Whereas the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Sudan People's
Liberation Movement/Sudan People's Liberation Army (the Parties) have been
conducting negotiations in Naivasha, Kenya, since 2nd September, 2003 under
the auspices of the IGAD Peace Process; and
Whereas the Parties reiterated their commitment to a negotiated, peaceful,
comprehensive resolution to the Sudan Conflict within the Unity of Sudan as
set forth in the Machakos Protocol of 20th July 2002; and
Now Record That within the above context, the Parties have reached specific
agreement on Security Arrangements during the Interim Period, the initialed
text of which is annexed hereto and which will be subsequently incorporated
into the final Peace Agreement; and
It Is Agreed And Confirmed That the Parties shall immediately resume
negotiations on the remaining outstanding issues and subsequently negotiate
a comprehensive ceasefire agreement in order to achieve a final,
comprehensive Peace Agreement in the Sudan.
Hon. Idris Mohamed Abdelgadir
For: The Government of the Sudan
Cdr. Pa'gan Amum Oklech
For: The Sudan People's Liberation
Witnessed By: Lt. Gen. Lazaro K. Sumbeiywo (Rtd)
IGAD Sudan Peace Process and
On behalf of the IGAD Envoys
Framework Agreement on Security Arrangements During the
Interim Period Between The Government of the Sudan (GOS) and The Sudan
People's Liberation Movement/ Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLM/SPLA)
Status of the Two Armed Forces:
In the context of a united Sudan, and should the result of the referendum on
self-determination confirm unity, the Parties (the Government of the Sudan
and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement and Army) agree to the formation
of the future army of Sudan that shall be composed from the Sudanese Armed
Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA).
As part of a peace agreement and in order to end the war, the Parties agree
that the two forces, the SAF and the SPLA shall remain separate during the
Interim Period, and further agree that both forces shall be considered and
treated equally as Sudan's National Armed Forces during the Interim Period
taking into consideration 1 (c) below.
The parties agree to the principles of proportional downsizing of the forces
on both sides, at a suitable time, following the completion of the
comprehensive ceasefire arrangements.
The national Armed Forces shall have no internal law and order mandate
except in constitutionally specified emergencies.
The parties agree to an internationally monitored ceasefire
which shall come into effect from the date of signature of a Comprehensive
Peace Agreement. Details of the Ceasefire Agreement shall be worked out by
the two parties together with the IGAD mediators and international experts.
The two forces shall be disengaged, separated, encamped and redeployed as
will be detailed in the Comprehensive Ceasefire Agreement.
Except for those deployed in the Joint/Integrated Units, the rest of the
forces of SAF currently deployed in the South shall be redeployed North of
the South/North border of 1/1/1956 under international monitoring and
assistance within and up to two and one half years (2 1/2) from the
beginning of the pre-Interim Period.
Except for those deployed in the Joint/Integrated Units, the rest of the
SPLA forces currently deployed in Nuba Mountains and Southern Blue Nile
shall be redeployed South of the South/North border of 1/1/1956 as soon as
the Joint/Integrated Units are formed and deployed under international
monitoring and assistance.
The SPLM/A undertakes that the demobilized Southern Sudanese from those
currently serving in SAF in Southern Sudan shall be absorbed into various
institutions of the Government of Southern Sudan along with demobilized SPLA
The parties agree to implement with the assistance of the international
community DDR programmes for the benefit of all those who will be affected
by the reduction, demobilization and downsizing of the forces as agreed in
1(c), 3(d) and 7(b).
There shall be formed Joint/Integrated Units consisting of equal numbers
from the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People's Liberation Army
(SPLA) during the Interim Period. The Joint/Integrated Units shall
constitute a nucleus of a post referendum army of Sudan, should the result
of the referendum confirm unity, otherwise they would be dissolved and the
component parts integrated into their respective forces.
4.1 Elaboration On Joint/Integrated Units:
They should have a new character based on a common doctrine.
They will be a symbol of national unity during the Interim Period.
They will be a symbol of sovereignty during the Interim Period.
They will participate in the defense of the country together with the two
They will provide a nucleus of a post Interim Period future army of the
Sudan should the vote of referendum confirm unity.
They shall be involved in the reconstruction of the country.
Size and Deployment:
The size and deployment of the Joint/Integrated Units throughout the Interim
Period shall be as indicated below:-
Southern Sudan: twenty four thousands (24,000)
Nuba Mountains: six thousands (6,000)
Southern Blue Nile: six thousands (6,000)
Khartoum: three thousands (3,000)
The redeployment of SPLA forces from Eastern Sudan to South of the
South/North border of 1/1/1956 shall be completed within one (1) year from
the beginning of the pre-Interim period.
The parties shall discuss the issue of establishing Joint/Integrated Units.
Command and Control of the Two Forces:
The Parties agree to establish a Joint Defence Board (JDB) under the
Presidency, and shall be comprised of the chiefs of staff of the two forces,
their deputies and any number of senior officers to be agreed to by the
parties. It shall take its decisions by consensus and it shall be chaired
alternately by the respective Chiefs of Staff.
Functions of JDB:
The JDB shall perform the following functions:
Co-ordination between the two forces.
Command of the Joint Integrated Units.
Common Military Doctrine:
The parties shall develop a common military doctrine as a basis for the
Joint/Integrated Units as well as a basis for a post Interim Period army of
the Sudan, if the referendum vote is in favor of unity. The parties shall
develop this common doctrine within one year from the beginning of the
Interim Period. During the Interim Period, the training of the SPLA (in the
South), the SAF (in the North) and the joint units (in both North and South)
will be based on this common doctrine.
Status of Other Armed Groups In the Country:
No armed group allied to either party shall be allowed to operate outside
the two forces.
The Parties agree that those mentioned in 7(a) who have the desire and
qualify shall be incorporated into the organized forces of either Party
(Army, Police, Prisons and Wildlife forces), while the rest shall be
reintegrated into the civil service and civil society institutions.
The parties agree to address the status of other armed groups in the country
with the view of achieving comprehensive peace and stability in the country
and to realize full inclusiveness in the transition process.
National Security Organs and Police forces:
Structures and arrangements affecting all law enforcement organs, especially
the Police, and National Security Organs shall be dealt with as part of the
power sharing arrangements, and tied where is necessary to the appropriate
level of the executive.
Done at Lake Naivasha Simba Lodge
Date: Thursday, September 25th, 2003