Verse 601 The eternal flame of a family vanishes When eclipsed by that dark
cloud called laziness.
Verse 602 Let those who wish their family to be a noble family Call laziness
"laziness" and live without it.
Verse 603 A man whose actions are ruled by ruinous indolence Will see his
family fall before his own destrution.
Verse 604 Their family will perish and their vices will thrive when men,
Ensnared in sloth, do not put forth earnest exertion.
Verse 605 Procrastination, forgetfulness, laziness and sleep - these four
form the coveted ship which bears men to their destined ruin.
Verse 606 Seldom do men possessed by sloth achieve anything special, Even
when supported by the earth's wealthy proprietors.
Verse 607 The lazy ones, inept in noble exertion, Invite sharp scoldings and
must endure the shame of scornful words.
Verse 608 If lassitude is allowed to live in aristocrats, They will be forced
into servitude under foes.
Verse 609 Disgrace that has come upon a man and his family Will disappear the
moment he casts out laziness.
Verse 610 A king who is devoid of indolence will procure thereby, All that
cosmic province measured by God's immeasurable strides.
Verse 611 Never say in weakness, "This task is too difficult," For
perseverance will give the ability to accomplish it.
Verse 612 Beware of leaving any work undone, for the world Will abandon those
who abandon their work unfinished.
Verse 613 The pride of profuse giving dwells only With the dignity of
Verse 614 Like the swordsmanship of an effimate man, The philanthropy of
those who avoid hard work will end in failure.
Verse 615 He who prefers work to pleasure supports his family Like a pillar,
sweeping away 9their0 every sad sorrow.
Verse 616 Perseverance creates prosperity, And the lack of it produces
Verse 617 They say the black ogress called Misfortune lurks in laziness,
While goddess Fortune lingers in the laboring toils of active men.
Verse 618 To be devoid of good fortune is no one's disgrace. But shame
belongs to those destitute of knowledge and tenacity.
Verse 619 Though destiny decrees one's deeds will fail, The wages for
determined work are always paid.
Verse 620 Those who strive with tireless exertion and remain undaunted Will
see the backside of retreating Fate.
Being Undaunted by Troubles
Verse 621 Laugh when troubles come your way. There is nothing better to
Verse 622 A flood of troubles will vanish the moment The mind of a wise man
collects itself to face them.
Verse 623 Trouble itself they send away troubled Who do not trouble
themselves at the sight of it.
Verse 624 Troubles will be troubled before the man who faces them Like the
determined bullock that wades through every difficulty.
Verse 625 Though massed upon him like a mountain, A man's afflictions will be
afflicted by his undaunted will.
Verse 626 Those who do not guard wealth gathered and boast, "I earned it,"
Will not, in poorer times, bemoan, "I have become destitute."
Verse 627 Knowing this body to be the prey of misery, High souls, expecting
troubles, do not accept them troubled.
Verse 628 Declaring difficulties to be quite natural, Those who do not pursue
life's pleasures will not suffer its sorrows.
Verse 629 He who does not long for joy in joy Will not suffer sorrow in
Verse 630 He who does not distinguish pain from pleasure Becomes so
distinguished even enemies hope to pay homage.
On Wealth Part 2
Essentials Of the State Ministers
Verse 631 A minister is he who can conceive a great enterprise, rightly
choose the ways, The means and the time, then successfully accomplish it.
Verse 632 A minister is he who, in addition to the above five, is
well-endowed With steadfastness, protection of the people, learning and
Verse 633 He who can divide the enemy, bind friends more firmly And reunite
estranged allies is indeed a minister.
Verse 634 Call him a minister who comprehends things, Executes them
effectively and directs others firmly.
Verse 635 The helpful minister is he who understands virtue, is learned and
Deliberate in speech and discerns what is fit in every situation.
Verse 636 When subtle intelligence combines with scholastic study, Who can
stand before such peerless subtlty?
Verse 637 Though you have learned theoretical methods, Act only after you
know the world's practices.
Verse 638 Though his leader lacks knowledge and repels advice, The loyal
minister's obligation is to cry out his counsel.
Verse 639 Better for the king to face 700 million distant foes Than befriend
a single counselor who conspires at his side.
Verse 640 Though they may devise the perfect plan, Those without executive
abilities never finish their work.
Verse 641 Among a man's many good possessions, A good command of speech has
Verse 642 Prosperity and ruin issue from the power of the tongue. Therefore,
guard yourself against thoughtless speech.
Verse 643 The content of worthy speech binds friends more closely, And its
eloquence draws even enemies to listen.
Verse 644 Judge the nature of your listeners and speak accordingly. There is
nothing more virtuous or valuable than this.
Verse 645 Speak out your speech. Once it is known, No speech can be spoken to
refute that speech.
Verse 646 To speak so listeners long to hear more and to listen So others'
meaning is grasped are the ideals of the impeccably great.
Verse 647 In a war of words none can defeat an eloquent man Who never
succumbs to fear or confusion.
Verse 648 Upon finding men whose forceful speech is couched In cogent and
enchanting ways, the world swiftly gathers around.
Verse 649 Unaware of the artful use of a few flawless words, Men become
enamored with excessive syllables.
Verse 650 Men who cannot communicate their knowledge to others Resemble a
bouquet of unfragrant flowers in full bloom.
Verse 651 Good friendships bring wealth to a man, But goodness of action
fulfills his every desire.
Verse 652 Actions which bring fame but no real benefit Are to be avoided
Verse 653 Declaring that their future will be brighter, Men desist from deeds
that darken glory's light.
Verse 654 However troubled the times, men of unperturbable perception Never
commit shamful or sordid deeds.
Verse 655 Do nothing that would make you regret, "What have I done!" However,
do not remain regretful if regretable deeds do occur.
Verse 656 Though he must behold his own mother's hunger, Let a man refrain
from deeds that wise men condemn.
Verse 657 The worst poverty of worthy men is far better Than wealth amassed
by improper means.
Verse 658 Even when accomplished, forbidden deeds afflict sorrow On those who
seek after, rather than shun, them.
Verse 659 What is gained by tears will go by tears. In the end, goodness
Reaps many good things, though it begins with loss.
Verse 660 Protecting the country by wrongly garnered wealth Is like
preserving water in an unbaked pot of clay.
Resoluteness of Action
Verse 661 What is called resoluteness of action is, in truth, Resoluteness of
mind. All other qualities are not that.
Verse 662 To avoid all action that is bound to fail and not to be discouraged
by Failures are said to be the two guiding principles of reflective men.
Verse 663 To reveal an action only after completion is resoluteness. To
disclose that action earlier causes countless difficulties.
Verse 664 It is easy for anyone to speak of a plan, But it is difficult
indeed to execute what has been spoken.
Verse 665 The strong-willed actions of eminent men Earn the crown's respect
and the crowd's renown.
Verse 666 Those who think will have their thoughts fulfilled, Just as they
thought, provided they possess the strength of will.
Verse 667 Do not disparage men who appear small, for there are those,
Seemingly insignificant, who are like the linchpin of a mighty chariot.
Verse 668 Visualize actions with unclouded clarity, Then forcefully undertake
them without delay or indecision.
Verse 669 Despite dire hardships, hold to strength of mind And do those deeds
which yield joy of heart.
Verse 670 Whatever other strengths they may possess, the world neither needs
Nor likes those who have no need for action's strength.
Verse 671 When a decision is reached, deliberation ends. To delay that
decision's execution is detrimental.
Verse 672 Slumber when sleepy work awaits, But never rest when actions demand
Verse 673 Direct action is good whenever feasible, but when it is not, seek
other means of success.
Verse 674 Reflect on this: Both efforts and enemies, if left unfinished, Can
destroy like an unextinguished fire.
Verse 675 Before acting resolve all doubts through consideration of these
five: Cost, means, time, place and the action itself.
Verse 676 Discern a deed's outcome, obstacles and opulent earnings Successful
effort affirms - then act.
Verse 677 The way to accomplish any task is to ascertain The inmost thoughts
of an expert in that task.
Verse 678 Just as one elephant may be used to tether another, So one task may
be the means of accomplishing another.
Verse 679 Rather than bestow kind favors on friends, Hasten to befriend your
Verse 680 Fearing their people's inner apprehensions, Men of minor realms bow
before mightier rulers, accepting terms.
Verse 681 Kindliness, high birth, and a nature pleasing to kings- These are
the qualities of an ambassador.
Verse 682 Kindliness, knowingness and deliberateness of speech Are three
necessities for an ambassador.
Verse 683 The ambassador who presents to lance-bearing monarchs plans That
portend victory to his own king must be a scholar among scholars.
Verse 684 Send him on mission who possesses these three: Well-winnowed
wisdom, ample learning and an imperturbable presence.
Verse 685 The good which an ambassador procures derives from succinct speech
Cheerful conversation and avoidance of argument.
Verse 686 An envoy is learned, eloquently persuasive, unfearing of the
fiercest Stare and understanding of what fits the moment.
Verse 687 He is superior who knows duty and place, Judges the appropriate
time and thinks before he speaks.
Verse 688 Integrity, influence and intrepidity-these three along with
truthfulness Are the qualities of a man who faithfully delivers his monarch's
Verse 689 Commission him to deliver the monarch's mandates Who, firm of
vision, never blurts out flawed words.
Verse 690 An ambassador is he who fearlessly extends his king's glory, Though
he may expend his own life.
Associating with Monarchs
Verse 691 Those who associate with irascible kings should be like men who
Warm themselves at a fire, moving neither too near nor too far away.
Verse 692 Do not desire what the king desires And the king himself will
confer enduring wealth.
Verse 693 One wishing to be wary must beware of his grave faults. Once
suspicions are aroused, they are rarely removed.
Verse 694 In the presence of the great ones never speak In whispers or
exchange smiles with others.
Verse 695 The emissary neither eavesdrops nor inquires into matters. Rather
he listens raptly when secrets are revealed.
Verse 696 Sensing unspoken thoughts and ascertaining the ripe moment, Speak
of vital matters pleasantly, without offending others.
Verse 697 Speak useful ideas of interest to the king, But always leave
useless thoughts unspoken-even if he inquires.
Verse 698 Never criticize the king because he's young or your own kin. Rather
respect the luminous dignity kingship commands.
Verse 699 Men whose wisdom is unwavering Do not use the high esteem to excuse
Verse 700 Those who do unworthy deeds, expecting indulgence for their
Long-standing friendship with the monarch, ensure their own ruin.
Discerning Unspoken Thoughts
Verse 701 He who can discern through looking the unspoken thoughts of another
Is an ornament to this earth, encircled by ever unchanging seas.
Verse 702 He who can divine without any doubt what is in the king's Mind
should be held equal to a god.
Verse 703 Give whatever is required to gain an advisor Who, knowing his own
mind, can read another's thoughts.
Verse 704 Those who grasp the unspoken thoughts of others possess the same
physical features as those who do not-yet they are different.
Verse 705 Of what use are the body's eyes, if they cannot discern Another's
intentions by beholding their own?
Verse 706 As a crystal reflects objects that are nearby, So does the face
reflect what is foremost in the heart.
Verse 707 What is more perceptive than the face? For whether the heart Is
angry or glad, it is the face that expresses it first.
Verse 708 If you find a man who knows the truth of things by looking into the
Mind, it is enough to stand silently looking into his face.
Verse 709 If you find a man who knows the eye's language, The eyes will speak
of hidden hate and love.
Verse 710 Observe those who claim subtle discernment- Their only measuring
rod is their eyes.
Judging the Audience
Verse 711 Let pure men of studied eloquence study the audience Before
speaking deliberate words.
Verse 712 Let those good men who have the gift of eloquence await The right
moment and then speak with clear knowledge.
Verse 713 Those who do not assess an audience before venturing to speak Are
unaware of the way of words and remain ineffective.
Verse 714 Be brilliant before brilliant men; but assume The dullness of white
mortar before the unlearned.
Verse 715 Among all good things the best is that diffidence Which refrains
from speaking first with elders.
Verse 716 To blunder before perceptive, erudite men Is to slip and fall from
a high place.
Verse 717 A learned man's learning shines brightest Among luminaries who can
capably critique his language.
Verse 718 Speaking to an audience of understanding men Is like watering a bed
of growing plants.
Verse 719 Those who speak good things to good and learned gatherings Should
never say them to ignorant groups, even forgetfully.
Verse 720 Speaking before men of alien mind Is like pouring sweet nectar down
Not Dreading the Audience
Verse 721 Pure men of skillful discourse may speak unfalteringly Before the
powerful, provided they understand the audience.
Verse 722 Those who can convincingly express what they have learned Before a
learned assembly are the learned among learned men.
Verse 723 Those who can brave death on the battlefield are common. But rare
are they who can face an audience without fear.
Verse 724 Speak confidently before the learned what you have mastered; And
learn from those more learned still what you do not know.
Verse 725 Study the science of logic so that You may fearlessly reply in any
Verse 726 What does a coward do with a sword? What does a man who fears a
subtle council do with books?
Verse 727 The learning of those who fearfully face an audience Is like the
shining sword of womanly men amid foes.
Verse 728 Having learned many things, men remain useless If they cannot
expound effectively in chambers of excellence.
Verse 729 The learned who are intimidated by gatherings of good men Are
alluded to as less than the illiterate.
Verse 730 Men whose fear of assemblies forbids them to share Their knowledge
may be alive, yet may as well be dead.
Verse 731 Where unfailing fertile fields, worthy men And wealthy merchants
gather-that is a country.
Verse 732 A land coveted for its vast wealth, free from calamities And
yielding in abundance is indeed a country.
Verse 733 Call that a land which bears every burden that befalls, Yet pays in
full all tariffs owed the king.
Verse 734 Free of famine, endless epidemics and ravaging foes- Now that is a
Verse 735 Profuse factions, ruinous civil subservisives and murderous gangs
That harass the king-a real land is without these.
Verse 736 An incomparable country is one never devestated, Yet, if
devestated, would prosper undiminished.
Verse 737 Rain waters, underground waters, well-situated water shedding
mountains And strong fortresses are the features of a good country.
Verse 738 Five are the ornaments of a country: good health, abundant
harvests, Wealth, happiness and safety from invasions.
Verse 739 A place where prosperity comes effortlessly deserves the name land,
Not one where wealth entails laborious toils.
Verse 740 Even if a country has all these blessings, it is worth nothing If
it lacks harmony between the ruler and the ruled.
Verse 741 To aggressors and to those in fear who seek defense A fortress is
an important asset.
Verse 742 A good fort has crystal clear water, arable lands, A hill and
lovely shaded woods.
Verse 743 The texts prescribe four features of a fort's ramparts- High,
thick, solid and virtually impregnable.
Verse 744 The ideal fortress is spacious but vulnerable in very few places
And is capable of depleting the foe's determined will to storm it.
Verse 745 A good garrison is hard to assail sieze, amply provisioned And
well-suited to accommodate well those within.
Verse 746 A worthy fortress, stocked with all needed goods, Needs good men to
fend off all attack.
Verse 747 It is impossible to capture a strong fort, whether by employing
Launching artillery, tunneling beneath or encircling siege.
Verse 748 However forcefully the offensive may press, The fort offers allies
defense and foes defeat.
Verse 749 A fortress earns greatness by enabling courageous defenders To
gloriously defeat the enemy at the battle's very outset.
Verse 750 Whatever excellent qualities a fortress may possess, It will be of
no avail to men who lack action's excellence.
The Ways of Acquiring Wealth
Verse 751 There is nothing like wealth for lending consequence To an
Verse 752 Those who have nothing have everyone's contempt, While the rich are
exalted by all.
Verse 753 Wealth is a dependable lamp whose light, Reaching every imaginable
land, dispels darkness.
Verse 754 Wealth that is acquired by proper means in a manner That harms none
will yield both virtue and happiness.
Verse 755 Do not embrace but rather eschew wealth That is acquired without
compassion and love.
Verse 756 Wealth with no owner, wealth of defeated foes, Wealth from tax and
customs-these are the royal revenues.
Verse 757 Compassion, which is the child of Love, requires for its care the
bountiful nurse called Wealth.
Verse 758 To undertake an enterprise with sufficient wealth in hand Is like
watching an elephants fight from the top of a hill.
Verse 759 Make money-that is the sharpest blade scalpel For paring down an
Verse 760 Having acquired well abundant wealth, acquisition of two Other
treasurers-duty and delight-is effortless.
of the Army
Verse 761 An army which is complete and conquers fearlessly Is foremost among
all a king's possessions.
Verse 762 Only seasoned soldiers can confront the desperate adversity Of
decimating attacks with intrepid tenacity.
Verse 763 So what if an army of rats roars like the raging sea? The mere hiss
of a cobra will deaden their din.
Verse 764 A true army is one which has a long tradition of valor And knows
neither defeat nor desertion.
Verse 765 That is unquestionably truly an army which stands together, Even
when faced with death's fury.
Verse 766 Valor, honor, trustworthiness, and a tradition nobly upheld- These
four are an army's protective armor.
Verse 767 The well-trained army will withstand every onslaught, Then outflank
and storm the foe.
Verse 768 Even without a winning offense and defense, A well-appointed army
may win renown acclaim.
Verse 769 An army will prevail as long as there is No attrition, no animosity
and no afflictions.
Verse 770 Even with an abundance Though it enlists legions of troops, An army
cannot endure without commanders.
Verse 771 O enemies, stand not against my monarch! Many who did now stand as
Verse 772 There is greater fulfillment in carrying a lance which missed an
Elephant than an arrow which pierced a forest-dwelling rabbit.
Verse 773 Fierce courage is what they call valor, And chivalry to the fallen
forms its sharp edge.
Verse 774 Having hurled his spear at a huge bull elephant, The hero finds
another piercing his body and grabs it with glee.
Verse 775 Is it not a disgraceful defeat to the courageous warrior If his
glaring eyes so much as blink when the lance is hurled at him?
Verse 776 When recounting his days, the hero considers all days On which no
battle wounds scars were sustained as squandered.
Verse 777 To fasten the warrior's anklet to one who wants glory More than
life is adorning to adorn greatness with beauty.
Verse 778 Men of courage who do not fear their lives in battle do not forfeit
their ardor even if the king prohibits their fighting.
Verse 779 Who dares deride as defeated Men who die fulfilling valor's vow?
Verse 780 Heroic death which fills with tears the emperor's eyes Is death
worth begging and then dying for.
Verse 781 What is as difficult to secure as friendship? And what greater
security is there against foes?
Verse 782 Among wise men, freindship waxes like the crescent moon; Among
fools it wanes as surely as the full moon must.
Verse 783 The bonds that good men share, like good bound books, Reveal new
enjoyments at each new encounter.
Verse 784 The object of friendship is not merrymaking But a stern rebuking
when friends go astray.
Verse 785 It is not constant meeting and companionship But mutual
sensibilities that confer the alliance of friendship.
Verse 786 Friendship is not seen on a friendly face, But felt deep within a
Verse 787 To divert a man from wrong, direct him toward the right And share
his sorrow in misfortune is friendship.
Verse 788 As swiftly as the hand moves to seize a slipping garment,
Friendship acts to assuage a friend's distress.
Verse 789 Where does Friendship hold her court? It is where friends May find
constant support in every possible circumstance.
Verse 790 To boast, "He means so much to me and I to him," Merely belittles a
Testing Fitness for Friendship
Verse 791 There is no greater harm than forming a friendship without first
Testing, for once formed, it cannot be abandoned by the faithful.
Verse 792 Unless it begins with testing and proving, Friendship may end in
Verse 793 Consider a man's character, family background, faults And loyal
associates and then befriend him.
Verse 794 Pay any price to possess the friendship Of well-born men who cannot
bear rebuke and blame.
Verse 795 Seek out and befriend those who speak and move you to repent,
Reprove your wrong-doing and teach you the right ways.
Verse 796 There is a benefit even in misfortune, for it is the rod With which
a man can measure the loyalty of friends.
Verse 797 To give up friendship with fools and quit their company- Such loss
is said to be the greatest gain.
Verse 798 Don't dwell on thoughts that dim your spirit, Don't befriend those
who flee you in affliction.
Verse 799 Even in the hour of death, the thoughts of friends Who left you in
your hour of need will hurt the heart.
Verse 800 Hold tight to friendship with pure men; Let go of those who lack
propriety, even by paying them off.
Verse 801 What is old friendship? It is when neither friend objects To the
liberties taken by the other.
Verse 802 Liberties taken by a friend are friendship's rightful Possession,
and to accept them is the duty of wise men.
Verse 803 Of what purpose is longstanding fellowship If friends' familiar
actions are not accepted as one's own?
Verse 804 Familiar with familiarity, the wise are not annoyed When friends do
things without asking.
Verse 805 When friends do things that hurt you, attribute it either To
unawareness or to the privileges of friendship.
Verse 806 Bound by friendship, true friends never break the bond With an old
comrade, even if he brings them loss.
Verse 807 Old friends do not abandon loving friendships, Even when those they
cherish happen to do them harm.
Verse 808 A strong, close friend will not listen to a friends' faults, And on
the day a friend offends, he celebrates his silence.
Verse 809 The world will cherish those faithful men Who never forsake old,
Verse 810 Even ill-wishers will wish them well Who never abandon affection
for old friends.