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"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."
-
Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

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Home > Tamil National ForumSelected Writings - Sanmugam Sabesan > NtypAk;-gapUk;

Selected Writings by Sanmugam Sabesan

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NtypAk;-gapUk;

1 April 2004


Vjpu;tUk; nts;spad;W> mjhtJ Vg;gpuy; ,uz;lhk; jpfjpad;W - ,yq;ifj; jPtpy; nghJj; Nju;jy; eilngw cs;sJ. fle;j Ik;gJ Mz;LfSf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l murpay; tuyhw;wpy; eilngw;w xt;nthU nghJj; Nju;jiyAk;> jkpopdk; xU ngUj;j ek;gpf;ifAld; vjpu;Nehf;fp te;Js;sJ Mdhy; jkpopdk; nfhz;bUe;j ek;gpf;ifia> khwp khwp muRf;F te;j rpq;fsj; jiyikfs; xt;nthU Nju;jypd; gpd;dUk; rpjwbf;fr; nra;jdu;> vd;gij tuyhW $wp epw;fpd;wJ.

,k;KiwAk; ,g;nghJj; Nju;jiy> jkpopdk; kpFe;j vjpu;ghu;g;;Gld; vjpu;nfhz;Ls;sJ. Kd;ida Nju;jy;fisg; Nghy;> ,j;Nju;jypd; gpd;dUk; jkpou; ek;gpf;if rpjwbf;fg;gLkh vd;w Nfs;tpAk;> xUGwk; vOe;j tz;zk;jhd; cs;sJ. ve;j rpq;fsj; jiyikapd; Nju;jy; $l;lzp gjtpf;F tUkh? - me;jr; rpq;fsf; $l;lzp ntw;wp ngw;why; vd;d elf;Fk;? ,y;iy ,e;jr; rpq;fsf; $l;lzp ntw;wp ngw;why; vd;d elf;Fk;? -
vd;nwy;yhk; jiyntbf;Fk; mstpw;Fj; ju;f;fk; nra;NthiuAk; ehk; fhzf;$bajhf cs;sJ. ~ve;jr; rpq;fsj; jiyik muirf; ifg;gw;w Ntz;Lk;| - vd;gjh> ,g;NghJ jkpo; kf;fspd; Kf;fpa gpur;ridahf cs;sJ vd;w Nfs;tpf;F> ehk; ~,y;iy| vd;w gjpiyj;jhd; $w KbAk;. 

Vndd;why; ,k;Kiw> jkpo; kf;fs; ,g; nghJj; Nju;jiy NtW Nfhzj;jpy; ghu;f;fpd;whu;fs;> ghtpf;f vz;Zfpd;whu;fs; vd;w ajhu;j;j epiyia ehk; fhzf;$bajhf cs;sJ> gjtpiaAk; mjpfhuj;ijAk; jhNk ifg;gw;wpf; nfhs;tjw;fhfr; rpq;fsj; jiyikfs; ,g; nghJj; Nju;jiyg; gad;gLj;jg; ghLgLfpd;wd. rpq;fs kf;fSk;> ~,g;nghJj; Nju;jy; %yk; ve;jr; rpq;fsj; jiyik gjtpiaf; ifg;gw;w Ntz;Lk;| vd;w rpe;jidA+Nljhd;> thf;fspg;Gf;F jahuhfpwhu;fs;. 

Mdhy; jkpo; kf;fspd; rpe;jidAk; - Nehf;Fk;> ,k;Kiw NtWtpjj;jpy; mike;Js;sJ. ~jkpoPo jf;fs; jkJ Ntl;ifiaf; nfhs;if uPjpahf> ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;w xU Nju;jyhf> ,j; Nju;jiyg; gad;gLj;j tpUk;Gfpd;whu;fs;| - vd;w nra;jpahdJ> ,k;Kiw elf;ftpUf;fd;w nghJj; Nju;jy; - tpj;jpahrkhd - kpf tpj;jpahrkhd xd;whf mika cs;sJ vd;gij cWjpg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ.

,g; nghJj; Nju;jy; Fwpj;J> jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; ,af;fj;jpd; murpay;Jiwg; nghWg;ghsu; jpU jkpo;r;nry;td; mtu;fs; $wpaij> ,q;Nf Fwpg;gpLtJ nghUj;jkhFk;.

'jkJ mgpyhirfis - Ntl;iffis - nfhs;if uPjpahf> ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;w xU Nju;jyhf> ,g;nghJj; Nju;jiy khw;wpaikg;gjw;F jkpo; kf;fs; tpUk;Gfpwhu;fs;. ve;j ,yl;rpaj;jpw;fhf> ve;j nfhs;iff;fhf xd;Wgl;L> xU jiyikapd; fPo; jhq;fs; If;fpag;gl;L epw;fpwhu;fNsh> mij - ,k;Kiw ru;tNjr r%fj;jpw;F epiy epWj;jp eP&gpf;Fk; Maj;jj;Jld; jkpou;fs; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;". - vd;W jpU. jkpo;r;nry;td; mtu;fs; $wpaij Cd;wpf; ftdpj;jhy;> ,g; nghJj; Nju;jy; vt;tsT Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jJ vd;gJ GydhfpwJ.

jkpo; kf;fs; ,jw;F Kd;dUk;> jkJ mgpyhirfis ntspg;gLj;jp Xu; ,iwahz;ikia nfhLj;jpUf;fpd;whu;fs; vd;gJk; cz;ikjhd;! jdpauirf; NfhUfpd;w tl;Lf;Nfhl;ilj; jPu;khdj;ij xl;b eilngw;w> 1977k; Mz;Lg; nghJj; Nju;jypy;> gpupe;Jnry;yf; $ba Raepu;za Nfhl;ghl;bw;F Mjuthf> ngUk;ghd;ik jkpo; kf;fs; thf;fspj;jpUe;jhu;fs;. Mdhy; ,g;NghJ kPz;Lk; xU Kiw jkpo; kf;fspd; ,iwahz;ik Nfhug;gLfpwJ. 1977k; Mz;bw;Fk; - 2004k; Mz;bw;Fk;| ,ilNa cs;s tpj;jpahrk;jhd; vd;d? 

1977k; Mz;bw;Fk;> ,d;iwa 2004k; Mz;bw;Fk; ,ilNa kpfg;ngupa kpf tYthd tpj;jpahrk; cz;L vd;gijAk; ,q;Nf Rl;bf;fhl;bahf Ntz;Lk;. 1977k; mz;L> jkpo;kf;fs; gykw;w epiyapy;> kpfg; gytPdkhd epiyapy; ,Ue;J nfhz;Ljhd;> jkJ murpay; mgpyhirfis> Ntl;iffis ntspg;gLj;jpapUe;jhu;fs;. me;jg; gykw;w epiyia> gytPdkhd epiyia> jkpo; tpNuhj rf;jpfs; cgNahfpj;Jf; nfhz;ld. jkpo; rdehaf uPjpahf nfhLj;j ,iwahz;ikia cilj;J vwptjw;fhf> jkpo; ,dmopg;ig> jkpo; ,d xLf;FKiwia> ,uhZt mlf;FKiwia> rpq;fs muRfs; njhlu;e;J elhj;jpd. jkpopd kf;fs; Idehaf Kiwapy; nfhLj;j Miz tYtpy;yhky; Nghapw;W. mJ 1977 ck; mjidj; njhlu;e;j fhyg;gFjpAkhFk;.

Mdhy; ,g;NghJ - 2004k; Mz;lhdJ> kpf tpj;jpahrkhd gupkhzj;jpy; cs;sJ. ,d;W jkpopdk; ,uhZt uPjpahf> kpfg; gyk;tha;e;j epiyapy;> xU Njrj;jiyikapd; fPo; mzptFj;J epw;fpd;wJ. jkpopdk; ,uhZt uPjpahfg; ngw;w gyj;jpd; fhuzkhf> ,g;NghJ murpay; fsj;jpy; mWtil elf;fpwJ. <oj; jkpopdk; jdJ murpay; Ntl;ifia ntspg;gilahf miw $tp epw;fpd;wJ.

jkpoPo kf;fspd; mgpyhirfis kpfr;rupahf ntspg;Lj;Jfpd;w tifapNyNa> jkpo;j;Njrpa $l;likg;gpd;> 2004 nghJj; Nju;jy; tpQ;Qhgdk; mike;Js;sJ. tpQ;Qhgdj;jpy; cs;s rpy Kf;fpakhd jPu;khdq;fis ,j;jUzj;jpy; Fwpg;gpl tpUk;Gfpd;Nwhk;. 

jkpo;j; Njrpaf; $l;likg;gpy; ,e;jj; Nju;jy; tpQ;Qhgdk;> NkYk; xU Kf;fpa tplaj;ij typAwj;jpAs;sJ. ,e;j tplaj;ij nray;gLj;Jtjw;Fk;> Gyk;ngau;e;j jkpoPo kf;fshfpa vkf;Fk; Kf;fpa gq;fpUf;fpd;wJ. jkpo;j; Njrpaf; $l;likg;gpd; Nju;jy; tpQ;Qhgdj;jpy; cs;s jPu;khdj;jpy; xd;W fPo;tUk; tplaj;ij typAWj;Jfpd;wJ. mJ xU Kf;fpakhd xU mk;rkhFk;.

fle;j ,uz;lhz;L fhyk; MAjg; gilfspd; mlhtbj;jdq;fisr; rfpj;Jf; nfhz;Lk;> rkhjhdr; #oYf;F vt;tpj gq;fKk; Vw;glhjthW> Nghu; epWj;jj;ij ,Wf;fkhfTk; cWjpahfTk; filg;gbj;Jf; nfhz;Lk;> rkhjhd topapy; Mokhd gw;WjpAlDk;> cWjpg;ghl;LlDk;> tpLjiyg; Gypfs; nraw;gl;L tUfpwhu;fs;. vdNt jko; kf;fspd; cz;ikahd Vfg; gpujpepjpfshd> jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; kPJ> rpy ehLfs; njhlu;e;Jk; eilKiwg;gLj;jp tUk; jilia ePf;fp> mtu;fs; nfsutkhfTk;> rkepiyapYk;> mjpfhug; G+u;tkhfTk; =yq;fh muRld; Ngr;R elhj;Jtjw;fhdf #o;epiy> ru;tNjr r%fk; cUthf;f Ntz;Lk;.

jkpo;j; Njrpaf; $l;likg;G tpLj;Js;s Nkw; nrhy;yg;gl;l jPu;khdj;jpw;Fupa nray;ghl;by;> Gyk;ngau;e;j jkpoPo kf;fshfpa vkf;Fk;> ghupa gq;Fz;L. jkpoPo tpLjiyg;Gypfs; ,af;fj;jpd; kPJ> rpy cyf ehLfs; tpjpj;jpUf;Fk; jilia ePf;Ftjw;fhd murpay; mOj;jq;fis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;Fupa gzpfis> Gyk;ngau;e;j jkpoPo kf;fSk;> mtu;fisg; gpujpepjpj;Jtg;gLj;Jfpd;w rq;fq;fs; - fofq;fs; kw;Wk; $l;likg;Gf;fSk; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j Kf;fpakhd fhyfl;lj;jpy;> Gyk;ngau;e;j jkpoPo kf;fshfpa ehk;> vk;Kila jhu;kPf filikia jtwhJ nra;jpl Ntz;Lk;. 

,it ahtw;iwAk; ehk; ju;f;fpj;J epw;fpd;w Ntisapy;> xU re;Njfk; G+jhfukhf cUntLj;J vOe;J epw;fpwJ. ~jkpoPo kf;fs; ve;jtpj mr;RWj;jYkpd;wp> nfLgpbfs; vJkpd;wp> Rje;jpukhf thf;fspg;gjw;Fupa #o;epiyia> =yq;fh muR Vw;gLj;jp nfhLf;Fkh?| - vd;w Nfs;tpf;Fupa gjpy;> ftiy mspg;gjhfNt cs;sJ.  

jkpoPo tpL;jiyg; Gypfspd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;s gpuNjrq;fspy;> thf;fspg;G epiyaq;fis mikg;gjw;F =yq;fh muRk;> mjd; ghJfhg;Gg; gpupTk; kWj;Js;sd. =yq;fh mur - ,uhZtf; fl;Lg;ghl;L gFjpfspy; kl;LNk> Nju;jy; thf;fspg;G epiyaq;fs; mikf;fg;gLk; vd;Wk;> me;j thf;fspg;G epiyaq;fSf;Fj; jkpo; kf;fs; nrd;W thf;fspg;gjw;F VJthf gpuahz trjpfs; nra;J nfhLf;fg;gLk; vd;Wk; =yq;fh muR njuptpj;Js;sJ. mjhtJ> tpL;jiyg; Gypfspd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; cs;s gpuNjrq;fspy;> thOk; jkpo; nghJkf;fs;> Vg;gpuy; ,uz;lhk; jpfjpad;W fbdKk;> rpukKk;> tha;e;j gazq;fis> =yq;fh Nrhjidr; rhtbfSNl Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;ba fl;lha epiyf;Fj; js;sg;gl;bUf;fpd;whu;fs;. 

jkpo; kf;fs; jq;fSila ,iwahz;ikia ve;jtpj jlq;fYkpd;wp toq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf> jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; vj;jidNah ajhu;j;jkhd MNyhridfis =yq;fh murpw;F njuptpj;jNghJk;> ,e;j MNyhridfis =yq;fh muR Vw;Wf;nfhs;stpy;iy. ~tpL;jiyg; Gypfspd; fl;Lg;ghl;Lg; gFjpf;Fs; ghJfhg;ghf thf;Fg; ngl;bfis =yq;fh nghyprhu; nfhz;L nry;tjw;Fk;> Gupe;Jzu;T xg;ge;jj;jpy; xU ruj;J jilahf ,Uf;fpd;wJ| - vd;W  muR jug;gpy; fhuzk; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; tpLjiyg; Gypfs; ,af;fNkh> ',e;j Kf;fpakhd epfo;T fhuzkhf> ,r;ruj;Jf; Fwpj;J typAWj;jg; Nghtjpy;iy" - vd;Wk; ~Nju;jy; - thf;Fg; ngl;bfSld; MAjghzpfshf> =yq;fh nghyprhu; jkJ fl;Lg; ghlLg;ghl;Lg; gFjpf;Fs; tuyhk;| - vd;Wk; njuptpj;jpUe;jhu;fs;. Mdhy; =yq;fh muR mjw;Fr; rk;kjpf;ftpy;iy. ,jidaLj;J> ,U rhuhupd; fl;Lg;ghLfSf;Fk; fPo; tuhj #dpag; gpuNjrkhd - [No menís land]  gFjpfspy; thf;fspg;G epiyaq;fis itf;FkhW tpL;jiyg;Gypfs; ,af;fj;jpdu; Nfl;Lf;nfhz;ldu;. ,g;gFjpfspy; fz;zpntbfs; KOikahf mfw;wg;gltpy;iy vd;w fhuzj;ij fhl;b> Gypfspd; ,e;j Ntz;LNfhs;fisAk; muR epuhfupj;jJ. ,g;gFjpfspy; KOikahf fz;zpntbfis mfw;Wtjw;Fg; ghupa gzpj; jpl;lj;ij Nkw;nfhs;tjhf tpLjiyg; Gypfs; njuptpj;j MNyhyridiaAk; muR fz;L nfhs;stpy;iy. <w;wpy;> jq;fsJ Kd;duq;fg; ghJfhg;G muz;fisAk; gpd; efu;j;jpf; nfhs;tjhf tpLjiyg; Gypfs; mwptpj;jdu;. mjidAk; muR myl;rpak; nra;J tpl;lJ. 

2001k; Mz;L brk;gu; khjk; eilngw;w Nju;jypy;> gy;yhapuf; fzf;fhd jkpo; kf;fis thf;fspg;gpy; fye;Jnfhs;s KbahjthW> =yq;fh ,uhZtk; jil nra;j rk;gtk;> vspjpy; kwf;ff; $ba tplak; my;y. ,d;W jkpo; kf;fs; Rje;jpukhf thf;fspg;gjw;F ,ilQ;ry;fis Vw;gLj;Jtjw;fhf =yq;fh muR Kad;W tUtijAk; ehk; fhzyhk;. ,J Idehaf Nghf;F my;y! ntFrd tpNuhjg; Nghf;Fj;jhd; ,J!

kl;L - mk;ghiwg; gFjpapy;> fUzhNthL Nru;e;J ,aq;Fk; NjrtpNuhj - JNuhf rf;jpfs;> jkpo;j; Njrpaf; $l;likg;G Ntl;ghsu;fis gaKWj;jp> mtu;fs; Nju;jy; gpur;rhuk; nra;tijj; jLf;f KidtjhfTk;> jkpo; nghJkf;fis mr;RWj;jp tUtjhfTk; mwpa Kbfpd;wJ. MfNt> gytpjkhd fhuzpfs; ,d;W jkpo;j; Njrpaj;jpw;F vjpuhd muhIfr; nray;fspy; ,wq;fpapUg;gjid ehk; fhzf;$bajhf cs;sJ. 

,d;W rdehaf Kiwf;F tf;fhyj;J thq;Fgtu;fs;> Kf;fpakhd xU tplaj;ij VNdh kwe;Jtpl;lhu;fs;. rdehafj;jpw;F mbg;gilahd KJnfYk;ghf tpsq;FtJ> mk; kf;fSila thf;FupikNaahFk;. xU Njrj;J kf;fs;> Rje;jpukhf> jq;Fjilapy;yhky; thf;fspg;gjw;fhfj;jhd; rl;lKk; - xOq;Fk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;! khwhf - rl;l  tpjpiaAk;> ghJfhg;gf; fhuzq;fisAk;> fhuzkhf fhl;b> kf;fspd; thf;Fupikia jil Nghlf;$lhJ. mg;gbnad;why;> mJ rdehafk; my;y! rdehafj;ij fhg;ghw;Wtjw;fhfj;jhd; rl;lKk; ePjpAk; nray;gl Ntz;L;k;. Mdhy; ,d;W ,yq;ifj; jPtpy;> rl;lj;ijAk;> tpjpKiwiaAk; fhuzk; fhl;b rdehafj;ijg; gypapLfpwJ> muR! gapUf;fhfj;jhd; Ntyp ,Uf;f Ntz;LNk jtpu> Ntypf;fhfg; gapu; ,Ug;gjpy;iy. ,q;Nfh> NtypNa gapiu Nka;fpd;wJ. 

,d;iwa jpdk; xU tplaj;ij typAWj;jpr; nrhy;y tpuk;GfpNwhk;. ~jkpo;j; Njrpa ,dj;jpd; jhafk;> Njrpak;> jd;dhl;rp> Raepu;za cupik| vd;gtw;iw epiy epWj;Jk; nghUl;L> jkJ ,iwahz;ik %yk;> jkJ Mizia> Ntl;ifia ntspg;gLj;Jtjw;fhfj; jkpopdk; fhj;J epw;fpd;wJ. mtw;iw mePjpahd rl;lq;fs; %ykhfNth> my;yJ muhIfr; nray;fs; %ykhfNth jil nra;a Kad;why;> mJ ghuJhukhd tpisTfisj;jhd; nfhz;LtUk;. rdehaf Kiwapy; jkpopdk; jdJ ,iwahz;ikiaf; $l ntspg;gLj;j Kbahky; jlq;fy; tUkhf ,Ue;jjhy;> me;j mePjpf;Fupa jPu;g;ig jkpopdk; toq;Fk;NghJ> mijj; jhq;ff; $ba rf;jp> rpq;fsg; Ngupdthjj;jpw;Nfh> my;yJ jkpo; JNuhfj;jdj;jpw;Nfh ,Uf;fg; Nghtjpy;iy. jkpo;j; Njrpaj;jpd; KOikahd rf;jpAk;> ,j; jilfspdhy;jhd; typik ngw;W ntsptug;Nghfpd;wJ.

 

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