Tamils - a Trans State Nation..

"To us all towns are one, all men our kin.
Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill
Man's pains and pains' relief are from within.
Thus have we seen in visions of the wise !."
Tamil Poem in Purananuru, circa 500 B.C 

Home Whats New  Trans State Nation  One World Unfolding Consciousness Comments Search

Home  > The Tamil Heritage - History & Geography > Chola Dynasty > Chola inscriptions  near Madras, May 1987

Chola inscriptions near Madras

The Hindu,  15 May 1987

Based on "A New Chola Inscription from Pammal near Madras", Paper presented at the Thirteenth Annual Congress of The Epigraphical Society of India held at Patna in April, 1987.STAT 63/87, May 1987 - Dr. Gift Siromoney

A recent archaeological discovery refers to Tambaram in the city as "Taampuram" as well as Gunaseelanallur. "Surathur" which was the headquarters of Surathur Nadu in ancient days, is now known as "Tirisulam."

The discovery relating to Chola history, from an inscription noted in Pammal near here, was reported to the Congress of the Epigraphical Society of India held in Patna in April this year, in a paper presented by Dr. Gift Siromoney of the Madras Christian College.

The new inscription belongs to the 35th year of the reign of Rajendra Chola III whose rule is stated to have ended in AD 1279. He was the last Chola king and his latest known inscription belonged to the 33rd year. Another inscription discovered in Madambakkam (near Tambaram) refers to the 36th year of his regime. Both the inscriptions can be assigned to Rajendra Chola III. Hence, the Chola rule (as he was the last in the chain) did not end in AD 1279 as hitherto believed but lasted for three more years.

The discovery that Rajendra III was known by the name Tribhuvana Chakravarthi Veera Rajendra Chola Deva, has been proved by paleographic and internal evidence in the inscriptions. In the Pammal slab, the letters "da" and "na" have the same forms as their modern counterparts and hence it would belong to the end of the 13th century and not earlier. The Madambakkam inscription mentions "Arunagiri Perumal Nilangarayan" who is known to be a local chieftain and who lived at the end of the 13th century.

The Pammal inscription contains the names of Tiruneermalai, Pammal and Surathur. "Surathur" derived from Churam or jungle path, was the old name of Tirisulam which is derived from Tiru Churam.

The Madambakkam inscription refers to Nedungundram (near Vandalur), Madambakkam and Maduraipakkam, a hamlet near Madambakkam. Madambakkam belonged to Nedungunra Nadu and Pammal to Surathur Nadu, according to Dr. Gift Siromoney.



Mail Us Copyright 1998/2009 All Rights Reserved Home