Verse 1 "A" is the first and source of all the letters. Even so is God
Primordial the first and source of all the world.
Verse 2 What has learning profited a man, if it has not led him To worship
the Good Feet of Him who is pure knowledge itself?
Verse 3 The Supreme dwells within the lotus of the heart. Those who reach His
Splendid Feet dwell endearingly within unearthly realms.
Verse 4 Draw near the Feet of Him who is free of desire and aversion. And
live forever free of suffering.
Verse 5 Good and bad, delusion's dual deeds, do not disturb Those who delight
in praising the immutable, worshipful One.
Verse 6 A long and joyous life rewards those is theirs who remain firmly On
the faultless path of Him who controls the five senses.
Verse 7 They alone dispel the mind's distress Who take refuge at the Feet of
the Incomparable One.
Verse 8 They alone can cross life's other oceans who take refuge at the Feet
of the Gracious One, Himself an ocean of virtue.
Verse 9 The head which cannot bow before the Feet of the Possessor Of eight
infinite powers resembles eyes which cannot see.
Verse 10 The immense boundless ocean of births can be crossed, but not
Without intimate union with Infinity's Holy Feet.
The Importance of Rain
Verse 11 It is the unfailing fall of rain that sustains the world. Therefore,
look upon rain as the nectar of life.
Verse 12 Rain produces man's wholesome food; And rain itself forms part of
his food besides.
Verse 13 Though oceanic waters surround it, the world will be deluged By
hunger's hardships if the billowing clouds betray us.
Verse 14 When clouds withhold their watery wealth, Farmers cease to pull
Verse 15 It is rain that ruins, and it is rain again That raises up those it
Verse 16 Unless raindrops fall from the sky, Not even green grass will be
seen rising from the earth.
Verse 17 The nature of oceans, though vast, would diminish, If clouds ceased
to take up water and give back rain's gifts.
Verse 18 Should the heavens dry up, worship here of the heavenly ones In
festivals and daily rites would wither.
Verse 19 Unless the heavens grant their gifts, neither the giver's generosity
Nor the ascetic's aloofness will grace this wide world.
Verse 20 No life on earth can exist without water, And the ceaseless flow of
that water cannot exist without rain.
Greatness of Renunciates
Verse 21 The scriptures exalt above every other good The greatness of
Verse 22 Attempting to speak of the renunciate's magnitude Is akin to
measuring the human multitudes who have ever died.
Verse 23 Behold those who have weighed the dual nature of things and followed
The renunciate's way. Their greatness illumines the world.
Verse 24 He whose firm will, wisdom's goading hook, controls his five senses
Is a seed that will flourish in the fields of heaven.
Verse 25 So great is the power of those who subdue the five senses, even
Indra, Sovereign of spacious heaven's celestials, suffered their curse.
Verse 26 The great ones are they who can dispatch the most Difficult tasks;
the small ones are they who cannot.
Verse 27 Touch, taste, sight, smell and hearing- He who controls these five
magically controls the world.
Verse 28 Their own secret sayings reveal to the world The greatness of men
whose words prove prophetic.
Verse 29 It is impossible to endure even a moment's wrath of those Who have
scaled and stand upon the mountain called virtue.
Verse 30 Renunciates are called the priestly ones For they are clothed in
robes of compassion for all life.
of Virtue's Power
Verse 31 Virtue yields heaven's honor and earth's wealth. What is there then
that is more fruitful for a man?
Verse 32 There is nothing more rewarding than virtue, Nor anything more
ruinous than its neglect.
Verse 33 Be unremitting in the doing of good deeds. Do them with all your
might and by every possible means.
Verse 34 Keep the mind free of impurity. That alone is the practice of
virtue. All else is nothing but empty display.
Verse 35 Virtue is living in such a way that one does not fall into these
four- Envy, anger, greed and unsavory speech.
Verse 36 Don't tell yourself tomorrow you'll be wise enough to practice
virtue. Do it now for it will be your deathless companion when you die.
Verse 37 It is decidedly unnecessary to inquire about virtues' benefits, So
evident in the difference between the palanquin's rider and bearer.
Verse 38 Allowing not a day to pass without doing some good is a boulder That
will block your passage on the path to future benefits.
Verse 39 Virtuous deeds alone yield true joy. All other deeds, deprived of
dignity, earn naught and end in sorrow.
Verse 40 Virtue is merely that which should be done, And vice is merely that
which men avoid in life.
Verse 41 He alone may be called a householder who supports Those students,
elders and renunciates pursuing well their good paths.
Verse 42 The virtuous householder supports the needs Of renunciates,
ancestors and the poor.
Verse 43 The foremost duty of the householder is to duly serve these five:
God, guests, kindred, ancestors and himself.
Verse 44 Gathering wealth without misdeeds and sharing meals without
miserliness, The householder's posterity will never perish.
Verse 45 When family life possesses love and virtue, That is both its essence
Verse 46 If a man masters the immeasurable myriad householder's duties, What
further merits could a monk's duties mission bring?
Verse 47 Among those who strive for liberation, the foremost are they Who
live the blessed state of family life as it should be lived.
Verse 48 The householder dedicated to duty and to aiding Ascetics on their
path of penance endures withstands more than they.
Verse 49 Domestic life is rightly called virtue. The monastic path, Rightly
lived beyond blame, is likewise good.
Verse 50 He who pursues the householder's life well here on earth Will be
placed among the Gods there in heaven.
Verse 51 She is the helpful wife who possesses the fullness of Household
culture and spends within her husband's means.
Verse 52 The fullest family life remains empty If the wife lacks the lofty
culture of the home.
Verse 53 What does a man lack if his wife is worthy? And what does he possess
if she is lacking worth?
Verse 54 What is more majestic than a women Who commands the copious
prodigious strength of chastity?
Verse 55 Even the rains will fall at the command of the wife Who upon rising
worships not God, but her husband.
Verse 56 She who vigilantly guards herself, fondly secures her husband's
needs And protects their unblemished reputation is truly a wife.
Verse 57 Why do guardians protect women by confinement? Her own Strong-willed
staunch chastity is a women's prime supreme protection.
Verse 58 A women deeply devoted to the man who wed her Will be worthy of
great rewards in the world where Gods delight
Verse 59 Unless the wife pursues praiseworthy purity, The husband cannot
stride prance like a proud lion before his critics.
Verse 60 A worthy wife is the blessing of a home, And good children are its
Blessing of Children
Verse 61 Of all a man's blessings we know of none greater than The begetting
of children endowed with wisdom.
Verse 62 Those who bear children of blameless character Will themselves be
born seven times, untouched by evil.
Verse 63 It is said that children are a man's real wealth, For his enduring
blessings derive from deeds they do on his behalf.
Verse 64 Far sweeter than divine nectar is simple boiled rice Stirred by the
small hands of one's children.
Verse 65 Being touched by one's children is the body's delight, And listening
to their chatters them chatter is joy to the ear.
Verse 66 "Sweet are the sounds of the flute and the lute," say those Who have
not heard the prattle of their own children.
Verse 67 The father's duty to his son is to make him Worthy of precedence in
the assembly of the wise.
Verse 68 What pleasure it is to human beings everywhere When their children
possess knowledge surpassing their own!
Verse 69 When a mother hears her son heralded a good and learned man, Her joy
exceeds that of his joyous birth.
Verse 70 The son's duty to his father is to make the world ask, "By what
great austerities did he merit such a son?"
Verse 71 Can any lock keep love confined within, When the loving heart's
small tears escape and confess it?
Verse 72 The unloving belong only to themselves, But the loving belong to
others to their very bones.
Verse 73 They say it is to know union with love That the soul takes union
with the body.
Verse 74 Love makes a man affectionate toward all, And affection affords the
priceless treasure of friendship.
Verse 75 They say love's greatness is this: it yields to good families
Worldly happiness here and heavenly bliss there.
Verse 76 The ignorant declare love only draws us towards virtue, Forgetting
love is friend to all immersed in vice.
Verse 77 As the blazing sun dries up a boneless worm, So does virtue scorch a
Verse 78 Without love in the heart, Life is like a sapless tree in a barren
Verse 79 What good is a body perfect in outer ways, If inwardly it is
impaired by lack of love?
Verse 80 With love enshrined in the heart, one lives. Without it, the body is
mere just bone encased in skin.
Verse 81 The consummate purpose of maintaining a home And earning wealth is
to provide hospitality to guests.
Verse 82 To hoard one's meal when a guest is in the home Is improper-even if
it is the nectar of immortality.
Verse 83 The life of the man who daily cares for those who Come to him will
never suffer from poverty's uncaring ruin.
Verse 84 Wealth's goddess dwells in the hospitable home Of one those who
hosts guests with a smiling face.
Verse 85 If a man eats only after attending to guests' needs, What further
sowing will his fertile fields require?
Verse 86 The host who cares for guests and watches hopefully for more, Will
himself be a welcomed guest of those whose home is heaven.
Verse 87 Charity's merit cannot be measured by gifts given. It is measured by
measuring the receiver's merits.
Verse 88 Those who never sacrifice to care for guests will later lament, "We
hoarded wealth, estranged ourselves, now none will care for us."
Verse 89 The poorest penury is having plenty but neglecting guests. Such
senselessness is only found in senseless fools.
Verse 90 The delicate anicham flower withers when merely smelled, But an
unwelcome look is enough to wither the heart of a guest.
Speaking Pleasant Words
Verse 91 Pleasant words are those which, full of tenderness And free from
deceit, fall from the lips of virtuous men.
Verse 92 Better than a gift given with a joyous heart Are sweet words spoken
with a cheerful smile.
Verse 93 A kindly countenance and sweet words Spoken from the heart-these are
Verse 94 Poverty-provoking sorrow will not pursue Those who speak
joy-producing words to all they meet.
Verse 95 Humility and pleasant words are the jewels That adorn a man; there
are none other.
Verse 96 If a man seeks good works while speaking sweet words, His virtues
will wax and his vices wane.
Verse 97 Words yield spiritual rewards and moral excellence When they do not
wander far from usefulness and agreeableness
Verse 98 Sweet speech which is stranger to pettiness inparts pleasure Not
only in this life, but in the next.
Verse 99 Why would anyone speak cruel words, Having observed the happiness
that kind words confer?
Verse 100 To utter harsh words when sweet ones would serve Is like eating
unripe fruit when ripe ones are at hand.