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Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."
Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

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Somasunderam Nadesan Q.C.

On 80th Birthday, 1984

Honour those who are worthy of Honour - that is the highest Blessing - Centre for Society and Religion
Eminent lawyer and a distinguished interpreter of constitutional law - Sri Lanka Daily News
An intellect so razor sharp - Mervyn Casie Chetty
Genius and greatness wrapped in silk - George Mason, Attorney at Law
Service to the powerless and for the power of truth - Sinhala Daily, Aththa
An embodiment of erudition, clear knowledge and simplicity - Wijaya Tilakasiri
A talk with him was a liberal education - I.P.Thurairatnam

Thanksgiving Service at Centre for Society and Religion, 15 February 1984

From the Invitation to A Prayer Service of Thanksgiving on the occasion of the 80th Birthday of Mr.S.Nadesan Q.C. 
On the 11th of February 1984, Mr.S.Nadesan will be 80 years old. He continues to dedicate himself to the people of our country in a special manner in the defence of human rights. We are glad to invite you to our inter religious prayer service at this Centre on Wednesday 15th February from 4-5.30 p.m. - Fr.Tissa Balasuriya, O.M.I., Director, Centre for Society and Religion

1.Honour those who are worthy of Honour

According to the Buddhist Commentaries, during the time of Lord Buddha, one day an interesting discussion arose in the Public Hall as to what constituted a 'Blessing' (Mangala - means that which is conducive to happiness and prosperity in this world and the next). People naturally held diverse views. Men were so divided in their opinions that it resulted in the formation of groups and their partisanship ultimately extended, so the story goes, even as far as the Deva world (Heaven). Being unable to come to a satisfactory agreement, it was finally decided to approach the Buddha and obtain his trustworthy opinion. The leader of the group, a Deva, drew near the presence of the Blessed One and addressed him in the following verse:

'Many deities and men yearning after good, have pondered on Blessing (Mangala). Pray tell me the Highest Blessing.'

The Blessed One answered and came out with the Mangala Sutta which mentions 32 blessings and the first stanza of the Mangala Sutta reads thus:

'Not to associate with fools, to associate with the wise, and to Honour those who are worthy of honour - that is the Highest Blessing.'

In honouring one who is worthy of honour let us all derive inspiration and reflect more and more, not so much on his achievements and attainments, but his selfless service to the cause of humanity, the down trodden and the oppressed.

On this occasion in wishing Mr.S. Nadesan long life and good health, let us recite the Karaniya Metta Sutta of loving kindness to all Beings.

The Metta Sutta

1. He who is skilled in his good, and who wishes to attain that state of calm, should act thus: 
He should be able, upright, perfectly upright, obedient, gentle and humble.

2. Contented, easily supportable, with few duties, of light livelihood, with senses controlled, discreet, not impudent, not greedily attached to families

3. He should not commit any slight wrong on account of which other wise men might censure him.
May all beings be happy and secure; may their hearts be wholesome.

4. Whatever living beings there be - feeble or strong, long, stout, or medium, short, small or large, seen or unseen, those dwelling far or near, those who are born and those who are to be born - may all beings, without exception, be happy minded.

5. Let none deceive another nor despise any person whatever in any place. In anger or ill will let him not wish any harm to another.

6. Just as a mother would protect her only child at the risk of her won life, even so let him cultivate a boundless heart toward all beings.

7. Let his thoughts of boundless love pervade the whole world - above, below and across without any obstruction, without any hatred, without any enemity.

8. Whether he stands, walks, sits or lies down, as long as he is awake, he should develop this mindfulness. This they say is the Highest Conduct here.

9. Not falling into error, virtuous, and endowed with Insight, he discards attachment to sense-desires. Of a truth, he does not come again for conception in a womb.

2.The Hymn of Creation: (Translated from the Reg. Veda by Jean Le Mee)

Let us bring our minds to rest in
The Glory of the Divine Truth
May Truth inspire our reflection
The Origins of all the Gods.

We shall now joyfully proclaim
For future ages to behold
When the verses are recited
From the Will, the burning absolute love,
Truth arose and with it the Ocean of Possibilities,
The one who saw the splendour of creation
Unfolding before his eyes,
Can only sing its glory,
Om Shanthi Shanthi Shanthi.

3.A Bhajan in Praise of Lord Krishna: and the philosophy of the Bhaghavad Gita: 

A few words of reflection on the Geetha before we listen to the Bhajan, on the imperishability of the soul.

Never is he born, nor does he die at any time,
he has never been brought into being
Nor shall he come hereafter,
Unborn, eternal, permanent and ancient
When the body is slain, he is not slain,
As a man casts off all worn-out garments
And puts on other new ones,
So the embodied soul casts-off
The worn out bodies and enters other new ones.
No weapon can cleave him
Nor the fire burn him
No waters can make him wet,
Nor the wind dry him up.
For death is certain to one who is born,
To one who is dead, birth.
Thou should not grieve for what is unavoidable,
That man who abandoning all desires walks without attachment
Free from selfishness and vanity
It is he who will attain peace.

4.Short invocation from the Sivapuranam, the sacred work of the Saivite Hindus

Let us reflect on the words of the sage Manikka Vacagar

I ask not kin, nor name, nor place,
Nor learned men's society.
Men's love for me no value has
I come to thee, Lord Shiva.
I had no virtue, penance, knowledge, self-control,
A Doll to turn at others whims,
I danced, I whirled, I fell,
You showed me your beauty, made me yours.
With love's mad longing
I come to thee.

5.Rendering a hymn from Rabindranath Tagore's Gitanjali in the original Bengali:

"Where the mind is without fear and the head held high;
Where knowledge is free;
Where the world has not been broken up into fragments by narrow domestic walls;
Where words come out from the depth of truth;
Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection;
Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way in the dreary desert sand of dead habit
Where the mind is led forward by thee into ever- widening thought and action -
Into that Heaven of freedom, my father, let my country 

5.One of Mahatma Gandhi's favourite Bhajans:

- A hymn of rejoicing and a recognition of God's glory.

Let us thank the Lord for Mr. Nadesan's life and his enormous contribution to his family, his society and his country.

Eminent lawyer and a distinguished interpreter of constitutional law Sri Lanka Observer, 10 February 1984

"An intellect so razor sharp
A body hale and strong
At 80 you have still the zest
For principles and human rights
You spend your talents free
And help uphold the rule of law
And save democracy" 
Mervyn Casie Chetty, Attorney at Law Greetings on Reaching 80

S.Nadesan Q.C. one of Sri Lanka's most eminent lawyers and a distinguished interpreter of constitutional law, celebrates his 80th birthday tomorrow.

Respected as a gifted and dedicated fighter for human rights, Mr. Nadesan is a founder member of the Civil Rights Movement and to mark his birthday, the CRM is making arrangements to reprint two of his earlier writings.

The first "Regional Autonomy" is the substance of an article published in the "Sunday Observer" 27 years ago, just before the signing of the Bandaranaike - Chelvanayakam pact. The CRM's decision to get it reprinted, according to a Press release issued by the CRM, is because it considers the arguments of special relevance to the present and hopes that their wider dissemination will be a useful stimulant to further discussion, though the CRM does not take any position on the subject.

The other publication to be reprlnted by the CRM is: "The Strike and Its Aftermath" written by Mr. Nadesan for the CRM, on the strike of public servants of 1980 when nearly 40,000 public servants lost their jobs.

The CRM release adds: "Mr. Nadesan has applied his keen intellect and passion for justice to an amazingly wide range of human rights issues throughout his life. A representative selection of his writings and speeches would be of great value; it would also run into several volumes. Today CRM merely presents two samples as a precursor to the major publication which must follow.

"Genius and greatness wrapped in silk" - George Mason, Attorney at Law,  Ceylon Daily News, 11 February 1984

Arul writing in the Saturday Review, 10 March 1984: ".. I must thank you for publishing the birthday tribute to Mr. S. Nadesan, Q. C., by the acting Editor of the Daily News, Mr. George Mason. You have mentioned in your note that this article was published in the provincial edition of the Daily News but had been pulled out from the other editions. I cannot see, after reading the tribute, any reason why it should have been pulled out from the other editions. There was nothing in it to create any dissension among the citizens of our country or to incite any person or persons against the State! Is the first-hand information of Mr. Nadesan's generosity and his prowess in the legal field by a person who had known him intimately for nearly nineteen years so dangerous to the security of our country? May I take this opportunity to express a wish which I have been having for a very long time? A biography of Senator Nadesan, as he is still known, should be published. His biography would be a part of the recent political and legal history of our country. Will some person or body undertake this useful task?"

Life yields greatness to some, happiness to much fewer. S. Nadesan, Q.C., who celebrates his 80th birthday today, can claim the satisfaction of a life successfully spent in a struggle to give consolation to others.

As one whose duties took me to his chambers almost daily, for nearly nineteen years, I, naturally came to know him well. I have witnessed some part of his generosity.

Every Sunday, a company of ten or fifteen men - all in their sixties all of whom have seen better days, perhaps - would gather at his Castle Lane home. Mr. Nadesan would ring for his all purpose clerk Ambujan. The latter followed his master�s gaze, then left the room and came back with a stack of hundred or fifty-rupee notes. These duly delivered, the visitors would nod to their benefactor and leave.

I have seen young people who had passed their medical entrance or gained admission to some engineering course, crowd into his chambers. Each was soon drawing up a list of the text books, he needed. I saw this not once but year after year. On one occasion, recall a student tried to tell my senior that some cheaper or second hand version was available. He was anxious to keep the bill as low as he could.

�I say,� replied Mr. Nadesan in what to me always seemed a deliberately drawn out style of speech, �I say, young man, did I ask you to compile a list of second hand books. Tell me what you want. All you need to see you through to the best you can do. I say, I�ll find the money. You find the time and the energy to do your best.�

Mr Nadesan is a deeply orthodox Hindu. Yet St. Peter�s College, a Catholic institution which stood close by, found a ready, benefactor in him.

No, you see�, I heard him tell a client who looked aghast when the lawyer bought one and all of the ticket books some boys were selling prior to some concert or school show.

�No, you see; I say, those men there are doing a great human service. I hear that Fr Panditharatne, or some priest there, has a  Ph.D in physics from London. He has sacrificed everything in the cause of humanity as a Christian. Surely, we owe it to them, ourselves, I say, to to help causes like that?�

I will never forget one of the first and finest lessons I�ve learned at M Nadesan hands. Having assigned some work to me, he got ready to leave for Hulftsdorp. At the door he paused. �I say, George, not only your splendid phrases � I want my points too, right?�

Of himself, the Queen�s Counsel would say �I am a lawyer by profession, a physician by vocation and choice.� The distinction, perhaps, revealed his deeper instincts: his humanness mainly.

Once, when Ernest Corea then Editor of the Daily News told him of a special diet he was ad�vised to follow, Mr Nadesan cut in �I say, Ernest� tell your Doctor to return my book when he�s finished with it, will you�!

�Mason, why ever do you smoke like this?� he would say, urging that he was conducting a one man campaign against smoking. His patients included Father Justin Perera and veterans like Proctor A.C. de Alwis Seneviratne.

As a lawyer, he will always rank with the sharpest minds the bar of this country has ever known.

I�ve heard one of our most eminent judges address him thus: �Mr Nadesan I�d like to hear more of your own views on this matter. I find you more illuminating than some of the authorities you cite.�

Never rile the bench, he would advise. Always remember your first duty is by your client. Never let yourself be carried away by some idle remark from anyone however unworthy.

There was one celebrated case in which Nadesan�s adversary addressed court for almost a fortnight. Mr. Nadesan�s reply took less than an hour. He won.

Nadesan was not without a sense of humour. His arch adversary, in many famous cases, the late C. Thiagalingam, Q.C., once protested to Court at the beginning of a case one morning:   �I don�t know, your honour, what my learned friend has to smile so much about. He is wearing a broad grin, if I may use the word.�

�Ah � rose Nadesan to explain, now visibly shaking good humouredly. �Ah, your Honour, I thank God for a happy disposition. After all. Sir, we are not here waging war on each other. Sir, we are trying to seek your judgement on a legal matter in a very civil and peaceful manner. After all, Sir, I see many things to make me happy, this fine morning. The sky is blue, the sun is shining, the birds are singing, the flowers are blooming -- and good cheer is infectious. There you are, I see your honour is smiling too. After all, sir, life is short. Let us live and die smiling. For myself, Sir, I have many reasons for smiling and not the least of them is that it seems to annoy my learned friend�� 

There was a roar of laughter throughout the court. Even Thiagalingam could scare forbear a cheer.

Esmond Wickremesinghe, one of the most astute minds of his generation, had implicit faith in Nadesan as a lawyer. His tactics, his court craft -  all suited the limitless situations that arose in journalism.

Nadesan is a tireless worker. His own capacity speaks for his health programme. Often at 3 in the morning when I was plainly under strain, he would say, �George, you�re tired. Get home and rest. I�ll sit up for another hour or two. Don�t be worried. Sometimes for all this study I go in and play it by ear.

To a fanatic who was mounting a fierce anti Catholic campaign in the sixties, Nadesan said; �I say, I hold nothing particularly against them. These people think they alone know the way to Heaven. They may be wrong. But I admire their generous instinct. 'We know the way and we are determined to take you along with us'. One cannot complain that they are shutting the gates on us or refusing to share what they consider their good fortune.�

Mr. Nadesan has written several brilliant monographs, on the Constitution and on Human Rights, among other subjects. He has contributed the most stimulating studies to the Press. In the Senate, his speeches were clear, fearless and learned.

He was - and is - always ready to fight the cause of the underdog. His clients have been legion. His Sinhala friends are without number.

I once had occasion to look for some authority in his library. �I say, Mason,� he interrupted, �surely you know. I�m not exactly an academic or one who relies overmuch on learned tomes. I try to think out a solution and then test it with precedents and commentaries I can lay hold of.�

This was a technique that the late H.V. Perera, Q.C., once said he himself used to adopt.

Mr. Nadesan has never betrayed any hint of conceit or malice. A man with a deep philosophic turn of mind, he is steeped in religious literature, in historical works and political writings.

It is a well-deserved tribute to the man that he held an esteemed place in the Senate almost throughout the entire period that we in this country claimed a Second Chamber, a tribute to him and a tribute and pride to the people of this land, no less.

At eighty, S. Nadesan enjoys a fine clear and astute mind. He blends in himself a fine balance of a rare mental talent and a large and generous heart. He has added lustre to our legal history: lustre to our history as a people. I have known him to help many; never to hurt anyone by so much as an unkind word.

Service to the powerless and for the power of truth and the cause of justice
English translation of  Editorial of the Sinhala Daily, Aththa, Colombo, 11 February 1984

Mr.Nadesan who turned 80 on 11 February 1984 is one of the most remarkable and admirable sons of the 20th century in Sri Lanka. He was born at the dawn of the century and now lives to see it coming to its end. He has witnessed and has been a participant in all the major events that have transformed our country.

I will touch on only a few aspects of his personality. He is a person of great simplicity, personal charm and intense dedication to truth and the cause of justice. He lives a very simple life in the heart of Colombo. He gets up early in the morning. By 5 a.m., he is on the roads - often in a pair of shorts and shirt and walks four to six miles. He does so almost daily. He has no car. The roads of Colombo are his path for this morning exercise that is both physical and spiritual. His food is simple, vegetarian. He goes to Courts before 10 a.m. During an important case - like in the defence of Aththa  or the Saturday Review, he is on his feet from 10 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and 1.30 p.m. to 3.30 p.m. addressing the Judges. All he takes for lunch are two bananas (anamalu) which he carries in his brief case. He believes in nature cure and a balanced diet. His advice is readily available to those who wish to consult him concerning simple living.

A second characteristic of his simplicity is his single minded devotion to truth and justice. He feels strongly when injustice is done, specially to the poor and the weak. He does not like the all powerful to get away with injustice. The law is his weapon for justice. He therefore takes the causes of the oppressed, specially in matters of human rights. He does not charge a fee when takes up a case for human rights. In a long career he has won many celebrated cases and championed many more - even when the odds were against him. More recent cases were the Pavidi Handa case during the referendum, the Kalawana Bye Election and the Constitutional Amendment.

He studies an issue very deeply. He is not only one of the most knowledgeable of our lawyers, but also one of the most hard working. He thinks out his case in depth. When he walks about on the road, he is thinking of the defence of the rights of the citizen in a difficult situation. He reflects deeply on the Constitution and the law on human rights and freedom. Brilliant insights concerning the law and justice come to him due to such single minded attention to his cause. He works long hours to prepare his material for presentation. For him Judges are like his students. He feels he has to instruct them. He has had to defend the rights of the Supreme Court even when the Judges themselves did not take the initiative - as last year, concerning their oaths under the 6th Amendment to the Constitution.

He is courageous, fearless and unmindful of the consequences to his person. When a pistol was placed in front of his chest during the Referendum, on polling day, all he said was 'shoot'. This made the younger men withdraw with the pistol. He is cool and determined in the struggle for justice, when many others feel it is safer to keep silent. His courage is infectious. He is a livewire of the Civil Rights Movement, which has defended human rights courageously during the past 17 years.

He has told us that what gives him strength amid the encircling gloom of our society is the inner flame burning within him. The consciousness of a union with the absolute and of the presence of a bright spark of the divine within him and in all others motivates him, animates him and sustains him. His religiosity is both internal to him and expresses itself in service to others and the community.

Mr.Nadesan is one of the greatest Sri Lankans of modern times. We are grateful to him for his life and work and to God for him and for being an inspiration for such devotion to human liberation. His contribution and message is of a deeper nature than that of those who are in power for some period of time - for his is a service to the powerless and for the power of truth and the cause of justice.

May he be long with us to render much further service to our people and to our country.

Devotional Homage by Wijaya Tilakasiri
5 February 1984, in Aththa, Sinhala Daily
Translation of Poem in Sinhalese by Kulasiri Rajapakse

who is an embodiment of erudition, clear knowledge and simplicity,
who has shown the country the correct path through every one of his speeches and writings,
who has shown the weaknesses in the law and 
who has cultivated noble qualities in the heart of the common man,
You have reached the 80th milepost in the road of life.

You who have said that the progress of the country will be hampered by communal discord, and
through such independent thinking has sought constant peace
Your name is honoured not only in our country but all over the world.

You have not worn the mantle of erudition to show off, but you are above others
because of your manly qualities - and also
because you have set sail a big struggle for the rights of the masses of this country
That is enough to glorify your name not only for the present but also for the indefinite future.

You who have shown the country the need to protect civil rights and
who have rallied together a body of learned intellectuals to fight for this cause
And also you have cleared the people's minds of irrational ideas and servility - and by
opening up that new road gave a new life to the masses of this country

Though some people went against your views and treated them like poison, today,
it is clear as crystal the meaning of the value of human rights
In the world thousands of learned men may emerge, but your greatness will prevail from era to era
firm, and strong as a rock 

A talk with him was a liberal education - I.P.Thurairatnam, Sri Lanka Sun, 9 February 1984

It is my pleasure to write a few words of appreciation of the  life and work of the famous advocate and Queen's Counsel, S. Nadesan, who celebrates his 80th birthday on Saturday.

I came to know Mr. Nadesan at the Ceylon University College in 1925 and struck a friendship with him which has endured for 60 years. He walked with people high and low, but never lost the common touch. A talk with him was a piece of liberal education.

Mr. Nadesan is a well learned man. I have listened to him very often about nature cure, vegetarianism, balanced diet, arthritis, Sinhala, Mahatma Gandhi and Wedgewood Benn. He has a monumental memory.

He was left with his only child, Satyendra when his wife died. He accepted the calamity philosophically. Father and son were thrown together more and more and it was interesting to watch the evolution of a relationship that resulted in the child becoming the father of the man. Satyendra is now a famous advocate in his own right and the father is justly proud of him. Nadesan told me one day that Satyendra was riding on a crest.

Nadesan is a generous man. Very few people know of his generosity, for, his "right hand doth not know what his left hand doeth". He has given to a number of charitable causes and what is more, he has helped many friends and acquaintances to rehabilitate themselves.

From the generous monthly allowances he used to give his wife, she gave freely, to charitable causes. One day I saw her looking through the Observer Directory to find charitable causes to help. It was interesting to see the evolution of a sublime relationship that existed between father, mother and son.

When Satyendra left for England for the first time and Nadesan's wife was no more, I pitied Nadesan as he was going to be left alone. But this proved to be a groundless fear. He could adjust himself to any situation. With his busy practice, his voluminous writings and his many friends, he was never really lonely.

Nadesan can look back upon his life and work with great satisfaction and we, his friends thank God for a life usefully lived. We wish him many more years of health and happiness.


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