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"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."
Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C

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Home > Tamils - A Trans State Nation > Beyond Tamil Nation: One World > The Strength of an Idea > Nations & Nationalism > International Relations & the Age of Empires in Denial > India Bans Communist Party of India -Maoist (CPI-M)

From Wikipedia - The Communist Party of India (Maoist) is an underground Maoist political party in India. It was founded on September 21, 2004, through the merger of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India. The merger was announced to the public on October 14 the same year. In the merger a provisional central committee was constituted, with PW leader Ganapati as General Secretary. The CPI (Maoist) are often referred to as Naxalites in reference to the Naxalbari insurrection by radical Maoists in West Bengal in 1967. The Centre on 22nd June 2009 (Monday) banned the CPI (Maoist) under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, calling it a terrorist organization.Following the ban ,the Maoists will now be liable for arrested under the UAPA.They are barred from holding rallis,public meetings and demonstrations, and their offices if any,will be sealed and bank account frozen.Earliar ,the union home minister,Mr P.Chidambaram had asked the West Bengal Chief Minister ,Mr Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, to ban the the Maoists following the Lalgarh Violence. "

International Relations

India Bans Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-M)

BBC 22 June 2009

[see also 'It�s outright war and both sides are choosing their weapons' - Arundhati Roy in conversation with Shoma Chaudhury,Tehelka, March 2007 "... to equate a resistance movement fighting against enormous injustice with the government which enforces that injustice is absurd. The government has slammed the door in the face of every attempt at non-violent resistance. When people take to arms, there is going to be all kinds of violence � revolutionary, lumpen and outright criminal. The government is responsible for the monstrous situations it creates...does this mean that people whose dignity is being assaulted should give up the fight because they can�t find saints to lead them into battle?. " and

India's Simmering Revolution: The Naxalite Uprising - Sumanta Banerjee 25 years ago - India's Simmering Revolution: The Naxalite Uprising - Sumanta Banerjee "...The term `Naxalite' (from Naxalbari) has continued to symbolize any assault on the assumptions and institutions that support the established order in India. It has become a part of the common speech all over India, and along with 'Huk' of Philippines, 'Al Fatah' of Palestine and `Tupamaros' of Uruguay, has today found a place in the vocabulary of world revolution... Obituarists of the movement have always proved to be premature in their pronouncements. If the movement was contained and declared "crushed" in one part of India it soon erupted in another, sometimes a very unexpected corner of the country. Naxalbari was followed by Srikakulam: Srikakulam by Debra-Gopiballavpur; Debra-Gopiballavpur by Birbhum; Birbhum by Bhojpur �where still today, peasant guerrillas of the CPI (M-L) continue to fight back against a repressive feudal regime... The ideologue of the movement � fiery-eyed, frail Charu Mazumdar, who was a victim of cardiac asthma and was driven to death by police persecution � was fond of saying: "No word ever dies... Our words remain embedded among the people... One who doesn't dream and can't make others dream, can never become a revolutionary."

The Indian government has banned the Maoist Communist Party of India as a terrorist group, giving security forces enhanced powers of arrest. The move provides Indian police with the power to detain members of the party even if they have not been involved in insurgent activity.

Earlier, five states across east and central India were put on a high alert as the Maoists called a two-day strike. One district in West Bengal briefly fell under almost total Maoist control. The rebels said the strike they declared was in response to the "war" on people in Lalgarh, West Bengal, where security forces launched an offensive in recent days. Lalgarh had been under the virtual control of the rebels since November.

But police and paramilitary troops have been attempting to consolidate their grip on the jungle enclave over which they re-established control over the weekend.

Monday's strike began a day after 11 police died in a rebel attack in Chhattisgarh state and two days after 16 policemen were killed in landmine blasts triggered by the Maoists in the same state.

Issuing a high alert for the five states in which the strike was declared, the interior ministry said India's federal Intelligence Bureau had "specific inputs" that Maoists were planning possible attacks.

"Security forces, as well as economic infrastructure like railways, buses and crowded markets, may be targeted by the Maoists to make their presence felt during the strike," the interior ministry advisory said.

India's prime minister, Manmohan Singh, has described the Maoists as the greatest threat to India's internal security.

The ban on the Communist Party of India (Maoist) or CPI-M comes just a month after the Congress party won a decisive victory in elections - leaving it with no need to turn to communist parties for support in shoring up a coalition.

Correspondents say it is unclear how big an impact the ban will have in the fight against the rebels.

Lalgarh unrest

Villagers in Lalgarh say their young men are being forced by police to hunt for explosives planted by the Maoists.

"They are giving the village boys an S-shaped iron rod each, asking them to hook it to wires sticking out anywhere and pull it. This is dangerous because they will be too close to the explosives if the wires are linked to them," said Chattradhar Mahato, chairman of the Peoples Committee on Police Atrocities (PCPA), active in the Lalgarh area.

Some of Bengal's leading artists, including film-maker Aparna Sen, visited Lalgarh on Sunday in a attempt to broker peace between the West Bengal government and the Maoists.

But neither appeared to be in a mood to talk.

"The Maoists have no specific demand, they are just out to create trouble. We have to continue the operations to deal with them," said Bengal's chief secretary Ashok Mohan Chakrabarty.

Maoist leader Kishneji told the BBC: "We will show the government what is people's power. No police or army can crush that."

Thousands of villagers have fled their homes in the Lalgarh region to avoid getting caught in the fighting, heading towards neighbouring areas of Bankura district.

The Bengal government started the offensive to retake Lalgarh, which had effectively been under Maoist control since November.

The Maoists skilfully harnessed people's anger over police excesses following an Maoist attempt to kill chief minister Buddha Bhattacharya through a landmine blast, says the BBC's Subir Bhaumik in Calcutta.

Maoist-linked violence has killed 6,000 people in India over two decades.

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