Sri Lanka Island, 4 June 1995)

The 123rd birth anniversary of Yoga Swami fell on 21st May 1995. The following article was written by Santhaswami who was the elder son of the late Lord Soulbury, former Governor-General of Sri Lanka. On the death of his father, he inherited his viscountcy and became a member of the House of Lords. He had sought Yoga Swami's permission to renounce his viscountcy in favour of his younger brother, but Swami refused. Instead, he initiated him and gave him the name Santhaswami.

The fundamental aim of all religions is the realization of Truth. This is a matter of direct experience in which neither the mind nor the intellect nor any human faculty is involved. It is a question of being. There is only one reality, which is God or 'That' (tat) so that realization of truth means being aware that you are one with God or that you are "that' (Tat tvam asi). This is the meaning of 'know thyself'. He who knows himself knows everything and is one who has attained liberation while in the human body (jivanmukta). There is nothing left for him to do but to help others to come to the same realization. Such a person is the true master (sat-guru).

Those who have attained this state are exceedingly rare. But one such 'realized soul' lived in the North of Sri Lanka for over ninety years and left his body only in March 1964. He was known as Yoga Swami and took birth a hundred and twenty-one years ago. He received his early education in a Christian missionary school and, either then or later, acquired a good knowledge of English.

After leaving school, he was employed for some years as a storekeeper in the Irrigation Department at a place about forty miles south of Jaffna. During this time, in his early manhood, he met his guru -- Chellappa Swami. Soon afterwards he gave up his job -- and everything else -- in order to follow him.

Thirst for truth

Chellappa Swami was usually to be found in the neighborhood of Nallur, now a suburb of Jaffna town, but once the capital of the Tamil kings of the place. The is situated the most important temple in Jaffna, dedicated to Kandaswami or Murugan. Close to the temple itself is a large building used to house the massive wooden chariot in which the image of Murugan is drawn round the temple on the occasion of the yearly festival.

This was Chellappa Swami's favourite haunt and the place where the imparted most of his teaching to his disciples. He did not do anything but wandered about as he pleased, clothed in rags and begging for food for his sustenance. Most people thought that he was mad, for he would often throw stones at those who tried to approach him and abuse them in language.
Only very few had the purity of mind and heart and understanding to perceive his true greatness and to detect the unlimited wealth that he had in his power to bestow. Yoga Swami was one of the lucky few. Even he was chastened and driven out many a time, but Yoga Swami withstood all these because of his thirst for realizing the Truth.

Driven out

It would appear that Yoga Swami was with his guru only for a few years. At a certain point of time he was driven out and told to "Stand on your own legs!". There is also a story that when he came to visit Chellappa Swami in the final stages of his last illness, the latter would not allow him to enter the hut in which he was lying, but shouted from within, "Stand outside and see!"
During the eyars immediately before and after Chellappa Swami's Mah�sam�dhi, Yoga Swami was living under a tree at Columbuthurai on the outskirts of Jaffna town. At this time he appears to have been practising severe austerities and in his outward behaviour to have followed the example of his master, for he would drive away those who tried to approach him.
But gradually, as more and more devotees gathered round him, his austere demeanour seems to have been relaxed, and he was eventually persuaded to occupy a small hut in the garden of a house near the tree under which he had been living. This remained his 'base' for the rest of his life. There devotees would come to him for help in all their problems, usually in the early mornings and in the evenings.


Since the majority of his followers were Hindus, his teaching was expressed mainly in Hindu terms, but he himself was beyond all distinctions of religion. Buddhists, Christians, Muslims and agnostics would all come to him for help and guidance, for he had reached the summit to which philosophies and religions are merely paths. Like a good doctor he knew what was best for each of his 'patients' and altered his 'prescriptions' accordingly. His teaching embraced all the yogas and at the same time lay beyond all of them.

Nearly all his devotees were householders and engaged in some employment or other, and apart from one or two exceptions, he rarely advised them to retire from their employment. People would often come and say that they wanted to give up their jobs in order to be able to devote more time to spiritual practices but he did not usually encourage them to do this, since, for him, the whole of man's life had to be made a spiritual practice and he would not admit any division of human activity into holy and unholy.


To most of those who came to see him, he would end by saying "Now go and do your work!" He laid great emphasis on work and work for work's sake -- that is, Karma Yoga. This like Siva dhyana (meditation on God or what is Real), was one of the 'medicines' that in one form or another, he most frequently administered. He gave no lectures and held no classes. His teaching was given spontaneously as it came either at his hut in the mornings or evenings or at some apparently chance encounters in the bazaar or in the streets or maybe, if a devotee was sufficiently fortunate, at a surprise visit to his own house. Most of what he said was usually intended for one particular individual though others present would of course also profit from it.

Yogaswami towards the end of his life

Good thoughts

He untiringly tried to raise his followers to the understanding that Truth lies beyond all forms. Throughout his life he also did his best in many different ways to encourage and revive the proper observance of traditional practices and every evening at dusk, a lamp, symbolizing he sacred fire, would be lit in his hut and certain devotional hymns sung in his presence. As his followers became more and more numerous, he gave them work to do and encouraged them to translate into Tamil a few writings in Sanskrit or English that he considered to be important.

In 1953 he made them start a monthly paper devoted exclusively to religious subjects. In every issue would appear one of his songs. These songs, to which he gave the name of Natchyintanai -- that is, 'Good Thoughts' -- flowed from him spontaneously and might come forth at any moment.

In 1935 he sanctioned, at the desire of some of his followers, the establishment of a place in Jaffna town where they could meet and this developed into a centre where they were able to practise meditation, sing devotional songs, hold classes in religion and philosophy and generally carry on any activities useful for spiritual growth.


The name which he gave to the paper, to the institutuion and to the organization which controlled it was Sivathondan. Siva is God and Thondan has the meaning of servant and also that of devotee, so that the word Sivathondan signifies a devoted servant of God or one whose service is devoted to God, that is, one who does everything that he has to do for God and not for himself.

Everything is God's work and in one sense everyone, every being, is doing Sivathondan. But man has won the unique privilege of being able to do it consciously. To make use of this rare opportunity is the best and easiest way open to him in this age of purifying himself, subjugating his ego and attaining therely that unalloyed happiness which is his birthright.

up Yogaswamy - The Sage from Tamil Eelam - M.Thanapal

The Hindu Scriptures have recorded with penetrating insight, the significance role of the Spiritual preceptors, who have from age to age contributed to the undying renoun of the Guru Paramparai and who have built up a continual tradition of Guru Tattvam. The young Nachiketas learn the nature of Truth from Yama. Maitreyi from Sage Yagnavakkya Bhrigu from Varuna, Narada from Sanat Kuamar and the four aged Rishis of old sat at the feet of the Adi Guru Dhakshanamurthi.

The spiritual knowledge was handed from Guru to disciple in succession in the unbroken tradition of the Sanatana Dharma. The advent of Siva Yogaswami of in Tamil Eelam marks one such phenomenon. His Spiritual advent had a subtle impact on the people in their progress in Spiritual, mental and physical planes of living. In Eelam, Triad KadaiSwami, Chellappa Swami and Yogaswami lived and moved from middle of the nineteenth century and the middle of the twentieth century. Nallur Chellappa, the mad man of Nallur Theradi imparted the Yogamirtham, the nectarine wisdom of the ancient seers to Siva Yogaswami of Columbuthurai, whose Natchinthanai reflections embodied the priceless legacy of the Ilankai Yoga Guru Paramparai. In Natchinthanai reflections, there are many moving compositions and references to his initiation by Sat Guru Chellappa Swami. We quote some of the cantos which according to many devotees Yogaswami used to sing frequently in his Ashram and whose magnetic impact was exhilarating and elevating.

When I saw my Guru for the first time,

Seated on the steps leading to the chariot of Murugan,
"Who are You?" He shouted.
"Deliberate within", said he in jovial mirth.
"Give up attachments", was his refrain.

His very name to mean wisdom, mystery, spiritual power and knowledge of the timeless, formless, spaceless Self within, Parasiva. He was one of those rare souls, like the rishis of yore, living in the infinity of Truth within all things, which he called Siva. He found his Guru amid a festival crowd outside Nallur Temple in 1905. As he walked by Sage Chellappa, shook the bars from within the chariot shed, shouting at the passing brahmachari, "Hey! Who are you?". And in that moment Yogaswami was transfixed. "There is not one wrong thing!", "It is as it is! Who knows?" the Gnani roared, and suddenly everything vanished in a sea of light. The world was renounced in that instant.

After Chellappa's mahasamadhi in 1915, Yogaswami undertook five years of intense sadhana, moving about Jaffna and the entire island on foot. Later people of all walks of life, all nations and paths came for his darshan. Yogaswami lived from 1872 to 1964, revered equally by Hindus, Buddhists and Muslims. Yogaswami articulated his teachings in hundreds of poems and songs, called Natchinthanai or Mahavakyam�Sarvam Sivam Seyal, Sarvam Sivamayam and Summa Iru�..

up Philosophy of Sivayogaswami - Dr. K. Ganesalingam, Adheenap Pulavar, London Meykandar Adheenam  


Sivayogaswami was a mystic saint who attracted many from home and abroad. Prominent among the western disciples was the American born Subramuniyaswami (1927�2001) who founded the Kauai Aadheenam and the temple complex in Hawaii. His successor and present head of this Adheenam is Bodhinatha Veylanswami.

Came in the Saiva Siddhanta tradition of Jaffna (Yazhpanam), Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Yogaswami (1872�1964) was giving solace and spiritual guidance to many. His teachings are given in the Tamil book Natchinthanai as poetry and prose, mostly in poetic form. A study of this book would show the philosophical views of Yogaswamy.

For those who have not come in the Saiva-Tamil tradition, his philosophical views may appear to be a mixture of Siddhanta and Vedanta. Main area where this is seen is the one relating to God and soul. However, a careful study of the book would reveal that they are actually Siddhanta views.

�Soul is one; it is Brahmam or God�, are Vedanta views. Following lines in Natchinthanai reflect these views:

 �Soul as Siva is for those of understanding� (Seevan Sivan enal therinaarkkundu)

�It is a joy to seek as we are Siva� ( Naam Sivanena naaduthal inpame)

�Are you not the aspect of Siva?� (Nee Sivaththin amsam allavaa?)

Sivayogaswami also says that you, I and all are Siva.  Perhaps because of these words of him Kauai Aadheenam has given its philosophical conclusion, which is Vedantic, as follows:

�They are eternally perfect and one with God Siva. We are That. We do not become That.� � (Aadheenam�s booklet, �All about Kuai�s Hindu Monastery�, Himalayan Acdemy, USA, 2006)

�We are That (Brahmam, God)� or �I am That� is the Vedanta interpretation of the Veda mahavakya, �Aham Brahmasmi�. Siddhanta interpretation is �I become That�. Obviously Kauai Aadheenam accepts the Vedanta interpretation and refutes the Siddhanta interpretation. It gives its Vedantic interpretation as Saiva Siddhanta truth, and that also as told by Sivayogaswamikal.

While Kauai Aadheenm reads Vedanta views in the words of Sivayogaswami, most of his teachings indicate that Saiva Siddhanta was his philosophy. Even the lines given above, if interpreted correctly in the background of the Saiva tradition in which he came, would not be understood in the Vedantic way.

According to Saiva Siddhanta, souls are many and eternal like God. They are also separate from God. It also speaks of Anavam, which is the source of our ego, the I-ness, ignorance, hatred etc. Existence of anavam is not found in Vedanta or any other Indian philosophy.

Soul is in association with anavam and acts as one with it. This relationship is called Advaita relationship. Advaita means �not two�. Soul should strive to break its advaita relationship with anavam and develop the advaita relationship with God. (Meaning of Advaita relationship in Siddhanta is different from that in Vedanta). St. Thayumanavar asks, �When could I attain the advaita relationship with God, like the advaita relationship I had with anavam?�

In the chapter, �Let us meditate on Siva� (�Sivaththiyaanam Seivom�), in Natchinthanai, Yogaswami states, �Remove the anavam of I-ness, we are That�. Removing the anavam is a Siddhanta view. Saying �We are That�, is a Vedanta view. However, identifying with Lord Siva, and considering ourselves as He, is called Sivohambavana, which finds place in Saiva religion.

Sivohambavana is stressed as an essential part of the spiritual exercise in Saiva Siddhanta tradition. It helps one to snap all his worldly attachments, and develop attachment to Lord Siva. This is explained by Yogaswami at many places in Natchinthani. The line, �It is a joy to seek as we are Siva�, given above, is an example. Few other lines are,

�Meditate, soul is Siva�

�Say I am He and meditate daily; all the mental attachments (aasai) will disappear and Grace of Siva will be showered�.

Yogaswami also speaks as follows:

�Oh the mind, Worship as one (with me) the Being that shines as this world, soul and higher Reality�.

�Believe in God ---- Think that I am not---- God is existing --- Whoever thinks of something, he becomes that --- Ultimately all will be seen as He�.

Such teachings of Yogaswamy clearly indicate that he speaks of contemplating as �I am Siva�, which is Sivohambavana. He also uses the word �bavanai� in these teachings. His words,�Whoever thinks of something, he becomes that� explains the basis of Sivohambanai. These show that he considers the soul as different from Siva, which is a Siddhanta view. This is clearly seen in the following words of his:

�I have the greatness (�mahimai�) to meditate as I am He. In whatever way one meditates, he becomes in that way�.

Siddhanta views are also given directly by him at many places. Following are some such views relating to God and soul:

�You are not the mind, not budthi, not chitham. You are Atma. Atma never perishes.--- Practice as the soul is in the presence God. --- God exists inside and outside.�

�Siva, in His inherent form, is inseparable from Sakthy�.

�If the thirty six tatvas leave away -----.�.

�Transcending the six aatharams ---�

�Praise to the Satguru who made me as the one who transcended the tatvas (thaththuvaatheethan) by removing the six paths of Aththuva --.�

These are Saiva Siddhanta views found in Sivagnanabodham and other Siddhanta texts. They are not Vedanta views. Many more such Siddhanta views are seen in his Natchnthanai book.

When Sivayogaswami clearly expresses Saiva Siddhanta views in his Natchinthanai book, it is unfortunate that Kauai Aadheenam chose very few lines in it and reading Vedanta in his words. Correct interpretation of such lines which appears to reflect Vedanta views is as follows:

1. �He makes the innumerable souls� (�Alakil uyirkalai aakkuvaan avane�)

In Tamil language the word �uyirkal� means �souls�. However, in usage it also denotes the physical bodies of living beings. In Saiva Siddhanta, creation means the soul obtaining a physical body. This body is made from maya and given to the soul by God. (Maya in Vedanta is different from that in Siddhanta).

When Yogaswami said �He makes the innumerable (alakil) souls�, what he meant is that God creates the physical bodies of living beings. He also indicates that souls are many by giving an adjective �alakil�. In one of his letters (Thrumukangkal), he refers to the souls as �mannuyir� meaning �eternal soul�. It is to be noted that his choice of Tamil words relates mostly to words in Saiva devotional and philosophical texts.

These are not properly understood by Kauai Aadheenam which, knowingly or unknowingly, gives out its view that �soul is one, and it is God�, as Siddhanta concept.

2.  �Soul as Siva is for those of understanding� (�Seevan Sivanenal therinarkkundu�)

To think of soul as Siva comes out as a practice of Sivohambavana. One with spiritual understanding would see himself as Siva and everything as Siva.

3. �It is a joy to seek as we are Siva� ( Naam Sivanena naaduthal inpame)

This again is Sivohambavana.

4. �Are you not the aspect of Siva?� (�Nee Sivaththin amsamallavah?�)

We, the souls, are in the form of icchai, gnanam and kiiyai, which are our capabilities. For this reason, the soul is also referred to as iccha gnna kiriya sorupi. Sivasakthy is also in this form. Our capabilities are impaired by the associated anavam.  If not for anavam we would be like Siva, as an aspect of Him, but never equal to Him or part of Him. Eighth aphorism (sutra) of Sivagnanabodham indicates it by saying that the true nature of soul is to be in the company of Lord Siva who is not alien to it.

Given above are few examples of Natchintanai lines which need correct interpretation. Kauai Adheenam has given incorrect interpretation and injected alien views into Saiva Siddhanta, in the name of Yogaswami. It has also incorrectly interpreted Thirumanthiram and other Saiva texts, paving the way for a new brand of Saiva philosophy. This was exposed earlier by Siddhanta scholars. Two books which give the exposition and refutation of the views of this Aadheenam are, �Souls Are Beginningless� and �There Has Always Been Only A Pluralistic Saiva Siddhnta Philosophy�. These books were written by V.K.Palasuntharam and issued by Selangor Ceylon Saivites Association of Malaysia in 1984.

A careful study of Natchinthanai shows that the philosophy of Yogaswami is Saiva Siddhanta.  For correct interpretation of Sivayogaswami�s words, one should have Siddhanta knowledge and must be familiar with the Saiva Tamil tradition in which this mystic saint was born.


Mail Us Copyright 1998/2009 All Rights Reserved Home